OUTLINES OF HALACHOS FROM THE DAF
prepared by Rabbi Pesach Feldman of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
12th CYCLE DEDICATION:
1) PURIM KATAN
1. Mishnah: If the Megilah was read in Adar Rishon, and the year was declared a leap year, we read it again in Adar Sheni;
2. The only differences between Adar Rishon and Sheni are Kri'as ha'Megilah and Matanos la'Evyonim.
3. Gemara (Inference): Adar Rishon and Sheni are the same regarding the four special (Maftir) portions.
4. Question: The Mishnah is not like any of the Tana'im in the Beraisa!
i. Beraisa: If the Megilah was read in Adar Rishon and the year was declared a leap year, we read it again in Adar Sheni. All Mitzvos which apply in Adar Sheni apply in Adar Rishon, except for Kri'as ha'Megilah;
ii. R. Eliezer bar R. Yosi says, we do not read it in Adar Sheni, because all Mitzvos that apply in the second apply in the first;
iii. R. Shimon ben Gamliel says, we also read in Adar Sheni, since all Mitzvos that apply in the second don't apply in the first.
iv. Eulogies and fasting are forbidden on the 14th and 15th of both months.
v. Question: What is the difference between the first Tana and R. Shimon ben Gamliel?
vi. Answer (Rav Papa): They argue about the four Parashiyos. The first Tana says that if they were read in Adar Rishon, one need not repeat them; R. Shimon ben Gamliel says that they must be repeated.