hebrew
1)

Why does the Pasuk use the expression "Shabbas Shabbason"?

1.

Seforno: To add preparatory Malachos 1 to the prohibition.


1

Seforno: Such as sticking manure to the bark and anointing and holing young figs. as listed in Avodah-Zarah, 50b.

2)

What does "la'Aretz" refer to?

1.

Rashi and Seforno: It refers to the fields and vineyards - with reference to the Melachos that pertain to them, such as planting and reaping. 1


1

Digging pits per se (and building) are not prohibited during the Shemitah (Sifsei Chachamim).

3)

What is the meaning of "Karmecha Lo Tizmor"?

1.

Rashi, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: It means "Do not prune your vineyard. 1


1

Rashi: See Sifsei Chachamim. Targum Onkelos translates it as 'Lo Tichsach' - as is Yeshayah, 32:12, and in Tehilim, 80:17.

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