(a)How does ...
1. ... Rebbi explain the Pasuk in Ha'azinu "Ki Shem Hash-m Ekra, Havu Godel l'Elokeinu"?
2. ... Chananya, the nephew of Rebbi Yehoshua explain the Pasuk in Mishlei "Zecher Tzadik li'Verachah"?
1. ... Rebbi explains the Pasuk "Ki Shem Hash-m Ekra, Havu Godel l'Elokeinu" - to mean that Moshe told Yisrael that when he would mention the Name of Hash-m, they should ascribe greatness to him.
2. ... Chananya the nephew of Rebbi Yehoshua, explains the Pasuk in Mishlei "Zecher Tzadik li'Verachah" - that when the Navi (Shlomo) mentions the Tzadik of the world (Hash-m), they should bless Him.
(a)Who flanked the Kohen Gadol when he went to the east-side of the Azarah to draw the lots?
(b)What awaited him there?
(c)On which side of the Mizbe'ach were the lots drawn?
(d)The box which contained the two lots used to be made of Eshkero'a wood. Was Yehoshua ben Gamla considered praiseworthy for changing it to gold?
(a)When the Kohen Gadol went to the east-side of the Azarah to draw the lots - the Sgan stood on his right, and the head of the current Beis-Av on his left.
(b)Two goats and a box containing two lots awaited him there.
(c)The lots were drawn on the north side of the Mizbe'ach.
(d)Yehoshua ben Gamla was considered praiseworthy for changing the box from wood to gold.
(a)Ben Katin was a Kohen Gadol. Which two changes did he make to the Kiyor? Why did he do that?
(b)King Munbaz changed all the handles of the vessels that were used on Yom Kipur to gold. Which two novelties did his mother, Queen Helen, initiate?
(a)Ben Katin added ten taps to the two existing ones.
(b)King Munbaz changed all the handles of the vessels that were used on Yom Kipur to gold. His mother, Queen Helen (both converts) made a Menorah (to gauge the time for Keri'as Shema - as we shall see later), and a golden plate with the Parshah Sotah written on it (for the Kohanim to copy on to a piece of parchment for Sotos).
(a)How does Rebbi Eliezer ben Yakov interpret the Pasuk in Vayikra "Tzafonah Lifnei Hash-m"?
(b)How does that make him the author of our Mishnah?
(c)And how do we reconcile this with the previous Mishnah, which we established like Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon, because it permitted the Shechitah of the bull 'Bein ha'Ulam v'la'Mizbe'ach'?
(a)Rebbi Eliezer ben Yakov interprets the Pasuk "Tzafonah Lifnei Hash-m" - to mean that the entire north side of the Azarah had to be clear (i.e. the Mizbe'ach was placed in the south).
(b)Consequently, he will be the author of our Mishnah, which says that the Kohen Gadol arrived on the north of the Mizbe'ach, implying that the Mizbe'ach was not in the north.
(c)We established the previous Mishnah like Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon, because it permitted the Shechitah of the bull 'Bein ha'Ulam v'la'Mizbe'ach'. In fact, in order to conform with what we just said, we now retract from that, to establish the author of that Mishnah too, as Rebbi Eliezer ben Yakov. And we amend 'Par Hayah Omed Bein ha'Ulam v'la'Mizbe'ach' to 'Par Hayah Omed b'Vein (or k'Vein - see Rashash) ha'Ulam v'la'Mizbe'ach'. In other words, the bull was not standing literally between the Ulam and the Mizbe'ach, but slightly north of the Mizbe'ach in the space between them.
(a)What title does someone who walks on the right of his Rebbe earn himself?
(b)How do we initially reconcile this with our Mishnah, where the deputy Kohen Gadol walked on the Kohen Gadol's right?
(c)Someone who walks beside his Rebbe is called an ignoramus, what is he considered if he walks behind him?
(d)Seeing as we can no longer abide by the answer that we just gave (in b.), how will finally explain our Mishnah?
(a)Someone who walks on the right of his Rebbe earns himself the title 'Bur' (an ignoramus).
(b)In our Mishnah, the deputy Kohen Gadol did not walk next to the Kohen Gadol on his right, nor did the head of the Beis Av walk on his left - they walked behind him.
(c)Someone who walks behind his Rebbe is considered conceited.
(d)Consequently, we will have to establish our Mishnah when the deputy Kohen Gadol and the head of the Beis Av were walking, not directly behind the Kohen Gadol, but slightly to the side.
(a)How were the angels Michael, Gavriel and Refael positioned when they visited Avraham?
(b)What can we learn from them?
(a)When the three angels visited Avraham, Michael walked in the middle, Gavriel on his right and Refael on his left.
(b)We can learn from here that the greatest always walks in the middle, the one who is second to him, on his right, and the third in importance, on the left.
(a)How did we initially interpret "v'Nasan Aharon al Shnei ha'Se'irim Goralos"? How many lots does this imply all in all?
(b)From where do we learn that in fact, they only placed one lot on each goat?
(c)How do we then try to explain this in light of the word "Goralos" in the plural?
(d)We conclude that they placed the lot for Hash-m on the one goat, and the lot for Azazel on the other one. So why does the Torah write "Goralos" in the plural?
(a)Initially we interpret "v'Nasan Aharon al Shnei ha'Se'irim Goralos" to mean that he places two lots on each goat.
(b)We learn that in fact, they placed only one lot on each goat - because of the Pasuk "Goral Echad la'Hashem, v'Goral Echad la'Az'azel".
(c)We then suggest that maybe both lots should be placed on the heads of both goats.
(d)We conclude that they placed the lot la'Hashem on the one goat, and the lot la'Azazel on the other - and the Torah writes "Goralos" in the plural to teach us that the two lots should be equal, both in size and regarding the material from which they were made.
(a)Why might we have thought that the lots should be of gold?
(b)From where do we learn that in fact, any material is Kasher?
(c)Why did Ben Katin fix twelve taps to the Kiyor?
(d)How were the taps arranged? Were they all on the same level?
(a)We might have thought that since the Name of Hash-m was written on one of the lots, they should be made of gold, in the same way as the Tzitz, on which the Name of Hash-m was written, was made of gold (9n view of what we just wrote in 6d., it is unclear as to why Rashi confines this contention to the lot of Hash-m).
(b)We learn that in fact, any material is Kasher - from the extra word "Goral" (since the Torah could have written "Goral Echad la'Hashem, v'Echad la'Azazel").
(c)Ben Katin fixed twelve taps to the Kiyor - so that all twelve Kohanim who won the second Payis and who participated in the subsequent Avodas ha'Tamid, would be able to wash their hands and feet at the same time.
(d)The taps were fitted round the Kiyor. However, they must have been fitted at different levels - because the Beraisa explains how, in the morning, when the Kiyor was full, the Kohen Gadol would wash from the top tap, whereas, in the evening, when it was empty, he would wash from the bottom one - unless the Tana is referring to the period prior to ben Katin's Takanah.
(a)Munbaz ha'Melech changed all the handles of the vessels to gold. What did he not change the vessels themselves?
(b)Then what does the Beraisa mean when it says that he changed both the handles of the vessels and those of the knives? What does the Tana mean by 'vessels'?
(c)What else did he change to gold?
(a)Munbaz ha'Melech changed all the handles of the vessels to gold. He did not change the vessels themselves, answers the Gemara initially - because we are referring specifically to the handles of knives, which, for obvious reasons, could not be changed to gold.
(b)When the Beraisa says that he changed both the handles of the vessels and those of the knives - it is referring to the handles of choppers and scythe made of gold and suchlike, which, for the same reason as knives, could not be made of gold.
(c)Munbaz also changed the bases and the rims of the vessels to gold.
(a)How did the Menorah that Queen Helen made, function? Where was it placed?
(b)Who were the men of the Ma'amad?
(c)Why should one not recite the Shema together with the men of the Mishmar and the Ma'amad?
(d)Then what was the point of Queen Helen's Menorah?
(a)The Menorah that Queen Helen made was placed by the entrance to the Heichal, on the west of the Azarah, facing the east, in such a way that, when the sun's rays shone on it each morning, they knew that the time to recite the Shema had arrived.
(b)The men of the Ma'amad were Yisraelim who stood by the Korbenos Tzibur as Sheluchim of the community - because it is not correct for the owner to bring a Korban and not to stand by it. We learn this from the Pasuk in Tzav "Tishmeru Lehakriv ... "
(c)One cannot recite the Shema together with the men of the Mishmar and Ma'amad - because, due to the pressure of the Avodah, they would recite the Shema before the time for the Shema was actually due.
(d)Queen Helen's Menorah was for the benefit of the other people in the Azarah.
(a)Can we learn from Queen Helen's tablet for Sotos that one is permitted to transcribe sections of Torah she'bi'Chesav for children to learn from?
(b)Can we prove it from the Beraisa, which says 'ke'she'Hu Kosev, Ro'eh v'Kosev Mah she'Kasuv b'Tivla'?
(c)To answer the Beraisa which says explicitly that the Kohen would copy "Im Shachav Ish Osach", "v'Im Lo Shachav", "Im Satis" and "Im Lo Satis", we answer 'be'Sirugin'. What does 'be'Sirugin' mean?
(a)We cannot learn from Queen Helen's tablet for Sotos that one is permitted to transcribe sections of Torah she'bi'Chesav for children to learn from - because it may well be that it only contained Roshei Teivos (headings) and not complete words.
(b)Nor can we prove it from the Beraisa, which says 'ke'she'Hu Kosev, Ro'eh v'Kosev Mah she'Kasuv b'Tivla' - because we amend that to read 'Ro'eh v'Kosev Kemah she'Kasuv b'Tivla' (which again implies that they only wrote Roshei Teivos).
(c)To answer the Beraisa which says explicitly that the Kohen would copy "Im Shachav Ish Osach", "v'Im Lo Shachav", "Im Satis" and "Im Lo Satis", we answer 'be'Sirugin' - meaning that, only the opening phrase of each Pasuk was actually written on it. The rest of the Pasuk only appeared in the form of Roshei Teivos.