YOMA 43 (18 Teves) - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the Yahrzeit of her father, Rav Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rabbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away on 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study -- which was so important to him -- during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.

1)

THE PESUKIM BY PARAH WHICH RECTIFY OR MAINTAIN (cont'd)

(a)

"ve'Shachat Osah... " another may not be slaughtered with it.

(b)

"Lefanav... " to forbid Hesech ha'Da'as (Rav); that a Zar may slaughter under Elazar's supervision (Shmuel).

(c)

"ve'Lakach Elazar ha'Kohen... " to bring the Avodah back to Elazar (Shmuel); a second Mi'ut to include a Kohen Hedyot.

(d)

"ve'Lakach ha'Kohen Eitz Erez... " even a Kohen Hedyot (Shmuel); to require a Kohen (Rav).

(e)

"ve'Chibes Begadav ha'Kohen... " dressed as a Kohen.

(f)

"ve'Tamei ha'Kohen..." future Paros require Bigdei Kehunah.

1.

Question: According to the one who requires a Kohen Gadol for future Paros, need we be told this elementary requirement?!

2.

Answer: Yes, the Torah may spell out that which could be derived logically.

(g)

"ve'Asaf Ish Tahor...ve'Hiniach... Ish" - to permit a Zar; Tahor- to permit a woman; "ve'Hini'ach" - He who has Da'as Lehani'ach.

1.

The Mishnah cites a Machlokes regarding whether a Katan and a woman may be Mekadesh.

i.

(R. Yehudah): A Katan may and a woman may not.

ii.

(Rabanan): A woman may and a Katan may not.

2.

Question: What is the rationale for the Rabanan?

3.

Answer: The Pasuk links Aseifah to Kidush.

4.

Question: What will R. Yehudah do with that link?

5.

Answer: The plural "ve'Lakchu" comes to include the Katan.

6.

Question: Whence does R. Yehudah exclude a woman?

7.

Answer: The masculine form of "ve'Nasan".

8.

Question: How will the Rabanan understand this?

9.

Answer: "ve'Lakchu" and "ve'Nasan" teach the proper number of Kohanim to be involved.

(h)

"ve'Lakach Eizov...Ish" - excludes a woman and Tahor to include a Katan (Rabanan); "Ish"- to exclude a Kohen and "Tahor" to include a woman (R. Yehudah).

1.

Question: But the Beraisa teaches that a woman is excluded and R. Yehudah does not argue there?!

43b----------------------------------------43b

2.

Answer: Since we were taught that all of the Pesukim either maintain the previous position or rectify it, he must argue (since he cannot be maintaining).

(i)

"ve'Hizah ha'Tahor al ha'Tamei..." "ha'Tahor" implies one who would otherwise be considered Tamei (a T'vul Yom).

(j)

No consistent pattern could be found in the Pesukim (rather some are Motze Miyad and some are Mekayem).

2)

SHECHITAH B'ZAR

(a)

A Tana taught that a Parah may not be slaughtered by a Zar.

(b)

R. Yochanan discarded that teaching (and even that of his own Rebbi) and insisted that all Shechitah may be done by a Zar.

3)

THE SECOND VIDUI

(a)

Question: Why didn't he mention others (e.g. the Kohanim) in his first Vidui?

(b)

Answer: It is proper for a Zakai to atone for a Chayav.

4)

MISHNAH: KABALAH AND CHITUI

(a)

The blood is collected and given to one who (on the fourth row of the Heichal) stirs it to prevent coagulation.

(b)

He does Chitui from the inner ashes, and places them on the fourth row in the Azarah.

(c)

Differences between this Avodah and others during the year:

1.

Gold Machtah.

2.

It stayed in three Kavin (Machlokes what was done all year).

3.

Lighter Machtah.

4.

Longer handle.

5.

Redder gold.

6.

A Chafnayim-full more.

7.

Extra fine flour.

8.

Walking in the center of the Kevesh (Machlokes regarding the practice of the Kohen Gadol all year).

9.

Kidush from the gold Kiton (Machlokes regarding year- round practice of the Kohen Gadol).

10.

An additional Ma'arachah (three-way Machlokes regarding the actual number).

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