1)

MEASURE FOR MEASURE (cont.)

(a)

She put mascara on her eyes. Therefore, her eyes bulge out;

(b)

She braided her hair. Therefore, the Kohen unbraids her hair;

(c)

With her finger, she beckoned for him to come. Therefore, her fingernails fall off;

(d)

She girded herself with a ribbon. Therefore, the Kohen ties a Mitzri rope above her breasts;

(e)

She stuck out her thigh for him. Therefore, her thigh falls off;

(f)

She supported him on her stomach. Therefore, her stomach swells;

(g)

She fed him kingly delights. Therefore, her Korban is (barley, which is normally) animal food;

(h)

She gave him good wine to drink in elegant Kelim. Therefore, the Kohen gives her bitter water to drink in a lowly earthenware Kli;

(i)

She acted covertly. Therefore "He (Hash-m) who dwells hidden" turned His attention to punish her;

1.

"The eye of a Bo'el guards the night, saying, no eye will see me."

2.

Also, she acted covertly, therefore Hash-m publicized about her - "one who conceals his hateful deeds in darkness, his evil is revealed in the Tzibur."

2)

PUNISHMENT OF THE NATIONS

(a)

Question: Since "one by one makes a (big) sum" shows that every Perutah joins to make a big liability, why do we need "Kol Se'on So'en b'Ra'ash"?

(b)

Answer: This teaches that Hash-m punishes Midah k'Neged Midah.

(c)

Question: If so, why do we need "b'Sase'ah You send discipline"?

(d)

Answer: This teaches like Rav Chinena:

1.

Version #1 (Rav Chinena bar Papa): Hash-m does not punish a nation until it is worthy to be sent (for destruction) - "b'Sase'ah You send discipline."

(e)

Question: Rava taught that the three cups (in the wine-steward's dream) of punishment of Mitzrayim allude to one in Moshe's era, one in Pharaoh-Necho's era (when Nevuchadnetzar conquered Mitzrayim), and one that they will drink with the other nations.

1.

Suggestion: Perhaps the original Mitzriyim are gone, and new inhabitants of Mitzrayim suffer the latter two cups!

2.

Rejection (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): Minyamin, the Mitzri covert was my colleague, a Talmid of R. Akiva. He said 'I am a first generation Mitzri (convert). I married a first generation Mitzris. I will marry my son to a second generation Mitzris, so that my grandchildren will be permitted to marry Yisre'elim.' (I.e. there were still real Mitzriyim long after Moshe's era!)

(f)

Correction: Rather, R. Chinena taught that Hash-m does not punish a king until he is sent - "b'Sase'ah You send discipline."

(g)

Version #2 (Ameimar): R. Chinena expounded "I, Hash-m, did not repeat, and You, Bnei Yakov, I did not finish" - I did not strike a nation twice, and I did not finish off Bnei Yakov.

1.

"I will finish My arrows on them" - My arrows will finish, and they (Bnei Yisrael) will not be finished.

(h)

(Rav Hamnuna): Hash-m does not mete out punishment due to a person until his measure (of sin) is complete - "When his desire is filled, it will be harsh for him."

(i)

(R. Chinena bar Papa): "Tzadikim, exult (in song) in Hash-m; praise is Na'avah (fitting) for the straight" - we read this like Naveh Sehilah (they will praise Him about the dwellings they built);

1.

This refers to Moshe and David. Their enemies did not rule over (benefit from) the edifices of Moshe and David.

2.

David prepared the Beis ha'Mikdash. (When Bavel conquered, "its gates sank in the ground."

3.

Moshe erected the Mishkan. When the first Mikdash was built, the Mishkan was hidden, its planks, hooks, interior beams, pillars and sockets.

4.

Question: Where were they hidden?

5.

Answer (Rav Chisda): They were hidden under the tunnels of the Mikdash.

3)

SEEKING WHAT IS FORBIDDEN

(a)

(Beraisa): A Sotah put her eyes on what was not fitting for her. She did not get what she wanted, and she lost what she had;

1.

Anyone who seeks what is not fitting for him does not get what he wants, and loses what he had.

9b----------------------------------------9b

(b)

The serpent put its eyes on what was not fitting for it (Chavah). It did not get what it wanted, and it lost what it had;

1.

Hash-m intended that it would be king over the animals. Now, it is cursed more than all the animals;

2.

Hash-m intended that it would walk erect. Now, it goes on its belly;

3.

Hash-m intended that it would eat human food. Now, it eats soil;

4.

It intended to kill Adam and marry Chavah. Now, Hash-m put enmity between it and Chavah, and between its descendants and hers.

(c)

We also find that each of the following did not get what he wanted, and lost what he had - Kayin, Korach, Bilam, Doeg, Achitofel, Gechazi, Avshalom, Adoniyahu, Uziyahu, and Haman.

(d)

(Mishnah): She started to sin with her thigh...

(e)

Question: What is the source that her thigh is stricken first?

(f)

Answer: "Hash-m will make your thigh fall and your stomach swell."

(g)

Contradiction: It also says "her stomach will swell and her thigh will fall"!

(h)

Answer (Abaye): The thigh is cursed first. The limbs are stricken according to the order in which the water enters her, the stomach before the thigh.

(i)

Contradiction: Also regarding the curse it says "to make the stomach swell and the thigh fall"!

(j)

Answer: That is not the curse. Rather, the Kohen tells her in what order her limbs will be stricken, lest people say that the water did not kill her (if she did not die the way the Torah says).

4)

MIDAH K'NEGED MIDAH

(a)

(Mishnah): Shimshon went after his eyes, therefore, Pelishtim gouged out his eyes;

(b)

Avshalom was haughty about his hair, therefore he was hung by his hair;

1.

Because he had Bi'ah with 10 concubines of his father, 10 spears were cast into him;

2.

Because he deceived three hearts, i.e. his father's, Beis Din's, and Yisrael's, three staves were cast into his heart.

(c)

Hash-m also rewards measure for measure.

1.

Miryam waited a short time for Moshe (when he was put in the river). Therefore, all of Yisrael waited seven days for her (until her Tzara'as was cured).

2.

Yosef merited to bury his father, and he was the greatest of his brothers. He merited that Moshe engaged in his burial!

3.

Moshe merited to take Yosef's bones, and he was the greatest in Yisrael. He merited to be buried by Hash-m alone!

i.

Hash-m engages in the burial of all Tzadikim - "your righteousness will go before you, the honor of Hash-m will gather you."

(d)

(Gemara - Beraisa): Shimshon rebelled with his eyes - "take her (the Pelishti woman) for me, for she is straight in my eyes." Therefore, Pelishtim gouged out his eyes;

(e)

Question: "It was from Hash-m" (that he desired her)!

(f)

Answer: He chose the one who was nice in his eyes. (Maharsha - Hash-m led him in the path that he desired.)

(g)

(Beraisa - Rebbi): The beginning of Shimshon's downfall was in Azah, therefore he was stricken in Azah.

(h)

Question: He first took a Pelishti wife in Timnah!

(i)

Answer: The beginning of his downfall was in Azah. (Rashi - there, he had Bi'as Znus; Maharsha - his wife in Timnah converted.)

5)

SHIMSHON

(a)

(Beraisa - Rebbi): Delilah was fit to be called by her name. She Dildelah (uprooted) his strength, his heart, and his deeds.

1.

She uprooted his strength - "his strength left him."

2.

She uprooted his heart - "she saw that he had told her all his heart."

3.

She uprooted his deeds, for the Divine Presence left him - "he did not know that Hash-m had abandoned him."

(b)

Question: How did she know that he had told her all his heart?

(c)

Answer #1 (R. Chanin): Truth is recognizable.

(d)

Answer #2 (Abaye): Shimshon said "I am a Nazir Elokim" - she knew that a Tzadik would not say Hash-m's name in vain.

(e)

Question: "She pained him with her words every day, va'Te'altzehu" - what does this mean?

(f)

Answer (R. Yitzchak): She would separate from him during the marital act (at the moment when his desire was greatest).

(g)

Question #1: (The angel told Mano'ach's wife) "... do not eat anything Tamei" - what is this?

(h)

Question #2: Until now, did she eat Tamei food?

(i)

Answer to both questions (R. Yitzchak): He forbade her to eat things forbidden to a Nazir.

(j)

(R. Yitzchak): "Hash-m split the gum in the jaw" (and water came out for Shimshon to drink) - because Shimshon desired something Tamei (Pelishti women), Hash-m made his life dependent on something Tamei (a donkey).

(k)

(R. Chama b'Rebbi Chanina): "Va'Techal (began) the spirit of Hash-m" - Chalsah (took effect) the prophecy of Yakov "Dan (Shimshon's Shevet) will be a serpent on the road."

(l)

(R. Yitzchak): "Lifa'amo (to arouse him) in the camp of Dan" - the Divine Presence went before him like a clapper of a Pa'amon (bell);

1.

It says here "Lifa'amo", and it says about the Kohen Gadol's robe "Pa'amon v'Rimon."

(m)

(Rav Asi): "Between Tzor'ah and "Eshta'ol" - these are two great mountains. Shimshon uprooted them and ground them on each other.

(n)

(R. Chama b'Rebbi Chanina): "He Yachel (began) to save Yisrael" - the oath of Avimelech, "if you will lie to my child or grandchild", was Huchal (the Pelishtim profaned it).

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