[111a - 42 lines; 111b - 46 lines]

1a)[line 2]מחמץ אחר מחמץMECHAMETZ ACHAR MECHAMETZ

(a)There is a prohibition to cause the dough of Menachos (either the Kometz or the Shirayim, the part that the Kohanim eat) to become leavened, as it states, "Kol ha'Minchah... Lo Se'aseh Chametz" (Vayikra 2:11). An additional verse, "Lo Se'afeh Chametz" (Vayikra 6:10), specifically prohibits baking leavened Menachos.

(b)This extra verse is used to teach that once the dough of a Minchah offering is leavened, each and every subsequent process involved in preparing a baked Minchah offering is also prohibited ("Mechametz Achar Mechametz"). For example, if one person leavens the dough and another bakes it, they both transgress a Lav.

b)[line 3]מסרס אחר מסרסMESARES ACHAR MESARES

(a)It is prohibited to perform castration, as the Torah states, "[You shall not offer to HaSh-m an animal that has its testicles bruised or crushed, broken or cut;] neither shall you do this in your land" (Vayikra 22:24). A person who performs castration receives Malkus. (SEFER HA'CHINUCH #291)

(b)A person who adds to the mutilation of the genitals caused by another person is also liable to Malkus.

2a)[line 4]"ומעוך ...""U'MA'UCH ..."- "An animal whose testicles were crushed by hand ..."

b)[line 4]"וכתות ...""… V'CHASUS ..."- "... or with an instrument ..."

c)[line 4]"ונתוק ...""… V'NASUK ..."- "... or pulled loose (and completely detached from the body) ..."

d)[line 4]"... וכרות [לא תקריבו את לה' ובארצכם לא תעשו]""… V'CHARUS [LO SAKRIVU LA'HASH-M, UV'ARTZECHEM LO SA'ASU]"- "... or severed (but remaining in their sac) [you may not offer to HaSh-m, and you may not do such a thing to an animal in any land where you live.]" (Vayikra 22:24)

3)[line 8]ולרבי יוחנן בן ברוקאUL'REBBI YOCHANAN BEN BEROKA- that is, even though the prohibition of Sirus certainly does not apply to a woman, nevertheless it should be forbidden for her to drink this because it will prevent her from keeping the Mitzvah of Piryah v'Rivyah (Tosfos 110b DH v'ha'Tanya, 111a DH b'Zekeinah)

4a)[line 12]לא יגמע בהןLO YEGAME'A BAHEN- he may not sip [vinegar] through them

b)[line 13]מטבל הוא כדרכוMETABEL HU K'DARKO- he may dip his bread or food into vinegar as he normally does

5)[line 14]מתניוMOSNAV- his loins

6)[line 15]שמן וורדSHEMEN VERED- rose oil

7)[line 21]מעליMA'ALI- is beneficial as a cure

8)[line 23]קיוהא דפריKIYUHA D'PRI- wine that did not ferment properly

9)[line 23]חלאCHALA- vinegar

10)[line 25]מסיMASI- it cures

11)[line 26]מרפיMARPI- causes the gums to recede and the teeth to become loose

12)[line 32]דאית ליה הואילD'IS LEI HO'IL- Rava suggests the logic of "since." (That is, since an act is permitted during part of a Shabbos, it cannot be prohibited during the rest of Shabbos, or during Yom Kippur.)

13)[last line]מסוכרייא דנזייתאMESOCHRAYA D'NAZYASA- the cloth wrapped around the spigot of a barrel that aids in tightening the spigot into the hole of the barrel

111b----------------------------------------111b

14)[line 1]להדוקיהL'HADUKEI- to tighten [the spigot which inevitably squeezes the cloth plug]

15)[line 3]פסיק רישיה ולא ימותPSIK REISHEI V'LO YAMUS (DAVAR SHE'EINO MISKAVEN)

(a)A Davar she'Eino Miskaven is an act which is done for a certain purpose (which can be accomplished without transgressing an Isur Torah), but which may result in an Isur Torah being inadvertently performed. Rebbi Yehudah prohibits performing such an action, since it may result in an Isur Torah. Rebbi Shimon disagrees, claiming that even though an Isur Torah may result from this action, since the Isur Torah will come about without intent, the action is permitted.

(b)The laws of a Davar she'Eino Miskaven (that it is permitted according to Rebbi Shimon or forbidden according to Rebbi Yehudah) apply only when it is not inevitable that an Isur Torah will occur as a result of one's action. However, when an Isur Torah will definitely occur as a result of one's action, it is known as a Pesik Reshei and is forbidden (literally, "[can one] cut off the head [of an animal] and it will not die?!"). For example, if a person cut the head off of a chicken on Shabbos and states that he had no intention to kill the animal but he merely wanted its blood to feed to his dogs, it is considered as though he had full intention to kill the animal since it was an inevitable outcome of his act, and he is Chayav.

(c)A person must have specific intent to do a Melachah on Shabbos in order to be liable for punishment or to be required to bring a Korban. Therefore, if a person drags a bench and a furrow does result, even Rebbi Yehudah will agree that the person who dragged it is not obligated to bring a Korban, since the furrow was created accidentally. Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon argue only as to whether it is permitted in the first place to perform an action that may result in a Melachah.

16)[line 8]ארי שבחבורהARI SHEBA'CHABURAH- the "lion" in our group of scholars (the greatest scholar)

17)[line 9]תרגימנאTARGIMNA- have explained it

PEREK #15 V'ELU KESHARIM

18)[line 21]הגמליןGAMALIN- camel-drivers

19)[line 22]הספניןSAPANIN- sailors

20)[line 26]קטרא דקטרי בזממאKITRA D'KATREI B'ZEMAMA- the knot used to tie a longer rope to a piece of leather tied in a loop through a hole pierced in the nose of a camel

21)[line 26]קטרא דקטרי באיסטרידאKITRA D'KATREI B'ISTERIDA- the knot used to tie a longer rope to the short rope tied in a loop threaded through a hole in the prow of a boat

22)[line 28]קיטרא דזממא גופיהKITRA D'ZEMAMA GUFEI- the knot used to tie a leather rope to itself through a hole pierced in the nose of a camel

23)[line 30]עניבהANIVAH- a bow

24)[line 36]מפתח חלוקהMAFTE'ACH CHALUKAH- the straps that tie closed her cloak or dress

25)[line 37]חוטי סבכהCHUTEI SEVACHAH- the strings of her head covering (O.F. coife)

26)[line 37]פסקיאPESIKYA- a wide belt worn by women

27)[line 38]נודותNODOS- leather bottles

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