[80a - 47 lines; 80b - 47 lines]

*********************GIRSA SECTION*********************

We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach and the marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any other important corrections that Acharonim have pointed out in the Gemara, Rashi and Tosfos.

[1] Gemara 80a [line 40]:

"Zefes v'Gofris ... Nekev Katan" זפת וגפרית ... נקב קטן

The Bach (#3) erases these words, since Rashi is Gores the word "Katan" in the Mishnah, as we pointed out above in the Girsa section to 78b, #3. These words also do not appear in Dikdukei Sofrim #4.

[2] Gemara 80b [line 5]:

"she'Higi'u l'Firkan v'Lo Higi'u l'Shanim" שהגיעו לפרקן ולא הגיעו לשנים

The word "l'Shanim" לשנים does not appear in Dikdukei Sofrim #7, Rabeinu Chananel, Rashi, or Tosfos. It also does not appear in the Oxford manuscript and all early printings of the Gemara.

[3] Gemara 80b [line 30]:

The words "ked'Darash Rebbi Nechemyah l'Chavrei" כדדרש רבי נחמיה לחברי

should be "ked'Darash Chavrai" כדדרש חברי

(This is the Girsa in the Oxford manuscript. A similar Girsa is found in Dikdukei Sofrim #60 and in the early printings. The Maharshal emended the Girsa to read as it does in our printing of the Gemara.)

[4] Gemara 80b [line 31]:

The words "u'Machtei b'Andipi u'Mis" ומחתיה באנדיפי ומית

(a) should be "u'Machtei b'Andipei" ומחתיה באנדיפי (Dikdukei Sofrim #70)

(b) the word "u'Mis" does not appear in the early printings of the Gemara, Ein Yakov, or Rabeinu Chananel.

[5] Rashi 80b DH Shenasos [the second one] : ד"ה שנתות

The words "v'Iy Efshar b'Lashon Zeh" ואי אפשר בלשון זה

should be "v'Iy Efshi b'Lashon Zeh" ואי אפשי בלשון זה

[6] Rashi 80b DH Kilkulo Zehu Tikuno : ד"ה קלקולו זהו תקונו

The words "v'Rabosai Mefarshin Kilkulo Loven" ורבותי מפרשין קלקולו לובן

should be "v'Rabosai Mefarshin Kilkulo b'Loven" ורבותי מפרשין קלקולו בלובן

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1a)[line 2]דיוDEYO- dry ink

b)[line 2]קולמוסKULMUS- a stylus or quill

c)[line 2]קלמריןKALMARIN- an inkwell

2)[line 2]שתי אותיות בדיו ... בקולמוס ... בקלמרין 2SHTEI OSIYOS B'DEYO ... B'KULMUS ... B'KALMARIN- That is, no matter how he took out the ink into Reshus ha'Rabim, he is Chayav (RASHI); alt., each one has it own measure of ink to be Chayav — ink on a stylus is ready to be written with and has a smaller measure to be Chayav, whereas not all of the ink in an inkwell can be removed and it therefore has a larger measure to be Chayav (RAMBAM).

3)[line 12]קלטה כלבKALTAH KELEV- it was caught by a dog, i.e. as if he did no Hanachah on the first 1/2 Grogeres

4)[line 18]העבירה דרך עליהHE'EVIRAH DERECH ALEHA- he carried it over the first 1/2 Grogeres (without putting it down in Reshus ha'Rabim at all)

5)[line 28]פיסלאPISLA- a plank (which lies across Reshus ha'Rabim, separating it into two domains)

6)[line 36]עירניותIRANIYOS- village women

7)[line 40]קנה של ציידיןKANEH SHEL TZAYADIN- a pole which has a flat piece of wood on top of it that is spread with glue and used to catch birds

8)[line 46]כדי לסוד פיטפוט כירה קטנהKEDEI LASUD PITPUT KIRAH KETANAH- enough to plaster and fill in the holes of a tripod of a small stove

80b----------------------------------------80b

9)[line 5]הגיעו לפירקן ולא הגיעוHIGI'U L'FIRKAN V'LO HIGI'U- (a) they have at least two pubic hairs but are not yet twelve years old (and they want to remove their hairs) (RASHI); (b) they are of age to be married but have not yet found a husband (and they want to beautify themselves) (TOSFOS); (c) they are twelve years old but do not yet have signs of maturity (and they want to cause them to appear — the opposite of Rashi) (RABEINU CHANANEL)

10)[line 6]טופלות אותןTOFLOS OSAN- paste on them (on their skin)

11)[line 7]סולתSOLES- fine flour

12)[line 8]שמן המורSHEMEN HA'MOR- myrrh oil

13)[line 8]"[ובהגיע תר נערה ונערה לבוא אל המלך אחשורוש מקץ היות לה כדת הנשים שנים עשר חדש כי כן ימלאו ימי מרוקיהן] ששה חדשים בשמן המר [וששה חדשים בבשמים ובתמרוקי הנשים]""[UV'HAGI'A TOR NA'ARAH V'NA'ARAH LAVO EL HA'MELECH ACHASHVEROSH, MI'KETZ HEYOS LAH K'DAS HA'NASHIM SHNEIM ASAR CHODESH, KI CHEN YIMLE'U YEMEI MERUKEIHEN,] SHISHAH CHODASHIM B'SHEMEN HA'MOR [V'SHISHAH CHODASHIM BA'BESAMIM UV'SAMRUKEI HA'NASHIM.]" - "[Now when the turn of each maiden arrived to come to King Achashverosh, after she had completed her twelve-month make-up period that the women were allotted, for so were the days of her make-up period spent:] six months with myrrh oil [and six months with perfumes and with women's cosmetics.]" (Esther 2:12) (THE MAIDENS PREPARE FOR THEIR NIGHT WITH ACHASHVEROSH)

(a)After Achashverosh' anger against Vashti subsided, he remembered her beauty and longed for her. His courtiers therefore suggested that he appoint officers to gather all the good-looking virgins in his kingdom to the palace, where they were to be placed in the royal harem under the care of Hegai. They were to be given all the perfumery that they asked for, and to await their turn to be called before the king after a year's preparation.

(b)Whatever each maiden asked for to take with her to the king (such as games or music) was given to her. Once there, she would spend the night with the king, returning to the second harem the following morning, to the care of Shashgaz, the king's chamberlain. There she would remain indefinitely unless the king would call for her.

(c)When Esther's turn came to spend the night with the Achashverosh, she asked for nothing, taking with her only what Hegai, the king's chamberlain instructed her to take. Nevertheless, she found favor in the eyes of all who beheld her, not least of all Achashverosh, who was infatuated by her.

14)[line 10]סטכתSATKAS- oil prepared with spices (myrrh oil)

15)[line 13]משיר את השיערMESHIR ES HA'SEI'AR- it makes hair fall out

16)[line 13]מעדן הבשרME'ADEN HA'BASAR- rejuvenates the flesh

17)[line 15]אבר אברEVER EVER- limb by limb

18)[line 16]שבבותיהSHIVEVUSEI- his neighborhood

19)[line 18]בעיין בנתיה טפלאBE'AYAN BENASEI TEFALA- his daughters need paste for their skin

20)[line 21]צידעאTZID'A- temples

21)[line 21]בת צידעאBAS TZID'A- the sides of the upper jaw (sideburns)

22)[line 23]חבוטCHAVUT- watery plaster

23)[line 24]ביצת הסידBEITZAS HA'SID- clumps of plaster

24)[line 25]אנדיפאANDIFA- (a) an earthenware jug with two spouts. When it is filled, the lower spout is closed with plaster (RASHI); (b) the entire body (as in the case of the non-Jew who lived in Rav Bivi's neighborhood) (ARUCH)

25)[line 26]אנפרותANPAROS- waste

26)[line 26]שנתותSHENASOS- calibration markings in a measuring vessel

27)[line 27]אפותאAPUSA- forehead

28)[line 28]מעשה מרכבהMA'ASEH MERKAVAH- "The workings of the Heavenly Chariot" — a subject of Jewish mysticism

29)[line 29]ערעיתאARA'ISA- a wasp

30)[line 30]מחתיה באנדיפיMACHTEI B'ANDIFI- it stung him in the forehead

31)[line 31]חותם המרצופיןCHOSEM HA'MARTZUFIN- the seal of large bags used to load goods on ships

32)[line 31]האיגרותHA'IGAROS- letters

33a)[line 31]זבלZEVEL- dung

b)[line 32]לזבלL'ZABEL- to fertilize

34a)[line 32]קלח של כרובKELACH SHEL KERUV- a cabbage stalk

b)[line 33]כרישאKEREISHA- a leek; less dung or sand is needed to fertilize a leek than a cabbage stalk

35)[line 33]קנהKANEH- a reed

36)[line 33]קולמוסKULMUS- a stylus or quill

37)[line 34]מרוססMERUSAS- crushed, cracked

38)[line 34]טרופהTERUFAH- beaten

39)[line 35]אילפסILFAS- a pot, stew-pot

40)[line 35]פי כף של סיידיןPI KAF SHEL SAYADIN- the tip of a trowel

41)[line 38]טרכסידTEREACHSID- extra-strong plaster

42)[line 38]קילקולו זהו תיקונוKILKULO ZEHU TIKUNO- Chazal decreed that one should not plaster his house with extremely white plaster after the destruction of the Beis ha'Mikdash. Darkening the plaster by mixing in sand permits its use.

43)[line 39]קשרי אצבעותיוKISHREI ETZBE'OSAV- the knuckles

44a)[line 40]קשר העליוןKESHER HA'ELYON- the knuckles at the base of the fingers

b)[line 40]קשר התחתוןKESHER HA'TACHTON- the knuckles in the middle of the fingers

45)[line 42]צילצלאTZILTZELA- a small turtle dove

46)[line 42]ציפרתאTZIPARTA- a humming bird

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