Mishnah 1
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1)

1)

(a)The Mishnah forbids a person to eat on Erev Pesach Samuch le'Minchah until nightfall. The definition of ...

1. ... 'Samuch le'Minchah' is - half an hour before Minchah-time falls due.

2. ... 'Minchah' in this context is - nine and a half (seasonal) hours.

(b)The reason for the prohibition is - to ensure that one eats Matzah with an appetite (which is a Hidur Mitzvah [See Tos. Yom-Tov]).

(c)The significance of 'until nightfall' is - the fact that that is when the Mitzvah of eating Matzah falls due (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(a)The Mishnah forbids a person to eat on Erev Pesach Samuch le'Minchah until nightfall. What is the definition of ...

1. ... 'Samuch le'Minchah'?

2. ... 'Minchah' in this context?

(b)What is the reason for the prohibition?

(c)What is the significance of 'until nightfall'?

2)

(a)Why can the Tana not be referring to eating ...

1. ... bread?

2. ... Matzah?

(b)Then what is he referring to?

(c)Up until 'when' does the Tana forbid even a poor man to eat?

2)

(a)The Tana cannot be referring to eating ...

1. ... bread - because this is prohibited already from midday.

2. ... Matzah - because of the Yerushalmi, which compares someone who eats Matzah on Erev Pesach to a man who is intimate with his Kalah whilst she is still at home (i.e. before the Chupah).

(b)He must therefore be referring to - filling himself with other food.

(c)The Tana forbids even a poor man to eat - until he is leaning (at the Seider [just like a rich man; See Tos. Yom-Tov]) .

3)

(a)What must the Gabai Tzedakah give a poor man on Erev Pesach?

(b)What is the significance of four cups?

(c)The Tana concludes 'va'Afilu min ha'Tamchuy' (soup-kitchen). What is the definition of a poor man who takes from the Tamchuy?

(d)Why does the Mishnah mention it (See Tosfos Yom-Tov)?

3)

(a)The Gabai Tzedakah must give a poor man on Erev Pesach - no less than four cups of wine ...

(b)... corresponding to the four expressions of redemption (in Parshas Va'eira) "Vehotzeisi ... Vehitzalti ... Vega'alti ... Velakachti" (See Tiferes Yisrael).

(c)The Tana concludes 'va'Afilu min ha'Tamchuy' (soup-kitchen) - with reference to a poor man who does not even possess enough for two meals.

(d)The Mishnah mentions it - to teach us that even according to Rebbi Akiva, who maintains that it is better to make one's Shabbos like a weekday rather than to rely on Tzedakah, on Seider night one is obligated to accept four cups of wine (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 2
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4)

(a)From where do we know that the cup of wine that is used for Kidush is included in the four cups?

(b)Why, according to Beis Shamai, does the B'rachah of Kidush precede the B'rachah over the wine?

(c)And why do Beis Hillel give precedence to the B'rachah over the wine?

(d)What if one is reciting Kidush over bread (not on Pesach of course)?

4)

(a)We know that the cup of wine that is used for Kidush is included in the four cups - because the Mishnah refers to it as the first cup.

(b)According to Beis Shamai, the B'rachah of Kidush precedes the B'rachah over the wine - because Shabbos generally arrives before one brings wine to the table.

(c)Beis Hillel give precedence to the B'rachah over the wine - because if not for the wine, one would not be able to recite Kidush.

(d)And the same applies - if one is reciting Kidush over bread (not on Pesach of course).

Mishnah 3
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5)

(a)The Mishnah states 'Hevi'u lefanav, Metavel ba'Chazares (lettuce)'. What do they bring before him (the Balabos)?

(b)Why do they do that, seeing as one does not normally eat vegetables before the meal?

(c)Why does the Tana ...

1. ... use the word 'Metavel' (which means 'one dips')to describe eating (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

2. ... mention specifically lettuce? Is one not permitted to use other vegetables?

(d)How do we know that this dipping is not necessarily in Charoses?

(e)And what does the Tana mean when he writes 'ad she'Magi'a le'Parperes ha'Pas (to eat the Matzah)?

5)

(a)The Mishnah states 'Hevi'u lefanav, Metavel ba'Chazares (lettuce)' - with reference to the vegetables that they bring before him (the Balabos) ...

(b)... specifically before the meal - to encourage the children to ask why they are doing that, even though the meal has not yet begun.

(c)The Tana ...

1. ... uses the word 'Metavel' (which means 'one dips') to describe eating , because it was customary in those days to dip one's main food into condiments (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

2. ... mention specifically lettuce (even though all vegetables are eligible) - to teach us that one may even use lettuce if necessary.

(d)We know that this dipping is not necessarily in Charoses - since the Mishnah only mentions Charoses later, together with the other items on the Seider-Plate.

(e)And when the Tana writes 'ad she'Magi'a le'Parperes ha'Pas (to eat the Matzah), he means - that one does not eat anything else between the vegetables (Karpas) and the Matzah.

6)

(a)From which Pasuk in Beha'asloscha do we learn that eating Matzah ('Parperes ha'Pas' - See Tos. Yom-Tov) precedes eating Maror?

(b)Why would we have otherwise thought that Maror comes first?

(c)They would then bring before him Matzah, Maror and Charoses. What fourth item must be added to the list?

6)

(a)We learn that eating Matzah ('Parperes ha'Pas' - See Tos. Yom-Tov) precedes eating Maror from the Pasuk in Beha'asloscha - "al Matzos u'Merorim Yochluhu".

(b)Otherwise we would have thought that Maror comes first - since the B'rachah ('Borei P'ri ha'Adamah') that one recited over the vegetables covers the Maror too.

(c)They would then bring before him Matzah, Maror, Charoses - and two cooked items of food.

7)

(a)Besides various kinds of nuts (hazelnuts, pistachio and almonds) and various fruits, which two specific fruits did they use to prepare the Charoses?

(b)How did they prepare the above mixture?

(c)What do the long, thin sticks of 'Kaneh' and cinnamon that they then added represent?

(d)And what does the entire mixture represent?

7)

(a)Besides various kinds of nuts (hazelnuts, pistachio and almonds) and various fruits, the two specific fruits that they used to prepare the Charoses were - figs and apples (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)They pounded the above mixture into a thick paste ...

(c)The long, thin sticks of 'Kaneh' and cinnamon that they then added represent - the straw with which the Jewish slaves used to build ...

(d)... and the finished mixture - the cement.

8)

(a)If, according to the Tana Kama, the Charoses is not a Mitzvah, what purpose does it serve?

(b)On what grounds (besides the fact that it commemorates the cement) does Rebbi Eliezer b'Rebbi Tzadok consider it a Mitzvah (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

(c)What else did they bring before the Balabos in the time that the Beis-ha'Mikdash stood?

8)

(a)According to the Tana Kama, the Charoses is not a Mitzvah. In fact, its purpose is - to nullify the sharpness of the Maror.

(b)Rebbi Eliezer b'Rebbi Tzadok considers it a Mitzvah (See Tos. Yom-Tov) a. because it commemorates a. the cement and - b. the apple-trees underneath which the (righteous) women in Egypt used to give birth without pain (See also Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)When the Beis-ha'Mikdash stood, they would also bring before the Balabos - the body of the roasted Pesach.

Mishnah 4
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9)

(a)What happens after one has poured out the second cup of wine?

(b)We change the text of the Mishnah 've'Ka'an ha'Ben Sho'el' to 've'Chein ha'Ben Sho'el'. What does 've'Chein ha'Ben Sho'el' mean?

(c)What if the son is not sufficiently intelligent to ask on his own?

(d)Besides why we only eat Matzah on this night and why specifically Maror, which two additional questions does the Tana list?

9)

(a)After one has poured out the second cup of wine - the son asks the 'Mah Nishtanah'.

(b)We change the text of the Mishnah 've'Ka'n ha'Ben Sho'el' to 've'Chein ha'Ben Sho'el' - which means - that it is appropriate to ask the questions here (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)If the son is not sufficiently intelligent to ask on his own - then the father teaches him what to say.

(d)Besides why we only eat Matzah on this night and why specifically Maror, the Tana lists - why we eat specifically roasted meat (i.e. the Korban Pesach and the Chagigah [See Tos. Yom-Tov]) and why we dip in twice on this night (whereas on other nights we only dip in once (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

10)

(a)What criterion determines the father's answer?

(b)How does one begin to answer the son's questions?

(c)Which two issues does 'Maschil bi'Genus' incorporate?

(d)With what does one end (See Tiferes Yisrael)?

10)

(a)The father's answer depends on - the level of the son's intelligence.

(b)One begins to answer the son's questions - with Yisrael's shame ...

(c)... both the spiritual degradation ('Initially, our fathers were idolaters) and the physical ('Our fathers were slaves in Egypt).

(d)And one ends - with Yisrael's praise 'and now Hash-m has brought us close to His service [See Tiferes Yisrael]).

Mishnah 5
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11)

(a)What does the Tana mean when he says that whoever does not say these three things on Pesach has not fulfilled his obligation? What does he mean by 'says' (See Tos.Yom-Tov)?

(b)Does this mean that he must repeat the entire Seider?

(c)What are the three things?

(d)What is the reason for ...

1. ... the Korban Pesach?

2. ... Matzah?

3. ... Maror?

11)

(a)When the Tana says that whoever does not say these three things on Pesach has not fulfilled his obligation he means that - he has not explained their reasons (See Tos.Yom-Tov).

(b)This means (not that he must repeat the entire Seider, but) - that he has not fulfilled the Mitzvah of Hagadah properly.

(c)The three things are - Pesach (the Korban), Matzah and Maror.

(d)The reason for ...

1. ... the Korban Pesach is - to remind us that Hash-m passed over (Pasach [or took pity on]) the houses of our ancestors in Egypt when He went round Egypt killing all the Egyptian firstborn.

2. ... Matzah is - to remind us how Yisrael were driven out of Egypt in a hurry, and the dough that they were baking did not have time to rise (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

3. ... Maror - to remind us of the bitter times that our ancestors in Egypt suffered.

12)

(a)What does the Mishnah learn from the word "Li" (in the Pasuk in Bo "Ba'avur Zeh Asah Hash-m li be'Tzeisi mi'Mitzrayim")?

(b)What are we therefore obligated to do?

(c)How many expressions of praise does the Tana list?

(d)And he concludes with five phases of redemption and 'Halelukah': 'from slavery to freedom, from grief to joy and from mourning to Yom-Tov'. What are the other two?

12)

(a)The Mishnah learns from the word "Li" (in the Pasuk in Bo "Ba'avur Zeh Asah Hash-m li be'Tzeisi mi'Mitzrayim") - that we must consider ourselves as having gone out of Egypt.

(b)We are therefore obligated - to praise the One who performed miracles to us and to our ancestors.

(c)The Tana lists - nine expressions of praise (to thank, to praise, to laud, to glorify, to exalt, to honor, to bless, to uplift and to applaud).

(d)And he concludes with five phases of redemption and 'Halelukah': 'from slavery to freedom, from grief to joy and from mourning to Yom-Tov' - from darkness to a great light and from slavery to redemption.

Mishnah 6
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13)

(a)According to Beis Shamai, we then recite Hallel up to "Eim ha'Banim S'meichah". What do Beis Hillel say?

(b)How does the Tana describe the B'rachah that concludes this part of the Seider (Maggid)?

13)

(a)According to Beis Shamai, we then recite Hallel up to "Eim ha'Banim S'meichah". Beis Hillel say - up to "Chalamish le'Ma'yno Mayim" (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)The Tana describes the B'rachah that concludes this part of the Seider (Maggid) as - Ge'ulah'.

14)

(a)Rebbi Tarfon maintains that the B'rachah reads ' ... asher Ge'alanu ve'Ga'al es Avoseinu mi'Mitzrayim'. How does it conclude?

(b)What does Rebbi Akiva say? What is the gist of the prayer with which the B'rachah continues?

(c)What does the Tana mean by 'Zevachim'?

(d)How does one then conclude?

14)

(a)Rebbi Tarfon maintains that the B'rachah reads ' ... asher Ge'alanu ve'Ga'al es Avoseinu mi'Mitzrayim' (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - which is the conclusion of the B'rachah.

(b)According to Rebbi Akiva - one continues with a request that we experience other Yamim-Tovim, that the Beis-ha'Mikdash is rebuilt, that we rejoice in the Avodah and that we eat there from 'the Zevachim and the Pesachim'.

(c)By 'Zevachim', the Tana means - the Korban Chagigah.

(d)And one then concludes - 'Baruch ... Ga'al Yisrael'.

Mishnah 7
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15)

(a)What follows the pouring out of the third cup of wine?

(b)What does one do next?

(c)According to the Mishnah, what does one recite 'over the fourth cup'?

(d)According to some, 'Birchas ha'Shir' refers to 'Nishmas'. What do others say?

(e)What do we do?

15)

(a)After pouring out of the third cup of wine - one recites Birchas ha'Mazon.

(b)Next - one pours out the fourth cup ...

(c)... over which one recites - 'Birchas ha'Shir'.

(d)According to some, 'Birchas ha'Shir' refers to 'Nishmas'; according to others - it is 'Yehalelucha' (after Hallel [See Tos. Yom Tov]).

(e)We therefore recite both.

16)

(a)What does the Tana say about drinking wine between the first cups (See Tosfos Yom-Tov) of wine?

(b)Why does he then prohibit drinking between the third and fourth cups?

(c)What difference does it make, seeing as one has drunk as much as one wants during the meal?

16)

(a)The Tana - permits drinking wine between the first cups of wine (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 'Bein ha'Kosos' & 'Bein Shelishi la'Revi'i').

(b)He prohibits drinking between the third and fourth cups however - to avoid becoming inebriated and omitting Hallel.

(c)Granted, one has already drunk as much as one wants during the meal - but wine that one drinks during the meal does not inebriate (See Tiferes Yisrael).

Mishnah 8
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17)

(a)The Mishnah states 've'Ein Maftirin Achar ha'Pesach Afikoman'. Besides 'One does not open one's mouth to say', What else might 'Ein Maftirin' mean?

(b)According to one interpretation, the word 'Afikoman' is the acronym for 'Afiku Manaichu'. What is the Mishnah then coming to teach us?

(c)What is the reason for the prohibition?

17)

(a)The Mishnah states 've'Ein Maftirin Achar ha'Pesach Afikoman'. Besides 'One does not open one's mouth to say', 'Ein Maftirin' might mean that - one does not take leave (of the meal).

(b)According to one interpretation, the word 'Afikoman' is the acronym for 'Afiku Manaichu' (Take out your Keilim), and the Mishnah is coming to teach us - that one is not permitted to take all one's eating vessels and to continue eating somewhere else (neither Matzah nor anything else) ...

(c)... in case one comes to eat the Korban Pesach in two places, which is prohibitted.

18)

(a)Others say that 'Afikoman' is the acronym of 'Afiku Minei (Mesikah). What does this mean?

(b)Why did the Chachamim forbid it?

(c)What are the ramifications of this ruling nowadays?

(d)What is the practical difference between the two explanations?

18)

(a)Others say that 'Afikoman' is the acronym of 'Afiku Minei (Mesikah) - meaning 'Take out sweet dishes [dessert]) ...

(b)Which the Chachamim forbade - so that the taste of the Pesach remains in one's mouth.

(c)The ramifications of this ruling are - that nowadays, one may not eat anything after the Afikoman).

(d)According to the first explanation - one is permitted to eat after the Afikoman, provided one eats it in the same location as the meal; whereas according to the second explanation, it is forbidden.

19)

(a)What distinction does the Tana Kama draw between where some members of the group fall asleep whilst eating the Korban Pesach and where they all do?

(b)What is the reason for the Chumra?

(c)What is its source?

(d)What are the ramifications of this ruling nowadays?

19)

(a)The Tana Kama rules that if some of the group fall asleep whilst eating the Korban Pesach - they may continue eating the Korban Pesach, but not if they all do ...

(b)... because it looks as if they are eating the Korban Pesach in two locations, which is forbidden.

(c)This ruling is merely - a Chumra mi'de'Rabbanan.

(d)Nowadays - the same will apply to the Mitzvah of Afikoman.

20)

(a)To which of the Tana Kama's rulings is Rebbi Yossi referring when he differentiates between whether they merely dozed of or whether they fell asleep? Is he adding a leniency to his ruling or a stringency?

(b)Like whom is the Halachah?

20)

(a)When Rebbi Yossi differentiates between whether they merely dozed off or whether they fell asleep (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - he is qualifying the Reisha of the Tana Kama, forbidding anybody who falls asleep from continuing eating when he wakes up.

(b)The Halachah is - like Rebbi Yossi.

Mishnah 9
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21)

(a)What do we learn from the Gezeirah-Shavah "ba'Laylah ha'Zeh" ("ve'Achlu es ha'Basar ba'Laylah ha'Zeh") "ba'Laylah ha'Zeh" ("ve'Avarti be'Eretz Mitzrayim ba'Laylah ha'Zeh" [both in Bo])? (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)Which decree does the Mishnah add to the Din Torah of Nosar?

(c)What did Chazal see fit to initiate it?

(d)To which other Torah P'sul besides Nosar did they add the same Din Tum'ah?

21)

(a)We learn from the Gezeirah-Shavah "ba'Laylah ha'Zeh" ("ve'Achlu es ha'Basar ba'Laylah ha'Zeh") "ba'Laylah ha'Zeh" ("ve'Avarti be'Eretz Mitzrayim ba'Laylah ha'Zeh" [both in Bo]) - that the Korban Pesach after midnight becomes 'Nosar' (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)To the Din Torah of Nosar, the Mishnah adds - that it is also Metamei the hands.

(c)Chazal saw fit to initiate it - so that people will be careful to eat one's Pesach before midnight.

(d)Besides Nosar, they added the same Din Tum'ah - to Pigul (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

22)

(a)What B'rachah does one recite over eating the Korban ...

1. ... Pesach?

2. ... Zevach? What does Zevach mean?

(b)What distinction does Rebbi Yishmael draw between the B'rachah over the Pesach covering the B'rachah of the Zevach and that of the Zevach covering that of the Pesach?

(c)What does Rebbi Akiva say?

22)

(a)The B'rachah that one recites over eating the Korban ...

1. ... Pesach is - ' ... Le'echol ha'Pesach'.

2. ... Zevach (the Chagigah of the fourteenth) - 'Le'echol ha'Zevach'.

(b)Rebbi Yishmael rules that - whereas the B'rachah over the Pesach covers the B'rachah of the Zevach, the B'rachah over the Zevach does not cover that of the Pesach.

(c)According to Rebbi Akiva - neither B'rachah covers the other.

23)

(a)The Machlokes between Rebbi Yishmael and Rebbi Akiva is connected with the Zerikas or the Shefichas ha'Dam (See Tos. Yom-Tov). What does one do with the blood of ...

1. ... the Pesach?

2. ... the Zevach?

(b)Rebbi Yishmael holds 'Zerikah bi'Chelal Shefichah, ve'Ein Shefichah bi'Chelal Zevichah'. What does this mean?

(c)What does Rebbi Akiva then hold?

(d)Like whom is the Halachah?

23)

(a)The Machlokes between Rebbi Yishmael and Rebbi Akiva is connected with the Zerikas or the Shefichas ha'Dam (See Tos. Yom-Tov). The blood of ...

1. ... the Pesach - is poured on to the foot of the Mizbe'ach, from where it falls on to the Y'sod (the foundation [like B'chor and Ma'aser Beheimah]).

2. ... the Zevach - is sprinkled on the north-eastern and south-western corners.

(b)Rebbi Yishmael holds 'Zerikah bi'Chelal Shefichah, ve'Ein Shefichah bi'Chelal Zevichah' - meaning that whereas pouring incorporates sprinkling (if one pours instead of sprinkling, one is Yotzei), sprinkling does not incorporate pouring (if one sprinkles instead of pouring, one is not).

(c)Whereas Rebbi Akiva holds - that neither one incorporates the other.

(d)The Halachah is - like Rebbi Akiva.

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