NEDARIM 78 (25 Av) - Dedicated by Rabbi Dr. Eli Turkel of Raanana, l'Iluy Nishmas his mother, Golda bas Chaim Yitzchak Ozer (Mrs. Gisela Turkel) who passed away on 25 Av 5760. Mrs. Turkel accepted Hashem's Gezeiros with love; may she be a Melitzas Yosher for her offspring and for all of Klal Yisrael.

NEDARIM 78 (1 Adar II) - dedicated in memory of Mordecai (Marcus) ben Elimelech Shmuel Kornfeld, who perished in the Holocaust along with most of his family. His Yahrzeit is observed on 1 Adar. May his death and the deaths of the other Kedoshim of the Holocaust atone for the sins of Klal Yisrael like Korbanos.

[78a - 31 lines; 78b - 16 lines]

1)[line 6]בשחוטי חוץSHECHUTEI CHUTZ

The Torah obligates a person to bring all Kodshim that are fit to be offered as sacrifices to the Beis ha'Mikdash, as it states in Vayikra 17:1-7. Besides the Mitzvas Aseh, there is a Lav prohibiting their slaughter outside of the Azarah (Shechutei Chutz). The punishment for transgressing this is Kares (SEFER HA'CHINUCH Mitzvah #186).

2)[line 22]המליקהMELIKAH

(a)Birds that were brought as Korbanos were not slaughtered from the neck. Instead, the Kohen performed Melikah by cutting the back of the neck of the bird with his right thumbnail, making sure to cut both Simanim (the trachea and the esophagus) of the Olas ha'Of or one Siman (either one) of the Chatas ha'Of. When performing Melikah on the Chatas ha'Of he would make sure not to sever the entire neck of the bird.

(b)The Kohanim ate the meat of the Chatas ha'Of. If Melikah is done to a bird that is not a Korban, the bird becomes a Neveilah and is forbidden to eat.

3)[line 26]שבת בראשיתSHABBOS BEREISHIS- Shabbos [which is a commemoration] of Creation

4)[last line]והא מסיטרא כתיבאV'HA MI'SITRA KESIVAH- But it (the section dealing with vows) is written at the side of (i.e. immediately after) the section of festivals!


5)[line 6]השותק על מנת למיקטHA'SHOSEK AL MENAS L'MEIKAT- a man who remains silent when he hears his wife's vow in order to vex her [by making her think that he will endorse it, while he actually intends to eventually annul it]