NEDARIM 22 (28 Sivan) - dedicated to the memory of Hagaon Rav Yisroel Zev (ben Rav Avrohom Tzvi) Gustman, ZT'L, Rosh Yeshiva of Yeshivas Netzach Yisrael-Ramailes (in Vilna, Brooklyn, and then Yerushalayim), author of Kuntresei Shi'urim, and renowned Dayan in pre-war and post-war Vilna, in honor of his Yahrzeit (28 Sivan). Dedicated by Talmidim who merited to study under him in Yerushalayim: Harav Eliezer Stern and Harav Zalman Stern of Brooklyn NY, Rav Avraham Feldman, Yechiel Wachtel, Michoel Starr and Dr. Yehoshua Daniel of Yerushalayim.
NEDARIM 22 - Dedicated by Yeshayahu Schmidt and family of Clifton, NJ. May the Zechus of teaching Torah to many thousands assure them good health and the fulfillment all of their material needs, allowing them to continue dedicating their energy to Torah and Mitzvos and to merit unlimited Berachah in this world and the next!

[22a - 40 lines; 22b - 38 lines]

1)[line 1]חמאתCHAMA'AS- she (the mother) saw

2)[line 1]מילין דעזיבהMILIN D'AZIVAH- things that she (the daughter) should have refrained from doing

3)[line 2]בכדי לא אדרתהBI'CHEDI LO ADARTAH- she would not have made a Neder against her for nothing

4)[line 5]דפתחין פינקסך וממשמשין בעובדךD'FASCHIN PINKASECH U'MEMASHMESHIN B'OVDECH- that [in Heaven] they open your tablet (i.e. your records) and check your deeds

5)[line 7]"... ואחר נדרים לבקר""... V'ACHAR NEDARIM L'VAKER"- "[It is a trap for a man to rashly declare, 'It is holy,'] and to inquire only after making his vows" (Mishlei 20:25) - The Gemara interprets the second phrase in this verse as, "and makings vows will cause [the Heavenly Court] to inquire."

6)[line 9]בהדא אחרנייתאB'HADA ACHARANAISA- with this other one (as follows)

7)[line 11]"יש בוטה כמדקרות חרב""YESH BOTEH K'MADKEROS CHEREV..."- "There is one who speaks like the stabs of a sword, but the tongue of the wise brings healing" (Mishlei 12:18).

8)[line 15]במהBAMAH

(a)A Bamah is a raised area used for sacrifices. Before the Beis ha'Mikdash was built (when the Mishkan was not in use), there were times when it was permitted to offer sacrifices on public altars (Bamas Tzibur or Bamah Gedolah) and private altars (Bamas Yachid) (see Insights to Pesachim 91:2).

(b)BAMAS TZIBUR: Only one public altar was in use at any particular time. At various times in our history, the Bamas Tzibur was in Gilgal (where the Mishkan stood before the land was completely conquered, until it was moved to Shiloh), Nov and Giv'on (after the Mishkan in Shiloh was destroyed, see Zevachim 112b). An individual could offer only voluntary sacrifices on a Bamas Tzibur. There is a difference of opinion among the Tana'im as to whether all communal sacrifices could be offered on a Bamas Tzibur or only the communal sacrifices that have a fixed time (Zevachim 117a).

(c)BAMAS YACHID: Any person, even if he was not a Kohen, could build a Bamas Yachid anywhere in Eretz Yisrael and offer upon it his personal sacrifices. Only voluntary sacrifices were allowed to be offered on a Bamas Yachid.

9)[line 26]"שם רשעים חדלו רוגז...""SHAM RESHA'IM CHADLU ROGEZ..."- "There the wicked cease from troubling; [and there the weary are at rest]" (Iyov 3:16).

10)[line 33]"כל פעל ה' למענהו וגם רשע ליום רעה""KOL PA'AL HASH-M LA'MA'ANEIHU, V'GAM RASHA L'YOM RA'AH"- "HaSh-m has made all things for Himself; even the wicked for the day of evil" (Mishlei 16:4).

11)[line 34]שהתחתוניותSHE'TACHTONIYUS- piles

12)[line 34]"ונתן ה' לך שם לב רגז וכליון עינים ודאבון נפש""... V'NASAN HASH-M LECHA SHAM LEV RAGAZ V'CHILYON EINAYIM V'DA'AVON NEFESH"- "[And among these nations shall you find no ease, neither shall the sole of your foot have rest;] but HaSh-m shall give you there a trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind" (Devarim 28:65).

13)[line 36]במיסקיהB'MEISKEI- when he went up

14)[line 36]איתלוו ליהISLAVU LEI- joined with him

15)[line 37]בני חוזאיBENEI CHOZA'EI- [people from] Mechoza, a district of Bavel on the caravan road, along the Tigris River and its canals

16)[line 37]יאות עבדיYA'US AVDI?- Did I do a good thing?

17)[line 38]אין ופרע ליה בית השחיטהIN, U'FERA LEI BEIS HA'SHECHITAH- yes, and cut open his neck (in the place where an animal is slaughtered)

18)[line 39]אחזיקי ידי עוברי עבירהACHZIKEI YEDEI OVREI AVEIRAH?- [Did] I aid and abet sinners [by justifying him]?

19)[line 39]נפשך הצלתNAFSHACH HITZALTA!- You saved your life!


20)[line 3]"רשע כגובה אפו בל ידרוש...""RASHA, K'GOVAH APO, BAL YIDROSH..."- "The wicked, through the arrogance of his countenance, [thinks,] 'He will not seek out;' all his thoughts are, 'There is no HaSh-m'" (Tehilim 10:4).

21)[line 5]משכח תלמודוMESHAKE'ACH TALMUDO- he forgets his Torah learning

22)[line 6]"וכסיל יפרוש אולת""... U'CHESIL YIFROS IVELES"- "[In everything a prudent man acts with knowledge;] but a fool lays bare his folly" (Mishlei 13:16).

23)[line 12]שערכה של ארץ ישראל הואSHE'ARACHAH SHEL ERETZ YISRA'EL HU- since it contains important facts about Eretz Yisrael, such as the names of cities and the boundaries

24)[line 13]"כי ברוב חכמה רב כעס...""KI V'ROV CHOCHMAH ROV KA'AS..."- "For in much wisdom there is much anger; [and he that increases knowledge increases pain]" (Koheles 1:18) - The fact that much wisdom of the prophets was written shows that HaSh-m was angry with Bnei Yisrael (RAN).

25)[line 18]נדרת במוהיNADART B'MOHI- if you had made your Shevu'ah (oath) with a Kinuy (an expression, see Background to Nedarim 2:1:c) for a Shevu'ah, such as Noder b'Mohi, which is a Kinuy for a Shevu'ah (a) using a corrupted form of the Aramaic word for Shevu'ah, "Momasa" (RAMBAM, MEFARESH to Nedarim 10a); (b) using a corrupted form of the name "Moshe" [Rabeinu] (RAN ibid.)

26)[line 19]מזדקיקנא לךMIZDAKEKINA LACH- I would have attended to [the annulment of the Shevu'ah for] you

27)[line 22]לטעום מר מידיLIT'OM MAR MIDI- please master, have something to eat (lit. taste something)

28)[line 22]מרי כולא לא טעימנא ליהMAREI KOLA, LO TA'IMNA LEI- [I take an oath by] the Master of Everything, I will not eat anything of yours

29)[line 28]פותחין בחרטהPOSCHIN B'CHARATAH

(a)When an adult makes a Neder (or designates Chalah, Terumah, or Kodshim) or Nezirus, and he regrets having made the Neder, he may have it revoked by a Beis Din of three (if they are not outstanding authorities) or a Yachid Mumcheh (an outstanding authority). The general method used is that Beis Din investigates whether the person would not have made the Neder in the first place had he been aware of a particular fact. This investigation provides the person with a "Pesach" (opening) with which the Beis Din can revoke the Neder.

(b)If there are no facts that the person who made the Neder was not aware of but, nevertheless, he now regrets making the Neder, there is a Machlokes Tana'im as to whether the fact that the person regrets having made the Neder ("Charatah") is enough of a Pesach to allow the Neder to be annulled. The Halachah follows the opinion that Charatah is a valid Pesach in and of itself.

30)[line 29]משתבח ליה רבא לרב נחמן ברב סחורהMISHTABE'ACH LEI RAVA L'RAV NACHMAN B'RAV SECHORAH- Rava praised Rav Sechorah as a great person/Talmid Chacham in front of Rav Nachman

31)[line 34]זיל לקילעךZIL L'KIL'ACH- (a) go [home] to the porch of your house (RAN); (b) go [back] to your inn (ROSH)

32)[line 35]שיבור לו האדםSHE'YAVOR LO HA'ADAM- that a man should select for himself