1)

KORBANOS FOR NEZIRUS THAT WAS ANNULLED

(a)

Question: Who is the Tana of the following Beraisa?

1.

(Beraisa): If a woman accepted Nezirus and became Teme'ah and her husband annulled her Nezirus, she brings Chatas ha'Of (a bird), but not Olas ha'Of.

(b)

Answer (Rav Chisda): It is R. Yishmael.

(c)

Question: What is R. Yishmael's opinion about a husband's annulment?

1.

If it uproots the vow retroactively, even Chatas ha'Of should not be needed;

2.

If it uproots the vow from the time of annulment and onwards, she should also need to bring Olas ha'Of!

(d)

Answer: He holds that it uproots the vow retroactively. She brings Chatas ha'Of because he holds like R. Elazar ha'Kapar:

1.

(Beraisa - R. Elazar ha'Kapar b'Ribi) Question: "Me'Asher Chata Al ha'Nefesh" - regarding which soul did he sin?

2.

Answer: He sinned against his own soul, by denying himself wine.

i.

If one is called a sinner for denying himself wine, all the more so one who (fasts and) denies himself all food is called a sinner!

(e)

Question: The verse discusses a Tamei Nazir, but we say that R. Elazar ha'Kapar calls even a Tahor Nazir a sinner!

(f)

Answer: Indeed, also a Tahor Nazir sins. The verse was written regarding a Tamei Nazir, since he (repeats Nezirus and) sins twice.

2)

WHEN DOES TUM'AH CANCEL DAYS?

(a)

(Mishnah): If he left and entered (the cemetery), the days count.

(b)

Question: Do the days count just because he left?!

(c)

Answer: (Shmuel): He left, was sprinkled on (with water mixed with ashes of the red heifer on days three and seven), and immersed.

(d)

Question: The Mishnah connotes that the days count because he re-entered the cemetery. Can we say that if he did not re-enter, the days would not count?!

(e)

Answer: The Mishnah teaches an even bigger Chidush:

1.

Not only if he left the cemetery, but even if he re-enters, the days count.

(f)

Rav Kahana and Rav Asi (to Rav): Why didn't you explain this to us?

(g)

Rav: I thought that you did not need me to explain the Mishnah.

(h)

(Mishnah): R. Eliezer says, if he re-entered on the same day, the day is not Batel. "The first days will fall" connotes that there must be (at least two) first days.

(i)

(Ula): R. Eliezer said only this regarding a Tamei who accepted Nezirus, but if a Tahor Nazir became Tamei, even on the first day, the day is Batel.

19b----------------------------------------19b

(j)

(Rava): R. Eliezer learns from "Ki Tamei Nizro" - because he accepted Nezirus in Tum'ah.

(k)

Question (Abaye - Beraisa) Suggestion: If one said 'I am a Nazir for 100 days', and he became Tamei at the beginning, perhaps the first day should be wiped out!

1.

Rejection: "The first days will fall" - there must be days. This man has only one first day.

2.

Suggestion: If he became Tamei on day 100, perhaps this cancels the days he counted!

3.

Rejection: "The first days will fall" implies that there are last days. This man has only one last day.

4.

Suggestion: If he became Tamei on day 99, perhaps the days he counted are not cancelled!

5.

Rejection: "The first days will fall" implies that there are last days. This man has first and last days.

6.

You cannot say that he was Tamei when he accepted Nezirus, since it says 'he became Tamei.' Still, Tum'ah on the first day does not cancel, for we require first days.

(l)

Ula is refuted.

(m)

Question (Rav Papa): Does 'the first days' mean that two days have passed, and the third day has begun?

1.

Or, one day has passed, the second day has begun?

(n)

Abaye was unable to answer.

(o)

Answer (Rava): It says "They will fall" (even partial days; Rashi (first Perush) - two full days).

(p)

The Torah needed to write "days" and "will fall (plural)":

1.

Had it written only "days", one might have thought that two days have passed, and the third has begun;

2.

Had it written only "will fall", one might have thought that this refers to even one day.

3)

NEZIRUS IN CHUTZ LA'ARETZ

(a)

(Mishnah - Beis Shamai): If one accepted a long Nezirus in Chutz la'Aretz, completed it and came to Eretz Yisrael, he must conduct 30 more days of Nezirus;

(b)

Beis Hillel say, he starts the entire Nezirus from the beginning;

1.

A case occurred in which Queen Hilni accepted to be a Nezirah for seven years if her son will return safely from war. He did. At the end of the seven years, she came up to Eretz Yisrael. Beis Hillel ruled that she must be a Nezirah for seven more years.

2.

At the end of those seven years, she became Teme'ah, and had to fulfill seven more years, a total of 21 years of Nezirus.

(c)

R. Yehudah says, she was a Nezirah for only 14 years.

(d)

(Gemara - Mishnah): Beis Shamai say that he must conduct 30 more days of Nezirus; Beis Hillel say that he starts the entire Nezirus from the beginning.

(e)

Suggestion: Beis Shamai hold that Tum'ah was decreed on the soil of Chutz la'Aretz, and Beis Hillel hold that anything in the airspace of Chutz la'Aretz is Tamei. (Since Beis Hillel are more stringent about Tum'ah, they are more stringent about Nezirus also. Tosfos' text - Beis Shamai hold that the air of Chutz la'Aretz is Tamei, and Beis Hillel hold that the soil is Tamei. Since Beis Hillel's decree resembles Tum'ah mid'Oraisa, they require the Nazir to act as if he became Tamei mid'Oraisa.)

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