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PESACHIM 51 (4 Elul) - Dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas Chaim Yisachar (ben Yaakov) Smulewitz of Cleveland on his Yahrzeit, by his daughter and son in law, Jeri & Eli Turkel of Raanana, Israel.
PESACHIM 51 - Dedicated by Dr. Alain Bitton of Geneva, Switzerland, towards a Refu'ah Sheleimah for his mother, Rina bat Fibi, and in memory of his aunt, Mazal bat Freha, who passed away on 7 Adar.


1. The Gemara discusses things that are essentially permitted, but in a certain place are treated as forbidden.
2. The Gemara relates incidents in which righteous people did not realize that a practice was forbidden in a certain place.
3. The Gemara explains the circumstances under which the reaction of these righteous people (#2) is appropriate.
4. The Gemara discusses with whom one may and may not bathe in the same bath (i.e. Mikvah).
5. The Gemara discusses the Mishnah's statements regarding the effect of traveling on Jewish customs.


1. The Gemara says that one should not tell everyone in that place that what they believe is forbidden is actually permitted, because this will lead them to permit things that are indeed forbidden.
2. When people criticized them for engaging in these "forbidden" practices, and they realized that these people genuinely thought that such permitted practices are forbidden, they did not respond by saying that the practices are really permitted. Rather, they just said that they did not realize that these practices were forbidden.
3. If a place is populated mainly by Kusim or by people who are not Torah scholars, one should not tell them that their stringent practice is in fact permitted. However, if the people there are generally Torah scholars, one may say to them that this practice is actually permitted.
4. One may bathe with everyone except his father, father-in-law, stepfather, Rebbi, and brother-in-law. However, one may bathe with his father or Rebbi if they need his assistance.
5. The Mishnah says that if one goes from a place where they perform work on Erev Pesach to a place where they do not perform work on Erev Pesach, he must observe the stringency of his current location. By avoiding working, he also avoids controversy with the Jews of his current location.

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