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PESACHIM 12-15 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the sixth Yahrzeit of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rebbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study, which was so important to him, during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.


1. Rava explains the dispute between Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Yehudah regarding witnesses who err regarding the time.
2. The Gemara discusses the seven basic questions that witnesses must answer, and the in-depth questions that they must answer.
3. The Gemara explains why one may not eat Chametz during the fifth hour of the day on Erev Pesach.
4. The Gemara discusses the time at which people generally eat each day, and how this tells us about them.
5. Torah scholars wait to eat a regular meal until the sixth hour of the day.


1. Rebbi Meir says that a person may think that the time of an event is slightly less than two hours less/more than when it actually happened. Rebbi Yehudah says that a person may even err up to three hours and his testimony is still valid.
2. The Gemara quotes the Mishnah in Sanhedrin which says that the testimony of a witness who does not know the answer to any of the basic questions is invalid. If he does not know the answer to any other questions, his testimony is valid.
3. It might be a cloudy day and people will not realize that it is the sixth hour, and they will eat Chametz thinking that it is still the fifth hour.
4. People who eat in the first hour of the day are like cannibals who cannot wait to eat. Normal people eat in the fourth hour.
5. However, it is good for them to eat a small meal of bread in the morning, known as "Pas Shacharis."

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