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1. All parts of a Korban Olah combine to form an amount that obligates one who offers it outside the Beis ha'Mikdash.
2. The Mishnah discusses the case of a person who does many different Toldos of one Av Melachah on many different Shabbosos, without realizing between those Shabbosos that what he was doing was wrong.
3. There are two issues that determine the answer to this question (see #2).
4. Rabah and Rav Chisda disagree about why he did not realize that what he was doing was wrong (see #2).
5. The Gemara explains the positions of Rabah and Rav Chisda (see #4) at length.
A BIT MORE
1. Since the meat of an Olah is also burned on the Mizbe'ach, it combines with the fat as well as with the accompanying wine, flour, and oil brought with it, to form a k'Zayis for which one is obligated for offering outside the Beis ha'Mikdash.
2. Rebbi Akiva asked Rebbi Eliezer whether such a person must bring multiple Korbanos or whether he must bring only one. Rebbi Eliezer answered that he must bring multiple Korbanos, while Rebbi Akiva was of the opinion that he brings only one.
3. One issue is whether the multiple Toldos are considered like two different Melachos, necessitating two Korbanos, or like one Melachah. The second issue is whether the very arrival of the weekdays is considered as though he realized between each Shabbos that his act was wrong (and this realization causes him to bring at least one Korban for each Shabbos on which he sinned).
4. Rabah: He kept forgetting that these Melachos were forbidden on Shabbos. Rav Chisda: He kept forgetting that it was Shabbos.
5. Rabah says that Rebbi Akiva knew that the weekdays between each Shabbos cause each Shabbos to be viewed separately. Rav Chisda says that Rebbi Akiva knew that if, each Shabbos, the person forgot that these Melachos were forbidden, it would cause each Shabbos to be viewed separately.
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