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1. The Mishnah says that if a person's firstborn children are twin boys, he must give five Sela'im to the Kohen, since he certainly must redeem one of them.
2. If the father of the twin boys died before the boys were thirty days old, there is a dispute about whether there is an obligation to redeem the firstborn.
3. Rebbi Yirmeyah: If two partners named Yosi ben Shimon own a field, and one of them owes someone money, the creditor may seize half the field.
4. The Mishnah states that a lender may not collect his debt from an ordinary guarantor.
5. There are many cases in which there is a doubt about who is the firstborn.
A BIT MORE
1. However, if one of them dies within thirty days, the father does not have to give the Kohen any money as long as it is unclear which was born first. Similarly, if a boy and girl were born, he does not have to give any money to the Kohen.
2. Rebbi Meir: If the estate was already divided between the two sons, there is no longer an obligation to pay the five Sela'im to the Kohen. Rebbi Yehudah: The estate is obligated to pay the five Sela'im. Even if the estate was divided, each son must pay two and a half Sela'im to the Kohen.
3. This is the law despite the fact that each partner claims he is not the Yosi ben Shimon who owes the money.
4. Rava explains that this means that the lender cannot collect from the guarantor unless he has exhausted all possibility of collecting from the borrower.
5. The cases of the Mishnah are relevant to the rules discussed previously, such as a father's exemption from paying the Kohen when it is unclear if he really had a firstborn son.
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