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1. The Gemara concludes that Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel agree on what one should do in order to be allowed to eat meat after eating dairy.
2. The Gemara discusses how long one must wait to eat dairy after eating meat.
3. The Gemara describes the importance of a field owner to personally supervise his fields.
4. The Gemara discusses the laws of washing hands before eating bread, and before reciting Birkas Ha’Mazon.
5. The Gemara explains why one is obligated to wash before reciting Birkas Ha’Mazon.


1. He should wash his hands and eat something that can clean his mouth from any dairy remnants. He is then permitted to eat meat immediately. The Gemara proceeds to discuss how one should clean his mouth.
2. Mar Ukva relates that while his father would wait twenty four hours after eating meat before eating dairy, he himself only waited until the next meal. There is an argument among the commentaries regarding the exact amount of time meant by "until the next meal" (see Tosfos).
3. While he does not have to do this all day, Shmuel emphasized that a person should do this at least once a day (Shmuel’s father did so twice a day), as it will certainly prevent monetary loss. Other Amoraim who owned fields emulated Shmuel, and indeed prevented monetary loss by doing so.
4. It calls the former Mayim Rishonim, and the latter Mayim Acharonim. It also mentions the optional washing between courses, known as Mayim Emtzaim ("the middle waters").
5. This is because they used to use a type of salt during the meal known as Sedom salt, which can be blinding if it comes in contact with one’s eyes. Therefore, Mayim Acharonim was instituted in order to avoid the possibility of any residual salt touching the eyes.

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