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|ZEVACHIM 115 (25 Av) - Dedicated by Rabbi Dr. Eli Turkel of Raanana, l'Iluy Nishmas his mother, Golda bas Chaim Yitzchak Ozer (Mrs. Gisela Turkel) who passed away on 25 Av 5760. Mrs. Turkel accepted Hashem's Gezeiros with love; may she be a Melitzas Yosher for her offspring and for all of Klal Yisrael.|
1. A Korban Pesach which was offered before midday on Erev Pesach and which was slaughtered Lishmah is Pasul. If it was slaughtered she'Lo Lishmah, it is valid.
2. Rebbi Eliezer says that an Asham that is offered she'Lo Lishmah is Pasul, like a Chatas offered she'Lo Lishmah.
3. One who offers outside the Azarah an animal less than eight days old which was sanctified as an Olah or a Chatas, or a Chatas which the owner is not yet fit to bring, is not liable.
4. Rav Dimi says that if one slaughters his Asham and offers it she'Lo Lishmah outside the Azarah before he is fit to bring it, he is liable. If he slaughters it Lishmah, he is not liable.
5. Rav Huna says that if a person who is obligated to bring an Asham designated two animals for his Asham in the event that one becomes lost, and he slaughters one of them outside the Azarah l'Shem Olah before the time to bring the Asham arrives, he is liable.
6. If one offers any of the following outside the Azarah, he is not liable: the flesh of a Korban other than an Olah, the remainder of a Minchas Omer, Shtei ha'Lechem, Lechem ha'Panim, or of a Minchah.
7. One who performs any of the following acts outside the Azarah is not liable: he pours or mixes oil, crumbles a Minchah, pours salt, performs Tenufah or Hagashah, sets up the Shulchan, cleans out the Neros, does Kemitzah of a Minchah, or receives the blood of a Korban.
8. Before the Mishkan was erected, Bamos were permitted and the Avodah was done by the Bechoros, according to Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah. According to Rebbi, the Avodah was done by Nadav and Avihu from the time that Bnei Yisrael reached Har Sinai.
9. Before the Mishkan was erected, one was permitted to bring all types of Kosher animals and birds as a Korban, even if it was a Ba'al Mum.
10. According to Rebbi Yishmael, the general principles of the Mitzvos were given at Har Sinai, but the details of the Mitzvos were not given until later, in the Ohel Mo'ed. Rebbi Akiva says that also the details were given at Har Sinai, and then they were repeated in the Ohel Mo'ed and in Arvos Mo'av.
A BIT MORE
1. A Korban Pesach offered on the morning of Erev Pesach becomes a Shelamim. Therefore, if it is offered l'Shem Pesach it is Pasul, and if it is offered l'Shem Shelamim it is valid.
2. However, if one slaughters a Chatas or an Asham outside the Azarah she'Lo Lishmah, he is liable according to Rebbi Eliezer, even though it would have been Pasul had it been offered she'Lo Lishmah in the Azarah. If it was brought in the Azarah Stam (with no specific intent), it is valid. Since it was fit to be offered until it was slaughtered (she'Lo Lishmah), it is considered a valid Korban.
3. For example, the Chatas of a Zav, Zavah, Yoledes, or Metzora who have not yet completed their count of days of purity, is not fit to be offered, and thus one is not liable for offering it outside the Azarah. In contrast, if they offer their Olah outside the Azarah, they are liable, even before the time to bring the Olah, because an Olah may be brought at any time as a Nedavah.
4. He is not liable if he slaughtered it Lishmah because it is not fit to be offered inside the Azarah. If he slaughtered it l'Shem Olah, he is liable, since an Olah is fit to be brought at any time.
5. Rav Ashi disagrees with Rav Dimi who says that if one slaughters his Asham l'Shem Olah outside the Azarah before he is fit to bring his Asham, he is liable. However, in this case, once the owner fulfills his obligation with the first Asham, the second Asham is sent out to graze. If, after it is sent out to graze, it is slaughtered Stam (with no specific intent), it is considered an Olah. Therefore, if one slaughters it l'Shem Olah even before the owner is fit to bring his Korban, he is liable.
6. Since all of these items are eaten and are not placed on the Mizbe'ach, one is not liable for offering them outside the Azarah.
7. Since these are not final Melachos, one is not liable for doing the Avodah outside of the Azarah.
8. When the Torah says that Hashem forbid the "Kohanim" from ascending Har Sinai at the time of Matan Torah, it refers to the Bechoros, according to Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah. According to Rebbi, it refers to Nadav and Avihu.
9. A Nochri, even nowadays, may bring a Korban on a Bamah and he may bring any type of animal, even if it is a Ba'al Mum, unless it is missing a limb.
10. According to Rebbi Yishmael, the Olos offered at Har Sinai did not require Hefshet and Nitu'ach, since these laws had not yet been given. According to Rebbi Akiva, the details of the Mitzvos had already been given, and therefore the laws of Hefshet and Nitu'ach applied.
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