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AVODAH ZARAH 41
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AVODAH ZARAH 41 (10 Adar) - Dedicated by Shaul Yonah Markeluk of Buenos Aires L'iluy Nishmat his father, Itzjak ben Yaacov Markeluk Z'L (whose Yahrzeit is on 10 Adar), and for the Hatzlachah of his family and all of Klal Yisrael.

SUMMARY

1. Everyone agrees that it is forbidden to derive benefit from the statue of a king which is situated in a small town.
 
2. According to Rebbi Meir, it is forbidden to derive benefit from the statue of a king which is situated in a large city. The Chachamim disagree.
 
3. The Chachamim agree that it is forbidden to derive benefit from a statue which is gripping in its hand a staff, bird, ball, sword, crown or ring.
 
4. According to Raban Shimon ben Gamliel, it is forbidden to derive benefit from a statue which is gripping anything at all in its hand.
 
5. It is permitted to derive benefit from a broken statute of Nochrim.
 
6. There is a disagreement about whether it is permitted to derive benefit from a broken Avodah Zarah of Nochrim.
 
7. It is forbidden to derive benefit from a hand or a foot which broke off from an Avodah Zarah, because it is significant enough to be worshipped as an Avodah Zarah by itself.
 
8. If a Talmid Chacham died and left a basket full of produce, it may be assumed that the Terumos and Ma'aseros were already separated.
 
9. A person may feed produce to his animal without separating Ma'aser if he brought it into the house before removing the chaff.

A BIT MORE

1. A statue would not be put up in a small town unless it was for Avodah Zarah.
 
2. According to Rebbi Meir, all statues are forbidden because of a minority of statues which are worshipped as Avodah Zarah. The Chachamim are not concerned for a minority.
 
3. If a statue is gripping any one of these items it indicates that its purpose is to be worshipped as Avodah Zarah.
 
4. Even if the statue is gripping a pebble or a toothpick, it is forbidden. However, if the statue is gripping human waste in its hand, it is a Safek if it is forbidden.
 
5. Rebbi Meir maintains that a statue is forbidden while it is intact. However, since it is only a Safek if it was worshipped as Avodah Zarah, once it is broken it is permitted because it is a Sfek Sfeika. Perhaps it was not worshipped as Avodah Zarah, and even if was worshipped, perhaps the Nochri nullified it and that is why he broke it.
 
6. According to Rebbi Yochanan, it is forbidden. Reish Lakish and Shmuel maintain that it is permitted. Once it breaks, the Nochri no longer worships it, because he loses belief in its powers when he sees that it cannot even save itself.
 
7. Shmuel explains that the hand or foot is on a special base which was made for it. Although Shmuel maintains that a broken Avodah Zarah is permitted, nevertheless since the hand or foot was placed on a base it is apparent that the Nochri intends to worship it as an Avodah Zarah.
 
8. There is a Chazakah that a Talmid Chacham does not allow produce that has not been tithed out of his hand.
 
9. When a person piles up his grain in the field after the threshing, it is the Gemar Melachah for Ma'aser. When he subsequently brings the produce into the house, he is no longer permitted to feed the produce to his animals without first separating Ma'aser. However, if the grain was never threshed, and thus the process of the Gemar Melachah was skipped, he is permitted to feed the produce to his animals even after it is brought into the house. Even if the Gemar Melachah was done in the house, there is no Chiyuv Ma'aser Min ha'Torah.

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