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1. The direction that the Keruvim faced depended on whether Bnei Yisrael were keeping the Torah.
2. The Mishnah discusses the case of a person who owns a well that is in someone else's property.
3. The Mishnah explains that both the homeowner and the well-owner must have a lock on the well.
4. If a person has a field and the public has already acquired a path through his field, he may not stop them from accessing this path.
5. If the person gives them a different path and insists they do not use the old path, the public acquires both paths.
A BIT MORE
1. If they were keeping the Torah, the Keruvim faced each other (symbolizing a positive relationship between Bnei Yisrael and Hashem). If they were not keeping the Torah properly, they faced away from each other, towards the wall.
2. He may demand access only at an hour when people are normally going in and out of their property. He may not bring his cow into the house of the homeowner in order to drink from the well, but he may fill a bucket of water in order to bring it to the cow.
3. The well-owner has a special lock to ensure that the homeowner does not steal his water. The homeowner has a lock, and only he may possess the key to this lock, in order to ascertain that the well-owner does not enter the house too often and become overly friendly with his wife.
4. This applies only when the public acquired this path in a permitted fashion.
5. If a person sells a path to the public and does not specify the width, he must give them a path that is 16 Amos wide.
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