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1. A husband inherits only his wife's possessions at the time of her death, not her right to inherit from her relatives (that right is passed on to her children or closest of kin other than her husband).
2. "Cherem" and "Hekdesh" are two very different things.
3. A son inherits before a daughter in every type of inheritance.
4. When there is an argument among heirs regarding the inheritance, Beis Din may not judge the case at night.
5. A Beraisa states a similar law, but quotes the source as the verse, "the law of judgment."
A BIT MORE
1. Accordingly, if a wife dies and then her father dies, her husband does not take her place in inheriting her father. However, if her father died before she died, he does inherit that property (since she received it from her father first).
2. If a person pledges that his property is Hekdesh, he is pledging that it should go to the upkeep of the Beis ha'Mikdash. If he pledges that his property is Cherem, he is basically giving it to the Kohanim.
3. In other words, whether it is their father, father's father, or a brother, whenever the inheritance falls to their branch of the family the son comes first.
4. This is derived from the verse, "on the day he will cause his sons to inherit," implying that this type of dispute must be resolved only during the day (like all monetary judgments in Beis Din which may be resolved only during the day).
5. However, both verses are needed. "On the day" refers to a son inheriting his father, and "the law of judgment" includes all other cases as well.
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