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GITIN 7

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SUMMARY

When a person asks on Erev Shabbos regarding the Ma'aser, Eruv Chatzeiros and Hadlakas Neiros he should do so in a pleasant manner. (1)
 
A person should not project excessive fear to his family because an Adam Gadol did so and they tried to feed him Eiver Min ha'Chai as a result.
 
Hashem Yisbarach does not allow even the animals of Tzadikim to stumble into an Aveirah.
 
Even if a Rasha is causing someone distress one should not put him in the hands of the authorities. (2)
 
To play music or sing at a festivity is forbidden.
 
If somebody is angry or has a monetary complaint on his friend and he keeps silent Hashem Yisbarach will implement the Din for him.
 
When Aspasyanus brought his army on Yerushalayim the Chachamim decreed that crowns for Chasanim and that an Irus (a musical instrument) are forbidden.
 
If a person sees that his Mezonos are lacking he should give some of them to Tzedakah. (3)
 
Anyone who shears off some of his property and gives Tzedakah from it will be saved from the Din of Gehinom.
 
Even a poor person who is supported by Tzedakah must give Tzedakah. (4)
 
Someone who is traveling from Ako to Keziv, the land on his right is Chutz la'Aretz and on his left is Eretz Yisrael. (5)
 
It is a Machlokes Tana'im regarding a Get that is brought on a boat from one place to another in Eretz Yisrael whether the Shali'ach must say B'Fanai Nichtav. (6)
 
The Tana Kama says that if dirt from Chutz la'Aretz is brought on a boat in Eretz Yisrael the produce that grows on the boat is Chayav in Ma'aser and Shevi'is.
 
Rebbi Yehudah says that the produce that grows on the boat is only Chayav in Ma'aser and Shevi'is if the boat touches the ground.

A BIT MORE

1. By asking in a pleasant manner his family will be more willing to accept his words.
 
2. By going early and staying late in the Beis Midrash the Resha'im will be disbanded.
 
3. If one has plenty of Mezonos he should certainly give Tzedakah.
 
4. If he does so he will no longer be a poor person.
 
5. Although Ako is the on the northern border of Eretz Yisrael there is a strip of land to the north from Ako to Keziv that is also part of Eretz Yisrael.
 
6. According to Rebbi Yehudah a boat in Eretz Yisrael that does not touch the ground has the status of Chutz la'Aretz and the Shali'ach must say B'Fanai Nichtav. According to the Chachamim a boat in Eretz Yisrael has the status of Eretz Yisrael and the Shali'ach does not have to say B'Fanai Nichtav.

BRIEF INSIGHT

BORDERS OF ERETZ YISRAEL
 
Rabah Bar Bar Chanah says that when a person asks on Erev Shabbos before dark if the Ma'aser was separated and if the Eruv Chatzeiros was made he should ask in a pleasant manner so that they will listen to him. R. Ashi said that he didn't hear this statement of Rabah Bar Bar Chanah but he did anyway out of his own logic. The Maharsha asks that the statement of Rabah Bar Bar Chanah in the first place is out of his own logic! The Maharsha answers that the logic of Rabah Bar Bar Chanah is that by talking in a pleasant matter his words will be listened to. The logic of R. Ashi however is that it is proper that a person should always speak in a pleasant fashion irrespective of whether his words will be listened to or not.

QUICK HALACHAH

MATNOS ANIYIM
 
If an Ani comes to asks for his needs to be filled and the giver is unable to give him everything that he needs he should give as much as he can afford. How much should he give? Up to a fifth of his holdings is a Mitzvah Min ha'Muvchar, one tenth is a Midah Beinoni, less than that is an Ayin Ra'ah. A person should never give less than a third of a Shekel a year and if one does give less than that he did not fulfill the Mitzvah. Even a poor person who is supported by Tzedakah is obligated to give Tzedakah to someone else. (Rambam Hilchos Matnos Aniyim 7:5)

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