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GITIN 62

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SUMMARY

One may not separate Chalah for an Am ha'Aretz if the dough has already been made because it is already Tamei.
 
One may make the dough for an Am ha'Aretz and separate the Chalah and place the dough in flat wooden utensils (that are not Mekabel Tum'ah). (1)
 
We allow the Am ha'Aretz to take the Chalah in the utensils with the warning that if he touches the Chalah it will go back to being Tevel.
 
One may not separate Terumah from the olives of an Am ha'Aretz that have already been processed by the Am ha'Aretz because they are Tamei.
 
One may process the olives of the Am ha'Aretz and separate Terumah and place the Terumah in utensils that are not Mekabel Tum'ah. (2)
 
We allow the Am ha'Aretz to take the Terumah with a warning that it will go back to Tevel if he touches it.
 
It is forbidden to hoe together with a Nochri on Shevi'is and it is forbidden to greet him with a double greeting of Shalom.
 
It is permitted to give encouragement to a Nochri who is working the land on Shevi'is.
 
It is forbidden to enter the house of a Nochri on their holiday to greet him, but if one sees him in the Shuk he may greet him apathetically.
 
Talmidei Chachamim are referred to as Kings.
 
It is proper to greet a King with a double greeting of Shalom.
 
It is forbidden to eat before giving food to one's animals.
 
If a husband instructs a Shali'ach to Hiskabel or Holech a Get to his wife he may retract the Shelichus. (3)
 
If a wife instructs a Shali'ach to Hiskabel a Get once the Get reaches his hand she no longer may retract his Shelichus. (4)
 
If the husband tells the Shali'ach Kabalah of the wife that I do not want you to be Mekabel it for her and instead I want you to bring it to her, the husband may retract. (5)
 
R. Shimon Ben Gamliel says that if the wife tells the Shali'ach to Tol the Get he is a Shali'ach Kabalah and she may not retract the Shelichus once the Get reaches his hand.
 
A man may be a Shali'ach Kabalah because a father can accept a Get for his daughter who is a Ketanah.
 
The five women who are not believed to testify that a woman's husband died are believed to bring a Get and testify B'Fanai Nichtav. (6)
 
A woman may be a Shali'ach to bring her own Get and testify B'Fanai Nichtav.
 
If a wife appoints a Shali'ach to bring her the Get and the Shali'ach lies to the husband and says that he is a Shali'ach Kabalah and the husband says take it as she stated, the Get is not valid even when it reaches her hand.

A BIT MORE

1. Although there is still a concern that the Am ha'Aretz will touch the Chalah the Chachamim permit this for the sake of the livelihood of the dough maker who is a Chaver (person who is Shomer Taharah).
 
2. We place the Terumah in utensils made out of stone dung or earth because these utensils are not Mekabel Tum'ah. Although there is a still a concern that the Am ha'Aretz will touch the Terumah it is permitted for the sake of the livelihood of the olive processor who is a Chaver.
 
3. Because a Get is a Chov for the wife and one may not be a Shali'ach for someone when it is for his detriment, therefore he is a Shali'ach only for the husband and not for the wife.
 
4. Since the wife appointed the Shali'ach the hand of the Shali'ach is like her hand and she is immediately divorced when the Shali'ach receives the Get.
 
5. Since he is no longer the Shali'ach of the wife and instead he is the Shali'ach of the husband the husband may retract the Shelichus until the Get reaches the hand of the wife.
 
6. A mother-in- law, daughter of a mother-in- law, a Tzarah, wife of a brother and daughter of the husband are considered to be enemies of the wife and are not believed if they testify that the husband died because they may be lying and are trying to cause her to be prohibited on her husband.

BRIEF INSIGHT

GREETING A NOCHRI
 
The Gemara says that certain Amora'im were Makdim Shalom (greeted them with Shalom) to Nochris. Why did they make a point of being Makdim them Shalom? The Ran says that it is the custom that when one greets you with Shalom that you greet him in return with a double greeting of Shalom. The reason for this custom may be because it is a Chesed to greet someone with Shalom and the Gra says that when one returns a Chesed he should do so with a greater Chesed than he received. If he only returns the exact Chesed that he received it is not regarded as a Chesed and rather it is regarded as Emes. Since it is forbidden to greet a Nochri with a double greeting of Shalom the Amora'im made sure to greet them first.

QUICK HALACHAH

A NOCHRI ON SHEVI'IS
 
It is permitted to encourage a Nochri on Shevi'is, but only verbally. For example if you see him plowing or planting on Shevi'is you may say to him Tischazak or Tatzli'ach or some other similar kind of encouragement because they are not prohibited from working on the land on Shevi'is. However it if forbidden to lend him a hand with his work on Shevi'is. (Rambam Hilchos Shemitah v'Yovel 8:8)

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