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YEVAMOS 87

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YEVAMOS 87 - Dedicated in memory of Max (Meir Menachem ben Shlomo ha'Levi) Turkel, by his children Eddie and Lawrence and his wife Jean Turkel/Rafalowicz. Max was a warm and loving husband and father and is missed dearly by his family and friends. His Yahrzeit is 5 Teves.

SUMMARY

A Bas Kohen who is widowed from a Yisrael may not go back to eating Terumah if she has a child from him. (1)
 
A widow of a Kohen marries a Levi and bears a child from him. If she is widowed again and her child from the Levi dies, she may eat Terumah. (2)
 
A Bas Kohen who is widowed from a non-Kohen goes back to eating Terumah, but not the Chazeh v'Shok.
 
As soon as the father gives over his daughter to the agents of the husband, he no longer may annul her vows. (3)
 
A widow of a Kohen who goes back to eating Terumah after the death of her son from a non-Kohen may eat the Chazeh v'Shok.
 
A Bas Kohen who is pregnant from a Yisrael, or is a Shomeres Yavam to a Yisrael, may not eat Terumah.
 
The Mitzvah of Yibum applies to a Yevamah who has a child from a previous marriage, but not to a Yevamah who is pregnant.
 
The Mitzvah of Yibum does not apply to a Yevamah who lost her child after the death of her husband. (4)
 
A woman may remarry on the basis of the testimony of one witness that her husband died. (5)
 
If a woman remarries on the basis of the testimony of two witnesses that her husband died, she may return to her original husband if he is found to be alive.
 
If a woman remarries on the basis of the testimony of one witness, she is exempt from having to bring a Korban if her husband is found to be alive.
 
If a woman is Mezanah after one witness testifies that her husband died, she must bring a Korban if her husband is found to be alive. (6)
 
A woman may remarry on the basis of the testimony of one woman who heard the testimony from a servant.
 
A witness testifies that a person ate Chelev. If the person denies it, he is exempt, but if he is silent, he must bring a Korban.
 
If two witnesses testify that a person ate Chelev and he denies it, he is Patur. Rebbi Meir says that he is Chayav. (7)

A BIT MORE

1. If she subsequently marries a Levi, she may eat Ma'aser. If she is widowed from him, she may continue to eat Ma'aser if she has a son from him. If she subsequently marries a Kohen, she may eat Terumah. If she is widowed from him and she has a son from him, she may continue eating Terumah. If the son from the Kohen dies, she no longer may eat Terumah. If the son from the Levi dies, she no longer may eat Ma'aser. If the son from the Yisrael dies, she goes back to eating Terumah.
 
2. She may eat Terumah since she has a child from a Kohen and no longer has a child from a non-Kohen.
 
3. Even if the husband dies right away, the father does not get back his rights to annul her vows, since he gave over his daughter for the purpose of matrimony.
 
4. This is derived from the verse that says about the Torah, "Its ways are pleasant, and all of its paths are peace." If a Yevamah who was originally exempt from Yibum would have to do Chalitzah in the event that her child dies, it would cause friction between herself and her new husband.
 
5. If her husband is found to be alive, the woman must get divorced from both her former husband and her present one, and any child that will she will have with either one of them will be a Mamzer, and she does not receive the Kesuvah from either one of them. She loses all of the benefits of the Kesuvah from both of them. If she is a Bas Kohen, she becomes Pasul to Kehunah. If one of the husbands dies before giving her a Get, she must do Chalitzah but not Yibum.
 
6. The Heter of Beis Din allows her to get remarried but not to be Mezanah.
 
7. Rebbi Meir says if that two witnesses can cause a person to be punished with Misah, they certainly can obligate a person to bring a Korban.

BRIEF INSIGHT

THE CHAZEH V'SHOK
 
The Gemara says that a Bas Kohen who is widowed from a non-Kohen goes back to eating Terumah but not the Chazeh v'Shok. The Minchas Chinuch says that it is not only the Chazeh v'Shok that she may not eat but all Kodshim Kalim as well are forbidden. May she eat from the Lachmei Todah that are given to the Kohen? The Gemara in Menachos has a doubt that perhaps the laws of Terumah apply to the Lachmei Todah (for example, the law that someone who is Tamei who eats it is Chayav Misah). Accordingly, perhaps a Bas Kohen who is widowed from a non-Kohen may eat the Lachmei Todah since she may eat Terumah. The Minchas Chinuch concludes that she may not eat the Kohen's portion of the Lachmei Todah because the Safek of the Gemara applies only to giving it the stringencies of Terumah, not the leniencies.

QUICK HALACHAH

A WIDOWED BAS KOHEN
 
A Bas Kohen who marries a Yisrael is forbidden forever to eat the Chazeh v'Shok, even if she is widowed or divorced. In contrast, she may eat Terumah if she is divorced or widowed from the Yisrael and does not have a child from him. (Rambam, Hilchos Terumah 6:7-8)
 
However, if the Bas Kohen does eat the Chazeh v'Shok after she is widowed from the Yisrael, she is not Chayav Misah. (Radvaz)

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