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Rebbi says that if the place that the shoes are kept under the bed is untidy, or if there are other similar suspicions regarding a wife's conduct with a specific man, then if she marries that man after her husband divorced her she may not stay married to him. (1)
If the rumors about the wife's conduct were contradicted by other rumors, the Halachah follows Rav that if the wife marries that man, she may stay with him. However, if the rumors spread for a day and a half without any contradictory rumors, the Halachah follows Rebbi that she may not stay with that man. (2)
If a husband divorces his wife as a result of vows that she made or because of suspicious rumors about her behavior, he may never remarry her. If he does remarry her, Rabah bar Nachman says that he must divorce her. (3)
If an agent brings a woman her Get from overseas and he testifies that the Get was written and signed before him, he may not subsequently marry that woman. (4)
If a man testifies that a woman's husband died or that he murdered him by himself or with a group, he may not marry that woman.
Rebbi Yehudah says that if a man testifies that he murdered the husband, his testimony is not reliable. If, however, he testifies that he was together with the murderers but did not participate in the murder, his testimony is valid.
If someone is an agent to bring a Get to a woman from one place to another in Eretz Yisrael, the agent may marry the woman. This is because the Beis Din permits her to remarry on the basis of the Get and not because of anything he said.
Rav Yosef: If a man testifies together with a second witness that he was raped by another man, his testimony is valid. However, if he testifies that he was a willing participant, his testimony is not accepted because he is not believed to make himself into a Rasha. Rava: Even if he says that he was a willing participant, he is believed, because although he is a relative to himself and is not believed to make himself a Rasha, he is believed with regard to the other person.
Rav Menasheh: A person who is an outright thief is an invalid witness and may not even testify that a woman's husband died. A person who is a thief only mid'Rabanan is permitted to testify that a woman's husband died. Rav Yosef: Even a person who is an outright thief is permitted to testify that a woman's husband died, because the Rabanan were lenient regarding testimony to release a woman from being an Agunah.
If a Chacham refuses to release a wife from her vow and the husband subsequently divorces her, the Chacham may not marry her, because it may lead to suspicion that he refused to release her vow because he wanted to marry her.
If a woman does Mi'un or Chalitzah in front of a Beis Din, a member of the Beis Din may marry her.
A witness who signed a Get or a purchase contract may marry the woman or buy the item that was purchased with that contract.
If the Chacham, or an agent who brought a Get, marries the woman who made the vow, or who received the Get, there is a dispute between Rav Kahana and Rav Ashi whether he must divorce her.
A BIT MORE
1. Even though nobody witnessed any foul play, she is still forbidden to stay with that man since the suspicions are very strong.
2. If the rumors are sporadic, or if the woman has any enemies who might be the source of the rumors, the rumors are not regarded as credible. However, if the rumors are sporadic for the reason that the people who were spreading the rumors were intimidated into silence, the rumors are regarded as credible.
3. The reason why he may not remarry her is that since he divorced her only as a result of her vows or because of the rumors, she may subsequently find a release for her vows or he may find out that the rumors were unsubstantiated. Consequently, he may regret divorcing her and he may claim that the divorce he gave her is invalid. If, in the meantime, she marries someone else, it will turn out that her children from the second husband are illegitimate.
4. If he marries her, it may lead to suspicion that his testimony is false and that he testified only for the purpose of marrying her.
5. Only if the Chacham is an expert and releases vows on his own are there grounds for suspicion. If he releases vows only as part of a Beis Din, there are no grounds for suspicion.
6. Since a contract and a Get must be signed by two people, we do not suspect that the signature is invalid and that he signed only because he wanted to marry her or buy the item.
MI'UN OR CHALITZAH IN FRONT OF A BEIS DIN
The Mishnah says that if a woman does Mi'un or Chalitzah in front of a Beis Din, a member of the Beis Din may marry her. The reason is that since it was done by the three members of the Beis Din, there is no concern of ulterior motives. The Aruch la'Ner asks, what concern of ulterior motives could there possibly be regarding Chalitzah or Yibum? What could the Chacham have done to promote her to do Chalitzah or Yibum? Regarding a Chacham who refused to release the woman of her vow, it is understandable that there is a concern that his refusal stemmed from his desire to marry her, but that does not apply in this case. The Aruch la'Ner answers that the Gemara says later that the Beis Din gives advice to the Yavam about whether to do Chalitzah or Yibum, and it also says that under certain circumstances they advise a girl to do Mi'un. Therefore, there indeed is concern that he advised her to do Chalitzah or Mi'un because he wanted to marry her.
A CHACHAM WHO DID NOT RELEASE A VOW
A woman vowed not to benefit from her husband. The husband did not discharge her from her vow, and she went to a Chacham to be released from her vow. The Chacham did not find sufficient grounds to release her from her vow. That Chacham may not marry her, because people may say that he did not release her from her vow because he wanted to marry her. If he does marry her, however, he does not have to divorce her.
The prohibition of the Chacham to marry her is only if he was acting alone. However, if he was part of a Beis Din, there are no grounds for suspicion and he may marry her. For that reason, if a woman does Mi'un or Chalitzah in front of a Beis Din, a member of the Beis Din may marry her. (Shulchan Aruch EH 12:1)
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