LASHES FOR EATING KODSHIM IN A FORBIDDEN WAY
Answer #2: Rather, we expound a different verse - "va'Haveisem Shamah Oloseichem v'Zivcheichem... va'Achaltem Sham";
Question: Why does the Torah list all of them again? It could have said 'Lo Suchal l'Achlam'!
Answer: They are repeated to forbid each with a Lav. (Tosfos - indeed, if a Zar eats Olah before Zerikah outside the wall, he is lashed five times; Rashi - it suffices to learn lashes for eating before Zerikah (or Bikurim before Kri'ah). Lashes for eating Kodshim outside are from "u'Vasar ba'Sadeh Treifah Lo Socheilu" (below)).
(Rava): If a Zar eats Olah before Zerikah outside the wall of Yerushalayim, according to R. Shimon he is lashed five times.
Question: He should be lashed also for "v'Zar Lo Yochal Ki Kodesh Hem"!
Answer: That applies only to Kodshim permitted to a Kohen. Olah is forbidden even to Kohanim.
Question: He should also be lashed for "u'Vasar ba'Sadeh Treifah Lo Socheilu" - once meat leaves its (allowed) border, it is forbidden!
Answer: That applies only to meat permitted in its boundary. Olah is forbidden everywhere.
Question: He should also be lashed due to R. Eliezer's law!
(R. Eliezer): "Lo Yochal Ki Kodesh Hem" - one is lashed for eating any Pasul Kodshim.
Answer: This is only if it was permitted before it became Pasul. Here, it was always forbidden.
Question: He should be lashed due to R. Eliezer's other law!
(Beraisa - R. Eliezer): Wherever it says 'Kalil Tihyeh (it will be entirely burned)', there is a Lav not to eat it.
Answer: Rava teaches only about the lashes that R. Shimon expounded from "Lo Suchal Le'chol bi'She'arecha..."
Version #1 (Rav Gidal): If a Kohen eats Chatas or Asham before Zerikah, he is lashed.
Question: What is the reason?
Answer: "V'Achlu Osam Asher Kupar Bahem" - they may eat only after Kaparah;
A Lav inferred from an Aseh is like a Lav. One is lashed for it.
Objection (Rava): "V'Chol Behemah Mafreses Parsah... Osah Tochelu" - you may not eat other animals;
If one is lashed for a Lav inferred from an Aseh, why must it say "Es Zeh Lo Sochlu"?
Version #2 (Rav Gidal): If a Zar eats Chatas or Asham before Zerikah, he is exempt.
Question: What is the reason?
Answer: "V'Zar Lo Yochal Ki Kodesh Hem" applies only when (the beginning of the verse) "v'Achlu Osam Asher Kupar Bahem" applies, i.e. after Zerikah, when Kohanim may eat them.
WHAT IS ME'AKEV WHEN OFFERING BIKURIM?
Version #1 (R. Elazar): Hanachah is Me'akev Bikurim. Kri'ah is not Me'akev.
Contradiction: R. Elazar said that if Reuven separated Bikurim before Sukos, and did not bring them before Sukos, he must let them rot (for we do not do Kri'ah after Sukos)!
Answer: He cannot bring them after Sukos due to R. Zeira's law;
(R. Zeira): If a Minchah is small enough that the flour could be mixed with the oil, even it was not mixed, it is valid;
If it is too big (60 Esronim, there is not enough oil or room in the vessel to mix it), it is invalid because it was not mixed (nor even possible to mix it)! (Here also, since he cannot do Kri'ah, this disqualifies them!)
Version #2 - Rav Acha bar Yakov - (Rav Asi citing R. Yochanan): Hanachah is Me'akev Bikurim. Kri'ah is not Me'akev.
Contradiction - Question (Rav Asi): When are Bikurim permitted to Kohanim?
Answer (R. Yochanan): Bikurim for which Kri'ah can be done are permitted after Kri'ah. Bikurim for which Kri'ah cannot be done are permitted after they enter the Azarah (courtyard of the Mikdash).
This implies that Kri'ah is Me'akev, but Hanachah is not Me'akev!
Resolution - part 1: He said that Kri'ah is Me'akev according to R. Shimon. He said that it is not Me'akev according to Chachamim.
Resolution - part 2: He said that Hanachah is Me'akev according to R. Yehudah. He said that it is not Me'akev according to Chachamim.
(Beraisa - R. Yehudah): "V'Hinachto" refers to Tenufah (waving).
Question: Perhaps it really refers to Hanachah!
Rejection: "V'Hinicho" already teaches about Hanachah, so "v'Hinachto" must refer to Tenufah.
Question: Who is the Tana that argues with R. Yehudah?
Answer: It is R. Eliezer ben Yakov;
(Beraisa - R. Eliezer ben Yakov): "V'Lakach ha'Kohen ha'Tene mi'Yadecha" teaches that Bikurim require Tenufah.
Question: What is his reason?
Answer: He learns a Gezerah Shavah "Yad-Yad" between Bikurim and Shelamim (regarding which it says "Yadav Tevi'enu");
Just like the Kohen must wave Bikurim, he must wave also Shelamim;
Just like the owner must wave Shelamim, he must wave also Bikurim.
Question: How do the Kohen and owner do Tenufah (at the same time)?
Answer: The Kohen puts his hands under the owner's, and they wave it together.