1)

(a)Why did Rav Chisda instruct Rav Hamnuna to pace a Niduy on the elders of Nezunya?

(b)What reason did they give for not attending Rav Chisda's Derashah?

(c)When Rav Hamnuna challenged them to present him with a problem, they asked him whether an Eved, whose master made Sirus Beitzim, goes free. What are the two sides to the She'eilah? Why might he ...

1. ... go free?

2. ... not go free?

(d)What comment did they make about Rav Hamnuna's name when he was unable to answer their She'eilah?

1)

(a)Rav Chisda instructed Rav Hamnuna to place a Niduy on the elders of Nezunya because they did not attend his Derashah.

(b)The reason that they gave for this was because he had not replied to the She'eilah that they asked him.

(c)When Rav Hamnuna challenged them to present him with a problem, they asked him whether an Eved, whose master made Sirus Beitzim on him, goes free. He might ...

1. ... go free because the result of the castration is visible, since the Beitzim are now hanging loosely.

2. ... not go free because the actual Beitzim, which are covered by a membrane, are not visible.

(d)When Rav Hamnuna was unable to answer their She'eilah they commented that his name was not really Hamnuna, but 'Karnuna' (meaning a Batlan who sits in the corners [from the term 'Yoshev Keranos']). See also Tosfos.

2)

(a)What did Rav Chisda comment when Rav Hamnuna reported what had happened?

(b)The Mishnah in Nega'im says that the twenty-four major limbs are not Metamei because of Michyah (a patch of healthy flesh in the middle of a mark of Tzara'as [which is a sign of Tum'ah]). Why not?

(c)What are the twenty-four major limbs?

(d)Which limb of a man does Rebbi Yehudah add?

2)

(a)When Rav Hamnuna reported to Rav Chisda what had happened the latter commented that, what they had asked was actually a Mishnah in Nega'im ...

(b)... which rules that the twenty-four major limbs are not Metamei because of Michyah (a patch of healthy flesh in the middle of a mark of Tzara'as [which is a sign of Tum'ah]) because all the limbs concerned are rounded, and the Kohen cannot see the entire limb in one go (whereas the Torah writes in Tazri'a "l'Chol Mar'eh Einei ha'Kohen").

(c)The twenty-four major limbs are the tips of the fingers, the tips of the toes, the tips of the ears, the tip of the nose, the top of the Milah of a man and the nipples of a woman.

(d)Rebbi Yehudah adds the nipples of a man.

3)

(a)The Tana Kama of a Beraisa states that all twenty-four limbs set an Eved Ivri free. Rebbi adds Sirus. What does ben Azai say?

(b)Why can Rebbi not be adding the castration of the Gid (of Bris Milah) to the list?

(c)What then, does Sirus refer to?

(d)Rebbi seems to hold that the Eved does not go free should his master cut off his tongue. If that is so, how do we initially explain Rebbi in another Beraisa, who says that if a Kohen sprinkled the ashes of the Parah Adumah on the mouth of a Tamei Mes, he is Tahor? If he is not referring to the tongue, then what is he referring to?

3)

(a)The Tana Kama of a Beraisa states that all twenty-four limbs set an Eved Ivri free. Rebbi adds Sirus ben Azai says 'also the tongue'.

(b)Rebbi cannot be adding the castration of the Gid (of Bris Milah) to the list because it is already included in the Mishnah.

(c)'Sirus' must then be referring to the castration of the Beitzim.

(d)Rebbi seems to hold that the Eved does not go free should his master cut off his tongue. In that case, we initially explain Rebbi in another Beraisa, who says that if a Kohen sprinkled the ashes of the Parah Adumah on the mouth of a Tamei Mes, he is Tahor, to refer (not to the tongue, but ) to the lips (which a person sometimes shuts tight, and which might therefore be construed as 'Tamun' [hidden]).

4)

(a)On what grounds is the previous interpretation unacceptable? What did Rebbi say that rules it out?

(b)In addition, Rebbi issues a ruling that clashes with it. The Tana Kama of a Beraisa says that if most of the slave's tongue is removed, he goes free. What does Rebbi say?

(c)In view of the fact that Rebbi concedes that the tongue sets the Eved free, how will we now explain the Beraisa 'Rebbi Omer Af ha'Sirus; ben Azai Omer Af ha'Lashon'? What does ben Azai hold regarding Sirus d'Beitzim?

(d)Then why does the Tana place ben Azai after Rebbi and not before him?

4)

(a)The previous interpretation is however, unacceptable since Rebbi himself specifically interprets 'the mouth' in the Beraisa, as 'Lashon'.

(b)In addition, Rebbi issues a ruling that clashes with it. The Tana Kama of a Beraisa says that if most of an animal's tongue is removed, it is considered blemished. Rebbi says the majority of the part that speaks (in a human-being) i.e. from where the lower part of the tongue is joined to behind the teeth.

(c)In view of the fact that Rebbi concedes that the tongue sets the Eved free, when he says in the Beraisa 'Af ha'Sirus; ben Azai Omer Af ha'Lashon' Rebbi must mean Sirus and certainly Lashon, whereas ben Azai means Lashon, but not Sirus ...

(d)... and the reason that the Tana places ben Azai after Rebbi and not before him is because, although ben Azai refers to the Tana Kama, and not to Rebbi, since the Tana only heard his opinion after he had already inserted Rebbi, he did not want to change the order of the Beraisa (so as not to confuse the Talmidim who had already learned it like that). So he left the order intact, adding ben Azai at the end.

5)

(a)What do the Din of Eved Kena'ani, Haza'ah, Tum'ah and Tevilah all have in common?

(b)What does Ula extrapolate (concerning the tongue) from the Pasuk in Metzora ...

1. ... "v'Chol Asher Yiga Bo ha'Zav"?

2. ... "v'Rachatz Besaro ba'Mayim"?

(c)How does he now use these opposing Halachos to explain the Machlokes between Rebbi and the Rabanan (whether the tongue is considered revealed or Tamun regarding the Halachos of Haza'ah)?

(d)What ...

1. ... does Rebbi learn from "v'Hizah ha'Tahor Al ha'Tamei, b'Yom ha'Shlishi u'va'Yom ha'Shevi'i v'Chit'o?

2. ... do the Rabanan learn from "v'Chit'o ba'Yom ha'Shevi'i v'Chibes Begadav v'Rachatz ba'Mayim v'Taher"?

(e)On what grounds ...

1. ... do the Rabanan decline to learn like Rebbi?

2. ... does Rebbi decline to learn like the Rabanan?

5)

(a)What Eved Kena'ani, Haza'ah, Tum'ah and Tevilah all have in common is that their respective Halachos only pertain to revealed limbs, but not to those that are concealed.

(b)Ula extrapolates from the Pasuk in Metzora ...

1. ... "v'Chol Asher Yiga Bo ha'Zav" that whatever the Zav can readily touch is subject to Tum'ah. Consequently, the tongue, which sometimes protrudes from the mouth, is subject to Tum'ah (even though what is concealed [known as Tum'as Beis ha'S'tarim] is not ).

2. ... "v'Rachatz Besaro ba'Mayim" that when it comes to Tevilah, only parts of the body that enter the water automatically must actually have contact with the water, but not parts that need to have water placed on them, precluding the tongue (all of which cannot possibly enter the water).

(c)He now uses these opposing Halachos to explain the Machlokes between Rebbi and the Rabanan (whether the tongue is considered revealed or Tamun regarding the Halachos of Haza'ah) by basing the two opinions on these two aspects whether we compare Haza'ah to Tum'ah (Rebbi) or to Tevilah (the Rabanan).

(d)

1. Rebbi learns from "v'Hizah ha'Tahor Al ha'Tamei, b'Yom ha'Shlishi u'va'Yom ha'Shevi'i v'Chit'o" that we compare Haza'ah to Tum'ah).

2. The Rabanan learn from "v'Chit'o ba'Yom ha'Shevi'i v'Chibes Begadav v'Rachatz ba'Mayim v'Taher" that we compare Haza'ah to Tevilah.

(e)

1. The Rabanan decline to learn like Rebbi because they prefer to learn Taharah from Taharah.

2. Rebbi declines to learn like the Rabanan because "v'Chi'bes Begadav" interrupts between the two words that form the basis of their Limud.

6)

(a)Ravin Amar Rav Ada Amar Rebbi Yitzchak related the episode of the Shifchah of Beis Rebbi. What did they discover after she had Toveled?

(b)What did Rebbi rule in that case?

(c)How do we reconcile this with Ula, who stated that Rebbi concedes that with regard to Tevilah, the tongue is considered Tamun?

(d)This is based on a well-known statement by Rebbi Zeira. What did Rebbi Zeira say about 'Kol ha'Ra'uy l'Bilah'?

6)

(a)Ravin Amar Rav Ada Amar Rebbi Yitzchak related the episode of the Shifchah of Beis Rebbi. After she had Toveled they discovered a bone stuck between her teeth.

(b)Rebbi instructed her to Tovel again.

(c)We reconcile this with Ula, who stated that Rebbi concedes that concerning Tevilah, the tongue is considered Tamun by differentiating between the water actually entering the mouth (which is not necessary) and the water being able to enter her mouth and touch all places there (which is).

(d)This is based on a well-known statement by Rebbi Zeira, who said 'Kol ha'Ra'uy l'Bilah (regarding the mixing of the flour and oil of the Menachos), Ein Bilah Me'akeves Bo. v'Chol she'Eino Re'uyah l'Bilah, Bilah Me'akeves Bo' (meaning that mixing them must be possible, even though it need not performed).

25b----------------------------------------25b

7)

(a)What does Rebbi Yehudah mean when he says in a Beraisa 'u'Ma'uch, v'Chasus, v'Nasuk v'Charus, b'Beitzim'?

(b)What does Rebbi Eliezer ben Yakov say?

(c)What have we proved by quoting this Beraisa?

(d)What distinction does Rebbi Yosi draw between 'Ma'uch v'Chasus' on the one hand, and 'Nasuk v'Karus' on the other?

7)

(a)When Rebbi Yehudah says in a Beraisa 'u'Ma'uch, v'Chasus, v'Nasuk v'Charus, b'Beitzim', he means 'Af b'Beitzim' ('Kal va'Chomer' b'Gid, which is certainly revealed).

(b)Rebbi Eliezer ben Yakov maintains 'Kulan b'Gid (ve'Lo b'Beitzim)'.

(c)By quoting this Beraisa, we have proved that there is a (second) Machlokes Tana'im whether Beitzim are considered Galuy or Tamun.

(d)Rebbi Yosi draws a distinction between 'Ma'uch v'Chasus' (squashed and crushed) which are considered revealed even by the Beitzim, and 'Nasuk v'Charus' (cut and completely severed) which are only considered revealed by the Gid, but not by the Beitzim.

8)

(a)According to Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Elazar in our Mishnah, one acquires a large animal with Mesirah and a small animal with Hagbahah. What is Mesirah?

(b)What do they say about acquiring ...

1. ... a large animal with Meshichah?

2. ... a small animal with Mesirah or Meshichah?

(c)And how does one acquire a small animal, according to the Chachamim?

8)

(a)According to Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Elazar in our Mishnah, one acquires a large animal with Mesirah and a small animal with Hagbahah. Mesirah entails the owner handing it over to its new owner by its reigns or its hair ... (as we learned above). See also Tosfos DH 'Beheimah Niknis bi'Mesirah' (1).

(b)According to them, one cannot ...

1. ... acquire a large animal with Meshichah (since it is not customary to lead it). See also Tosfos DH 'Beheimah Niknis bi'Mesirah' (2).

2. ... acquire a small animal with Mesirah or Meshichah (since it can easily be acquired with Hagbahah, the Chachamim did not institute other methods of Kinyan).

(c)According to the Chachamim one can acquire a small animal with Meshichah, too.

9)

(a)Rav Darshened in Kimchunya that one acquires a large animal with Meshichah. What did Shmuel ask his disciples about this ruling?

(b)How did Rav's disciples first of all reconcile Rav's two rulings?

(c)Indeed, how can Rav argue with our Mishnah?

(d)Strictest of all is Rebbi Shimon in the same Beraisa. What does he say?

9)

(a)When Rav Darshened in Kimchunya that one acquires a large animal with Meshichah, Shmuel asked his disciples how he could rule against our Mishnah, which lists Mesirah (and not Meshichah). And besides, Rav contradicted himself, since elsewhere, he himself ruled like the Mishnah.

(b)Rav's disciples first of all reconciled Rav's two rulings by informing Shmuel that Rav had retracted from his initial stance.

(c)(We could have answered that Rav is a Tana and that he has the authority to argue with a Mishnah. However, it is not necessary to come on to this here, because) Rav relies on a Beraisa, which quotes the Chachamim who say 'Zu v'Zu Niknis bi'Meshichah'.

(d)Strictest of all is Rebbi Shimon in the same Beraisa, who says 'Zu v'Zu b'Hagbahah'.

10)

(a)Rav Yosef asked how, according to Rebbi Shimon, one acquires an elephant (which one cannot possibly pick up). Which two Kinyanim did Abaye suggest?

(b)Rebbi Zeira suggested bringing four vessels which one then places under the elephant's feet. Which category of Kinyan does this fall under?

(c)What is the problem with Rebbi Zeira's answer?

(d)How do we resolve it?

10)

(a)Rav Yosef asked how, according to Rebbi Shimon, one acquires an elephant (which one cannot possibly pick up). Abaye suggested that one acquires it either with Chalipin or by renting its place (with which all Metaltelin [not only animals] can be acquired).

(b)Rebbi Zeira suggested bringing four vessels which one then places under the elephants feet in which case his vessels will acquire it on his behalf (with a Kinyan Chatzer).

(c)The problem with Rebbi Zeira's answer is that whether the purchaser's vessels can acquire for him in the seller's property or not, is a Machlokes in Bava Basra (implying that there is no clear-cut opinion elsewhere) which case it cannot be there is obviously no clear-cut proof anywhere for either opinion).

(d)We resolve this problem by establishing Rebbi Zeira's cases in a Simta (a side-street which is designated for private use, including Kinyanim).

11)

(a)How do we finally resolve Rav Yosef's problem with Rebbi Shimon by pointing out that one it is possible to acquire an elephant with Hagbahah. How does one do that?

(b)How high must the bundles be?

11)

(a)We finally resolve Rav Yosef's problem with Rebbi Shimon by pointing out that one it is possible to acquire an elephant with Hagbahah by bringing bundles of tied branches on to which the elephant clambers.

(b)The bundles must be at least three Tefachim tall, so as to leave the realm of L'vud (see Tosfos DH 'I Name ... ').

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