Mishnah 1
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1)

(a)What does the Tana Kama rule with regard to a man who is Madir his wife Hana'ah for ...

1. ... thirty days?

2. ... more than thirty days?

(b)What is the reason for this distinction?

(c)What is the Din if he is Madir her Hana'ah from ...

1. ... intimacy?

2. ... Mezonos?

(d)Then what is the Mishnah referring to?

(e)Why is appointing an agent not forbidden due to the principle 'Shelucho shel Adam Kamoso (in which case it is as if the husband was sustaining her himself?

1)

(a)The Tana Kama rules that if a man who is Madir his wife Hana'ah for ...

1. ... thirty days - he should appoint someone to sustain her.

2. ... more than thirty days - he must divorce her and pay her Kesubah.

(b)The reason for this distinction is - because after thirty days have passed - people get to hear about it, and it becomes a public disgrace (See Tiferes Yisrael).

(c)If he is Madir her Hana'ah from ...

1. ... intimacy - his Neder is invalid.

2. ... Mezonos - the Neder takes effect, because she can sustain herself with the work she produces (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(d)And the Mishnah is referring to - where what she produces is sufficient to live on, but not in keeping with the standard she was used to in her parental home.

(e)Appointing an agent is not forbidden due to the principle 'Shelucho shel Adam Kamoso' (in which case it would be as if the husband was sustaining her himself) - because the Tana is speaking in a case where he (does not appoint him a Shali'ach, but) announces that whoever sustains his wife will not lose (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

2)

(a)Rebbi Yehudah seems to agree (See Tos. Yom-Tov) with the Tana Kama regarding the wife of a Yisrael (See Tos. Yom-Tov). What does he say about the wife of a Kohen?

(b)Why the difference?

(c)Like whom is the Halachah?

2)

(a)Rebbi Yehudah seems to agree (See Tos. Yom-Tov) with the Tana Kama regarding the wife of a Yisrael (See Tos. Yom-Tov). However, regarding the wife of a Kohen - he extends the Heter of an agent sustaining her to two months; beyond that, he is obligated to divorce her ...

(b)... because whereas a Yisrael is permitted to remarry his divorced wife, a Kohen is not.

(c)The Halachah is -like the Tana Kama

Mishnah 2
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3)

(a)The Mishnah now talks about a man who is Madir his wife not to eat any specific fruit. What is the case?

(b)The Tana Kama obligates him to divorce her immediately and to pay her Kesubah. Rebbi Yehudah allows him to retain her for up to one day if he is a Yisrael. What if he is a Kohen?

(c)Like whom is the Halachah?

3)

(a)When the Mishnah now talks about a man who is Madir his wife not to eat any specific fruit, he is referring to - where she made the Neder and he upholds it (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)The Tana Kama obligates him to divorce her immediately and to pay her Kesubah. Rebbi Yehudah allows him to retain her for up to one day if he is a Yisrael - up to two days, if he is a Kohen.

(c)The Halachah is - like the Tana Kama.

Mishnah3
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4)

(a)What does the Tana Kama rule in a case where a husband is Madir his wife Hana'ah (refer to 3a) from wearing any specific ornament?

(b)Rebbi Yossi agrees with the Tana Kama there where the husband did not give a fixed time for the prohibition, but where he did, he allows that time period to elapse. What distinction does he draw between a poor woman and a wealthy one?

(c)What is the reason for the thirty days of the latter?

(d)Like whom is the Halachah?

4)

(a)In a case where a husband is Madir his wife Hana'ah (refer to 3a) from wearing any specific ornament - the Tana Kama issues the same ruling as he ruled regarding fruit.

(b)Rebbi Yossi agrees with the Tana Kama there where the husband did not give a fixed time for the prohibition, but where he did, he allows that time period to elapse - a maximum of twelve months with regard to a poor woman, thirty days with regard to a wealthy one ...

(c)... because a wealthy woman tends to benefit thirty days from the fragrance of the make-up that she wore last.

(d)The Halachah is - like Rebbi Yossi (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 4
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5)

(a)The Mishnah rules that a Neder that a man declares forbidding his wife to go to her father's house for one month is valid, for two months, he must divorce her (See Tos.Yom-Tov). What is the status of the husband?

(b)What will be the Din if he is a Kohen?

(c)Who is the author of this Mishnah?

(d)The above applies to a woman whose father lives in the same town. What if he lives in another town?

5)

(a)The Mishnah rules that a Neder that a man declares forbidding his wife to go to her father's house for one month is valid, for two months, he must divorce her (See Tos.Yom-Tov) - if he is a Yisrael.

(b)If he is a Kohen - then the time periods will change to two and three months respectively.

(c)The author of this Mishnah is Rebbi Yehudah (See previous Mishnah).

(d)The above applies to a woman whose father lives in the same town. In the event that he lives in a different town - the time period is extended to three months (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 5
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6)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about a man who is Madir his wife from going to the house of an Aveil or to a wedding (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

(b)Why is that?

(c)On what condition is he permitted to retain her?

6)

(a)he Mishnah rules that a man who is Madir his wife from going to the house of an Aveil or to a wedding (See Tos. Yom-Tov & Tiferes Yisrael) - is obligated to divorce her and to pay her Kesubah ...

(b)... because a. 'closes the door in front of her' - from enjoying herself and countering moments of grief, and b. as a result, when she dies, people will not mourn for her, on the other (See also Tiferes Yisrael).

(c)He is permitted to retain her however- if he made the Neder because he knows that some of the participants there are not decent people.

7)

(a)What does the Tana mean when he issues the same ruling in a case where the man only agrees to be intimate with his wife on condition that she repeats to so-and-so what she said to him or what he said to her'?

(b)And he issues the same ruling again in a case where the husband orders his wife to fill-up and empty on to the trash-heap. Some interpret this literally, that she should fill-up ten buckets of water and empty them on to the trash-heap. Why must he then divorce her and pay her Kesubah?

(c)How do others interpret the husband's words?

7)

(a)When the Tana issues the same ruling in a case where the man only agrees to be intimate with her (See Tos. Yom-Tov) on condition that she repeats to so-and-so what she said to him or what he said to her' - he is referring to light-hearted comments that they made to one another.

(b)And he issues the same ruling again in a case where the husband orders his wife to fill-up and empty on to the trash-heap, which some interpret literally to mean that she should fill-up ten buckets of water and empty them on to the trash-heap, and the reason that he must then divorce her and pay her Kesubah is - because it makes her look stupid.

(c)Others interpret the husband's words to mean - that after Tashmish, she must wipe away the Zera from her womb, so as not to become pregnant.

Mishnah 6
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8)

(a)The Mishnah defines the women who go out without a Kesubah as those who contravene the laws of Moshe and Yehudis. What is the difference between the two terms (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

(b)The Tana gives four examples of 'Das Moshe', the first two of which are that she serves him food that has not been Ma'asered and is intimate with him when she is a Nidah. What is the case of ...

1. ... 'serves him food that has not been Ma'asered'?

2. ... 'is intimate with him when she is a Nidah'?

(c)The third case is where she does not take Chalah. What is the case there?

(d)What is the fourth case?

8)

(a)The Mishnah defines the women who go out without a Kesubah as those who contravene the laws of Moshe - laws that are written explicitly) and Yehudis - laws that the women keep even though they are not written explicitly.

(b)The Tana gives four examples of 'Das Moshe', the first two of which are that she ...

1. ... serves him food that has not been Ma'asered - after checking out her claim that so-and-so Ma'asered the food that she is serving, her husband ascertained that it was not true.

2. ... is intimate with her when she is a Nidah - she informed him that she is Tahor, and the neighbors later testify that they saw her wearing the clothes that she normally wears when she is Tamei.

(c)The third case is where she does not take Chalah - her husband discovered that her claim that so-and-so took Chalah from the dough was not true.

(d)The fourth case is that - she does not fulfill the Nedarim that she makes (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

9)

(a)The first two of the three cases of 'Das Yehudis' cited by the Tana Kama is that she goes into the street with her hair uncovered and that she spins in the market-place. What is wrong with spinning in the market-place?

(b)The third case is that 'she speaks with everybody'. What does the Tana actually mean by that?

(c)Aba Shaul adds 'Af ha'Mekaleles Yoldav be'Fanaf'. What does that mean?

(d)And Rebbi Tarfon adds 'Kolanis'. What is a Kolanis?

9)

(a)The first two of the three cases of 'Das Yehudis' cited by the Tana Kama is that she goes into the street with her hair uncovered (See Tos. Yom-Tov & Tiferes Yisrael) and that she spins in the market-place - which generally entails uncovering one's arms.

(b)The third case is that 'she speaks with everybody' - a nicer way of saying that she indulges in light talk with the young men (See also Tiferes Yisrael and Tos. Yom-Tov DH 've'Noderes ... ').

(c)Aba Shaul adds 'Af ha'Mekaleles Yoldav be'Fanaf' - she curses her husband's father in the presence of her husband.

(d)And Rebbi Tarfon adds a 'Kolanis' - who speaks in such a loud voice that the neighbors hear everything she says.

Mishnah 7
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10)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about a man who betroths a woman on condition that she has not made any Nedarim, and he then discovers that she has?

(b)This ruling is confined to three Nedarim; two of them are not to eat meat and not to drink wine. What is the third?

(c)What if he then (See Tos. Yom-Tov) marries her without any stipulation and she is subsequently found to have made Nedarim before the marriage?

(d)And what does the Tana say in the equivalent cases where a man betroths a woman on condition that she has no blemishes, and where he then marries her S'tam and discovers that she has?

(e)What blemishes is he referring to?

10)

(a)The Mishnah rules that if a man betroths a woman on condition that she has not made any Nedarim, and he then discovers that she has - the Kidushin is invalid.

(b)This ruling is confined to three Nedarim: not to eat meat, not to drink wine - and not to wear ornaments (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)If he then marries her without any stipulation and she is subsequently found to have made Nedarim before the marriage - she goes out without a Kesubah.

(d)The Tana issues the same rulings - in the equivalent cases where a man betroths a woman on condition that she has no blemishes, and where he then marries her S'tam and discovers that she has.

(e)He is referring to - all blemishes that invalidate a Kohen from the Avodah.

11)

(a)There are however, five blemishes that have the same ruling even though they do not invalidate Kohanim. The first of these is a foul smell that she emits from her mouth. What if it comes from any other part of her body?

(b)The second is a small or large wart that contains a hair. Where must this wart be situated for the Kidushin to be invalid?

(c)What if it is situated on her face or on her hands?

(d)Why is that?

11)

(a)There are however, five blemishes that have the same ruling even though they do not invalidate Kohanim. The first of these is a foul smell that she emits from her mouth - or from any other part of her body.

(b)The second is a small or large wart that contains a hair - that is situated near the face under her hat in a location where it is sometimes visible, for the Kidushin to be invalid ...

(c)... because if it was situated on her face or on her hands - the Kohen could not subsequently claim a Mekach Ta'us ...

(d)... since he would have been bound to have seen it.

12)

(a)How will the above ruling differ if the wart has no hair?

(b)The third blemish in the current list concerns the woman's voice. What is it?

(c)The fourth blemish is a dog-bite. On what condition is a dog-bite considered a blemish?

(d)And the fifth and final blemish concerns the woman's breasts. What sort of blemish is the Tana talking about?

12)

(a)If the wart has no hair - it must be at least the size of an Iasr (coin) in order to be considered a blemish.

(b)The third blemish in the current list concerns the woman's voice - which is considered a blemish if it is unusually thick (like a man's voice).

(c)The fourth blemish is a dog-bite, which is considered a blemish - if it leaves a scar.

(d)And the fifth and final blemish concerns the woman's breasts, which are considered a blemish - if they are a Tefach or more apart.

Mishnah 8
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13)

(a)Who is believed if the Chasan claims that the blemishes that he discovers on her before her marriage were there before their engagement and the father claims that they were not?

(b)What does Rebbi Meir therefore say in a case where the Chasan divorces her on account of those blemishes, and the father claims her Kesubah?

(c)Why do we not place her on her Chezkas ha'Guf (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

(d)What if he discovers the blemishes after they are already married?

13)

(a)If the Chasan claims that the blemishes that he discovers on her before her marriage were there before their engagement and the father claims that they were not - the Chasan is believed.

(b)Consequently, if the Chasan divorces her on account of those blemishes, and the father claims her Kesubah, Rebbi Meir rules - that the onus lies on the father to prove that the blemishes only occurred after the engagement before he can claim the Kesubah.

(c)We do not place her on her Chezkas ha'Guf (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - due to the principle 'Ka'an Nimtze'u, Ka'an Hayu' (since the blemishes were found in the domain of the father, that is probably where they first appeared [See also Tiferes Yisrael]).

(d)Based on the same principle, if he discovers the blemishes after they are already married - the onus lies on the Chasan to prove that they were there before the engagement (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

14)

(a)What do the Chachamim say (See Tos. Yom-Tov) about blemishes that are easily visible?

(b)And what do they say there where there is a bathhouse in town?

(c)Why is that?

14)

(a)The Chachamim say (See Tos. Yom-Tov) that if the blemishes are easily visible - the Chasan cannot claim Mekach Ta'us (as we explained earlier) ...

(b)... and that even if they are not - if there is a bathhouse in town - he is not believed either (See Tos. Yom-Tov) ...

(c)... seeing as he will have had her examined for blemishes via the female members of his family (in which case he must have known about any blemishes and been Mochel them).

Mishnah 9
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15)

(a)What does the Tana Kama say about a case where a man becomes blemished after his marriage and his wife asks for a divorce?

(b)What if the blemishes were there already before the engagement?

(c)Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel restricts this ruling to small blemishes. What does he say with regard to big ones?

(d)What are examples of a 'big blemish'?

(e)Like whom is the Halachah?

15)

(a)In a case where a man becomes blemished after his marriage and his wife asks for a divorce, the Tana Kama rules that - we do not force him to divorce her.

(b)If this is the Halachah with regard to blemishes that he obtained after the marriage - how much more so if he already had them before the engagement (See also Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel restricts this ruling to small blemishes; but if he has a big blemish - we force him to divorce her (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(d)Examples of a 'big blemish' are - blind in one eye, a severed hand or a broken foot.

(e)The Halachah is - like the Tana Kama (See Tiferes Yisrael).

Mishnah 10
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16)

(a)The Tana Kama in the previous Mishnah concedes that the woman's claim for a divorce is upheld and she receives her Kesubah, there where her husband is a Mukeh Sh'chin (a leper) or a Ba'al Pulipus. What is a 'Ba'al Pulipus'?

(b)And the same will apply if he is, by profession, a Mekametz (he gathers dog's dung), a copper miner or a Bursi. What is wrong with a copper-miner?

(c)What is a 'Bursi'? What is wrong with him?

(d)Why does the Tana Kama permit the wives of these men to demand a divorce even if the problem existed before they got married (See Tiferes Yisrael)?

16)

(a)The Tana Kama in the previous Mishnah concedes that the woman's claim for a divorce is upheld and she receives her Kesubah, there where her husband is a Mukeh Sh'chin (a leper) or a 'Ba'al Pulipus' - who emits a foul smell from his nose).

(b)And the same will apply if he is, by profession, a Mekametz (who gathers dog's dung), a copper miner - who tends to smell or a 'Bursi' ...

(c)... a tanner - who also smells.

(d)The Tana Kama permits the wives of these men to demand a divorce even if the problem existed before they got married - since the woman was not aware of it (See Tiferes Yisrael).

17)

(a)On what grounds does Rebbi Meir maintain that the above-mentioned women may demand a divorce even if they specifically agreed to marry their husbands in spite of the problem?

(b)What is the only case with which the Tana Kama concedes to Rebbi Meir?

(c)Why is that?

(d)Like whom is the Halachah?

17)

(a)Rebbi Meir maintains that the above-mentioned women may demand a divorce even if they specifically agreed to marry their husbands in spite of the problem - because, although they initially thought that they could live with it, after the marriage, they discover they cannnot (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)The only case with which the Tana Kama concedes to Rebbi Meir is - that of a Mukeh Sh'chin ...

(c)... because intimacy causes his limbs to fall off (See Tiferes Yisrael).

(d)The Halachah is - like the Tana Kama.

18)

(a)The Mishnah relates an episode that occurred in Tzidon of a tanner who died. What exactly was the case?

(b)What did the Tana permit the wife to claim?

(c)So what was the Halachah there (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

18)

(a)The Mishnah relates an episode that occurred in Tzidon of a tanner who died - without children and who left behind a brother who was a tanner like himself.

(b)The Tana permitted the wife to claim that - even though she was able to live with his (the Yavam's) brother, she was not able to live with him.

(c)Consequently - the Yavam was obligated to make Chalitzah and to pay her Kesubah.

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