THE DAY ON WHICH A VIRGIN IS MARRIED
(Mishnah): A virgin is married on Wednesday, and a widow on Thursday.
In cities, Beis Din meets on Mondays and Thursdays. If the Chasan finds that she is not a virgin, he will go to Beis Din immediately the next morning.
(Gemara - Rav Yosef): Rav Yehudah taught that the reason that a virgin is married on Wednesday is like we learned in a Mishnah:
(Mishnah): If the time set for the Chupah came and they were not married, the Chasan must feed the Kalah. If he is a Kohen, she may eat Terumah.
Now that our Mishnah says that the Chupah should be on Wednesday, if the date set for the Chupah fell on Sunday, he need not feed her until Wednesday.
Question (Rav Yosef): Why does Rav Yehudah attribute a Mishnah that was taught to one that was not taught?!
Objection: This is not so. Both Mishnayos were taught!
Clarification of the question: Rather, why does Rav Yehudah attribute the reason for our Mishnah, which gives its reason, to a Mishnah that does not give a reason?
Retraction (Rav Yosef): Rather, Rav Yehudah taught that the reason a virgin is married on Wednesday is so if the Chasan finds that she is not a virgin, he will go to Beis Din immediately the next day.
Question (Rav Yosef): Let her be married on Sunday, and he can go to Beis Din on Monday!
Answer: Chachamim deliberated to help the Kalah, that the Chasan should exert for three days preparing the Chupah feast.
Now that we learned that a virgin is married on Wednesday, if the time for the Chupah fell on Sunday, since he cannot marry her until Wednesday, he need not feed her until then.
IF THE KALAH BECOMES SICK OR NIDAH
(Rav Yosef): If the time for the Chupah falls before Wednesday, the Chasan need not feed the Kalah until Wednesday;
Version #1: Also, if one of them fell sick, or she became a Nidah (Tamei from menstrual blood, causing the Chupah to be postponed), he need not feed her.
Version #2 - Question: If he became sick, must he feed her?
Perhaps he need not, because the delay of the Chupah is beyond his control, just like when the time for the Chupah fell before Wednesday.
Or, perhaps he must feed her. This is unlike when the enactment of Chachamim delayed the Chupah.
Question: If he must feed her when he falls sick, what is the law if she falls sick?
Perhaps he is exempt, for he can say 'I am ready!'
Or, perhaps she can say 'your field was flooded (is your bad luck. You are obligated to feed me.)
Question: If he must feed her when she falls sick, what if she becomes Nidah?
If she became Nidah at the time of her Veses (her normal period), she cannot say that it is his bad luck;
The question is if she becomes Nidah not at the time of her Veses.
Perhaps she can say 'your field was flooded';
Or, perhaps since some women change their Vestos, this is like becoming Nidah at the time of the Veses!
Answer (Rav Achai - Mishnah): If the time came and the women were not married, he feeds them and they may eat Terumah.
This connotes that the women are causing the delay.
Question: If they are delaying, why are they fed?
Answer: Rather, it must be that it is beyond their control (i.e. they became sick or Nidah), and we see that they are fed!
Rejection (Rav Ashi): We can say that whenever they cause the Chupah to be delayed, they are not fed;
Really, the men caused the delay. It says 'the women were not married' because the Reisha discussed the women.
CAN A CLAIM OF ONES INVALIDATE A GET?
Version #1 (Rava): The law of Gitin (divorce) is different (this will be explained).
Inference: He holds that Ones (something beyond one's control) does not apply to (Mevatel) Gitin (If one gave a Get on Tnai (conditionally), even if the Tnai was fulfilled due to Ones, the Get is valid.
Question: What is Rava's source?
Answer #1 (Mishnah): If one gave a Get and said 'this is your Get if I don't come within a year' and he died during the year, the Get is invalid.
Inference: If he got sick, the Get is valid!
Rejection #1: Even if he got sick, the Get is invalid. The Mishnah teaches that a Get cannot take effect after death.
Objection: The Reisha already taught this!
(Reisha): If he said 'This is your Get... after (my) death', it is invalid!
Rejection #2: Rather, the Seifa (cited above, 'if I don't come within a year...') teaches unlike Raboseinu:
(Beraisa): Raboseinu permitted her to remarry
(Rav Yehudah): Raboseinu are the Beis Din who permitted oil of Nochrim. They hold like R. Yosi, who says that the date on a document shows that it takes effect from that day. (Therefore, the Get took effect before the husband died. We may not infer that it is valid if he got sick.)
Answer #2 (to Question (c) - Seifa): If he said 'this Get should take effect from now if I don't come within a year', and he died during the year, the Get is valid.
Inference: Also if he got sick, the Get is valid!
Rejection: Perhaps it is valid only if he dies, since his intent was that his wife not fall to Yibum.
Answer #3: A case occurred in which a man gave a Get on condition that he will not return within 30 days. He was returning on the 30th day, but was delayed because the ferry was on the other side. Even though he was trying to return, Shmuel ruled that the Get is valid.
Rejection: Perhaps a common Ones is different. Since he should have stipulated what will be in such a case, but neglected to do so, he accepted on himself whatever will happen.
Answer #4: Rava's law is a decree due to righteous women and immoral women.