KESUVOS 102 (3 Teves) - Today's Dafyomi material has been dedicated in memory of Hagaon Rav Yisroel Zev Gustman Ztz"L (author of "Kuntresei Shiurim") and his wife, Rebbetzin Sarah Gustman (daughter of Hagaon Rav Meir Bassin, a Dayan in Vilna) in honor of the Yahrzeit of the Rebbetzin. Sponsored by a number of Rav Gustman's Talmidim (Yechiel Wachtel, Rabbi Avrohom Feldman and Mordecai Kornfeld).

[102a - 21 lines; 102b - 43 lines]

1)[line 1]בשטרי פסיקתאB'SHETAREI PESIKTA- with documents that state how much each of the in-laws agree to give for their children's marriage

2)[line 7]ובנו אינו פדויU'VENO EINO PADUY- and his son is not redeemed even after he gives him the five Sela'im

3)[line 7]פדויPADUY (PIDYON HA'BEN)

(a)The Torah requires that every person sanctify the firstborn male of his children, Kosher animals, and donkeys, as it is written, "Kadesh Li Kol Bechor, Peter Kol Rechem bi'Vnei Yisrael, ba'Adam uva'Behemah; Li Hu" - "Sanctify to Me every firstborn that initiates the womb among the children of Yisrael, among both man and beast; it is Mine" (Shemos 13:2).

(b)HaSh-m wanted to give us merit by having us perform a Mitzvah with the first produce of our efforts so that we should realize that everything is His. A person comes to this understanding when after all his toil, he takes these first products, which are as dear to him as the apple of his eye; and gives them to HaSh-m.

(c)Another reason for this Mitzvah is to remember the great miracle that HaSh-m did for us by killing the firstborn of Egypt. (Sefer ha'Chinuch #18)

(d)The first male born to a mother must be redeemed by his father as stated in Shemos 13:13, "v'Chol Bechor Adam b'Vanecha Tifdeh." The Bechor must be redeemed when he is one month old by giving five silver Shekalim of Kodesh (each of which weighs 22.8 grams / 0.8 ounces) to a Kohen as stated in Bamidbar (18:16). This applies only if the son was the first issue (i.e. he was not preceded by a Nefel, stillborn) and came out of the womb. (Sefer ha'Chinuch #392)

4)[line 12]ערבAREV- a guarantor for a debt

5)[line 12]היוצא אחר חיתום שטרותHA'YOTZEI ACHAR CHISUM SHETAROS- whose signature (that he acknowledges is his, confirming that he is a guarantor) comes after the signature of the witnesses in a document

6)[line 19]שלא על אמונתו הלוהוSHE'LO AL EMUNASO HILVAHU- for he (the strongman) did not lend him (the debtor) money based upon his faith in him (the person who interceded)


7)[line 11]והאלהים אמר רב אפילו בוגרתVEHA'ELOKIM! AMAR RAV AFILU BOGERES!- Indeed! Rav even said it with regard to a Bogeres! (using "ha'Elokim," which is an oath, for emphasis)

8)[line 13]דקמיחתני אהדדיD'KAMICHASNEI AHADADI- that there is an impending connection through marriage between them

9)[line 13]גמרי ומקני להדדיGAMREI U'MAKNEI L'HADADI- they make up their minds and gave the rights of acquisition to one another

10)[line 20]דין ודברים אין לי בנכסייךDIN U'DEVARIM EIN LI B'NICHSAYICH- I have no claim in court on your properties [and not even the right to complain - TOSFOS YOM TOV, Kesuvos 9:1 DH Din]

11)[line 32]ומאי פסקאU'MAI PASKA- why did the Mishnah write it without qualification?

12)[line 38]מגרע גרעי?!MIGRA GAREI?!- are they inferior to her?!

13)[line 38]אימר צררי אתפסינהוEIMAR TZERAREI ATPESINHU- I may say that the father, at the time of his death, gave them bundles of money to be used for buying food