Mishnah 1
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1)

(a)The Mishnah invalidates an Areil (someone who is uncircumcised), as well as all Teme'im, from eating Terumah. What sort of Areil is the Tana talking about?

(b)From where do we know that he is forbidden to eat Terumah?

(c)And what does he say about their wives and Avadim?

(d)Why are they not invalidated, together with their husband/master?

1)

(a)The Mishnah invalidates an Areil (someone who is uncircumcised) - who is prohibited from performing the B'ris Milah, due to his two brothers having died because of it, as well as all Teme'im, from eating Terumah.

(b)We know that he is forbidden to eat eating Terumah - from the Pasuk in Bo "ve'Chol Areil Lo Yochal bo".

(c)But he permits their wives and Avadim to eat Terumah.

(d)They are not invalidated, together with their husband/master - since the fact that a Kohen is Tamei or an Areil does not strip him of his status as a Kohen.

2)

(a)What distinction does the Mishnah draw between the wife of a P'tzu'a Daka or a K'rus Shafchah (which will be defined in the next Mishnah) and his Avadim?

(b)On what basis is his wife invalidated?

(c)On what condition does she remain permitted to do so?

2)

(a)The Mishnah - forbids the wife of a P'tzu'a Daka or a K'rus Shafchah (which will be defined in the next Mishnah) to eat Terumah, but - permits his Avadim to do so.

(b)His wife is invalidated from eating Terumah - because Bi'ah with either of them renders her a Chalalah.

(c)She remains permitted to do so however - as long as they have not consummated the marriage.

Mishnah 2
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3)

(a)How does the Mishnah define ...

1. ... a 'P'tzu'a Daka'?

2. ... a 'Kerus Shafchah'?

(b)What if only one of the former's testicles is crushed?

(c)On what condition does the latter remain Kasher?

(d)The latter P'sul certainly applies if the wound came about by means of a sharp implement such as a sword. What if it ...

1. ... shrunk as a result of being crushed?

2. ... the sinews of the testicles that are crushed?

(e)On what condition do all of the above remain Kasher?

3)

(a)The Mishnah defines ...

1. ... a 'P'tzu'a Daka' - as a person whose testicles have been crushed.

2. ... a 'Kerus Shafchah' - as one (the top of) whose Gid has been severed.

(b)The former is called a 'Patzu'a Daka - even if only one of his testicles is crushed.

(c)The latter remains Kasher - if even a hairsbreadth of the crown of the Gid (immediately above the point at which the B'ris Milah was performed) remains intact.

(d)The latter P'sul applies, not only, if the wound came about by means of a sharp implement such as a sword, but even if it ...

1. ... shrunk as a result of being crushed, or if it is ...

2. ... the sinews of the testicles that are crushed.

(e)All of the above remain Kasher however - if the wound occurred on account of an illness (and not through the act of a human-being).

4)

(a)From which Pasuk in Ki Seitzei do we learn that both a P'tzu'a Daka and a 'K'rus Shafchah are forbidden to marry a Kasher Yisre'eilis?

(b)Besides a Giyores, whom does the Tana specifically permit them to marry?

4)

(a)We learn that both a P'tzu'a Daka and a K'rus Shafchah are forbidden to marry a Kasher Yisre'eilis from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei - "Lo Yavo P'tzu'a Daka u'Kerus Shafchah bi'Kehal Hash-m".

(b)Besides a Giyores, the Tana specifically permits them to marry - a Shifchah Meshuchreres.

Mishnah 3
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5)

(a)What distinction does the Mishnah draw between an Amoni and a Mo'avi on the one hand, and an Amonis and a Mo'avis on the other?

(b)Up to how many generations does the Tana forbid ...

1. ... the former?

2. ... a Mitzri and an Edomi (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

(c)What other distinction does the Tana Kama draw between an Amoni and a Mo'avi on the one hand, and a Mitzri and an Edomi on the other?

(d)What does Rebbi Shimon say?

5)

(a)The Mishnah - forbids an Amoni and a Mo'avi to marry into the Kahal, but permits an Amonis and a Mo'avis to do so.

(b)The Tana forbids ...

1. ... the former - forever, but ...

2. ... a Mitzri and an Edomi (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - only up to the third generation.

(c)He also forbids an Amonis and a Mo'avis on the one hand, but permits a Mitzris and an Edomis on the other, up to the third generation (See Tos. Yom-Tov), just like her male counterpart.

(d)Rebbi Shimon - forbids a Mitzris and an Edomis immediately.

6)

(a)How does Rebbi Shimon learn the previous ruling via a Kal-va'Chomer from Amoni and Mo'avi?

(b)What did the Tana Kama comment to Rebbi Shimon, assuming that his main argument was ...

1. ... Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai?

2. ... the Kal-va'Chomer?

(c)What was the Pircha? What advantage do Amon and Mo'av have over Mitzrayim and Edom with regard to the women?

(d)What did Rebbi Shimon reply?

(e)Like whom is the Halachah?

6)

(a)Rebbi Shimon learns the previous ruling via a Kal-va'Chomer - If an Amonis and a Mo'avis are permitted immediately, despite the fact that the males are forbidden forever, then how much more so, a Mitzris and an Edomis, whose males are permitted after three generations.

(b)The Tana Kama commented that if Rebbi Shimon's ruling was based on ...

1. ... Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai - then they accepted his argument.

2. ... the Kal-va'Chomer - then they could not accept it, seeing as they had a Pircha on it ...

(c)... based on the Torah's reason forbidding Amon and Mo'av, which the Torah attributes to the fact that they failed to make their way to the desert, to offer Yisrael provisions, something which women do not generally do; whereas the Torah does not give a reason that would preclude the women of Mitzrayim and Edom from the concession.

(d)Rebbi Shimon replied - that a. Their Pircha is not correct (See Tos. Yom-Tov), and b. his main argument was based on Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai ... (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(e)The Halachah is - like the Tana Kama.

7)

(a)What does the Mishnah finally say about Mamzerim and Nesinim with regard to ...

1. ... marrying into the Kahal?

2. ... their women marrying into the Kahal?

(b)Who were the Nesinim?

7)

(a)The Mishnah finally rules that Mamzerim and Nesinim ...

1. ... are forbidden to marry into the Kahal forever (See Tos. Yom-Tov), and that the same applies to ...

2. ... their women.

(b)The Nesinim were the Giv'onim, who converted in the time of Yehoshua, after tricking him into making peace with them, and whom he 'appointed' as wood-choppers and water-drawers (See Tos. Yom-Tov & Tiferes Yisrael).

Mishnah 4
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8)

(a)Rebbi Yehoshua heard two contradictory rulings concerning Chalitzah with regard to a Saris (a eunuch) and his wife. One, that a Saris (a eunuch) makes Chalitzah and that his wife is subject to Chalitzah, too. What was the other?

(b)What did Rebbi Akiva say when Rebbi Yehoshua stated that he was unable to explain the contradiction?

(c)And he cited a distinction between a S'ris Adam and a S'ris Chamah. What is ...

1. ... a S'ris Adam'?

2. ... a S'ris Chamah' (which we will describe shortly)?

(d)Why is the latter called by that name?

8)

(a)Rebbi Yehoshua heard one ruling that a Saris (a eunuch) makes Chalitzah and that his wife is subject to Chalitzah, too, and another - that neither of them are subject to Chalitzah (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)When Rebbi Yehoshua stated that he was unable to explain the contradiction, Rebbi Akiva declared - that he would explain it.

(c)And he cited a distinction between ...

1. ...a S'ris Adam - (induced by man) ... and

2. ... a S'ris Chamah (who was born a Saris), which we will describe shortly.

(d)The latter is called by that name - because he never saw the sun in any other state.

9)

(a)Based on the above information, how did Rebbi Akiva resolve the contradiction?

(b)What is his reason for the first ruling?

(c)What distinction do we draw between 'Choletz' and 'Choltzin le'Ishto'?

(d)Based on what S'vara did Rebbi Eliezer rule exactly the opposite?

(e)Like whom is the Halachah?

9)

(a)Based on the above information, Rebbi Akiva resolved the contradiction - by establishing the first ruling by a S'ris Adam, and the latter one by a S'ris Chamah.

(b)The reason for the first ruling is - due to the fact that he had a Sha'as ha'Kosher (he was once Kasher [See Tos. Yom-Tov]).

(c)The distinction between 'Choletz' and 'Choltzin le'Ishto' is - that whereas his wife is even permitted to make Yibum, he is not (since he is Pasul le'Kahal [See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(d)Rebbi Eliezer ruled exactly the opposite - because whereas a S'ris Chamah is curable, a S'ris Adam is not (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(e)The Halachah is - like Rebbi Akiva.

10)

(a)The first of the nine signs peculiar to a 'S'ris Chamah' are that he has no beard. What is unusual about his ...

1. ... hair? ...

2. ... body?

(b)Which two signs pertain to his urine?

(c)And what is unusual about his ...

1. ... semen?

2. ... body when he washes in winter?

(d)Finally, in what way is his voice different than most other men?

10)

(a)The first of the nine signs peculiar to a 'S'ris Chamah' are that he has no beard - and that his ...

1. ... hair is sparse, and his ...

2. ... body, smooth (like that of a woman).

(b)His urine - neither steams nor emerges in the shape of an arch, but falls close to where he is standing.

(c)What is unusual about his ...

1. ... semen is - that it comes out 'liquidy' like water, and that it does not become smelly if it is left in a vessel.

2. ... body when he washes in winter is - that it does not emit steam.

(d)Finally, his voice is different than most other men - in that it is high-pitched like that of a woman.

11)

(a)Who was ben Megusas?

(b)What did Rebbi Yehoshua ben Beseira attest with regard to his wife after he died?

(c)Whose opinion is Rebbi Yehoshua ben Beseira coming to condone?

11)

(a)ben Megusas was - a S'ris Adam who lived in Yerushalayim.

(b)Rebbi Yehoshua ben Beseira attested - that, after he died, his brother performed Yibum with his wife ...

(c)... thus proving the opinion of Rebbi Akiva.

Mishnah 5
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12)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about Chalitzah and Yibum regarding ...

1. ... a Saris?

2. ... an Aylonis?

(b)What kind of Saris is the Tana referring to?

(c)And what distinction does he draw between a Saris who ...

1. ... made Chalitzah with the Yevamah?

2. ... performed Yibum?

(d)What is the reason for the latter ruling?

(e)What about the reverse case, where one of the brothers performed Yibum with an Aylonis?

12)

(a)The Mishnah declares that both ...

1. ... a Saris and ...

2. ... an Aylonis - are not subject to Chalitzah and Yibum.

(b)The Tana is referring to - a S'ris Chamah (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)He rules that a Saris who ...

1. ... made Chalitzah with the Yevamah - does not invalidate her, whereas if he ...

2. ... performed Yibum with her - he does ...

(d)... because since she is Patur from Yibum, she has the status of Eishes Achiv, and the Bi'ah is a Bi'as Z'nus.

(e)And the same will apply in the reverse case, where one of the brothers performed Yibum with an Aylonis - in which case she becomes disqualified from marrying a Kohen and from eating Terumah.

Mishnah 6
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13)

(a)The Mishnah now discusses a S'ris Chamah Kohen and an Androginus Kohen who marry a bas Yisrael. What is the definition of ...

1. ... an 'Androginus'?

2. ... a 'Tumtum'?

(b)What does the Tana Kama say about the former?

(c)What do Rebbi Yossi and Rebbi Shimon say about the Androginus?

(d)Why is that?

(e)On what grounds did Rebbi Yossi later retract from his previous ruling (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

13)

(a)The Mishnah now discusses a S'ris Chamah Kohen and an Androginus Kohen who marry a bas Yisrael. The definition of...

1. ... an 'Androginus' is - someone who has the sexual organs of both a man and a woman.

2. ... a Tumtum - whose sexual organ is covered up, and one cannot tell whether he is a male or a female.

(b)The Tana Kama rules that the former - may feed his wife Terumah (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)Rebbi Yossi and Rebbi Shimon issue the same ruling with regard to the Androginus ...

(d)... because they consider him a Vaday Zachar.

(e)Rebbi Yossi later retracted from his previous ruling - because he subsequently considered an Androginus to be an independent species (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

14)

(a)Why does Rebbi Yehudah invalidate a Tumtum who tears open and discovers that he is a male?

(b)Why do we not rule like him?

(c)On what basis does the Tana Kama permit an Androginus to marry a woman but not a man?

(d)What is therefore the Din of someone who has relations with him?

14)

(a)Rebbi Yehudah invalidates a Tumtum who tears open and discovers that he is a male - because he is (like) a S'ris Adam.

(b)We do not rule like him however - because, even if he is, we ruled earlier 'Choletz, ve'Choletz le'Ishto', like Rebbi Akiva (See also Tiferes Yisrael).

(c)The Tana Kama permit an Androginus to marry a woman, but not a man - because he considers him to be a Vaday Zachar (like Rebbi Yossi).

(d)Consequently, someone who has relations with him in any manner - is Chayav S'kilah (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

15)

(a)What does Rebbi Eliezer say with regard to the previous ruling?

(b)Like whom is the Halachah?

15)

(a)Rebbi Eliezer confines the previous ruling to someone who has relations with him via his male organ, but not via his female organ.

(b)The Halachah is - like Rebbi Eliezer (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

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