POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
YEVAMOS 16 (2 Sivan) - This Daf has been dedicated in memory of Harry Bernard Zuckerman, Baruch Hersh ben Yitzchak (and Miryam Toba), by his children and sons-in-law.
1) THE LAW OF "TZARAS" "ERVAH"
(a) (Beraisa): In the days of R. Dosa ben Harkinas, Tzaras
ha'Bas was permitted to the brothers.
(b) Conclusion: This proves that they followed their own
(c) (Beraisa): In the days of R. Dosa, Tzaras ha'Bas was
permitted. Chachamim were very pained, because (they
thought that he permitted it, and) he was a great Chacham
but he could not come to the Beis Medrash because he was
blind. Three Chachamim came to him.
(d) Chachamim: What is the law of Tzaras ha'Bas?
(e) R. Dosa: Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel argue about this.
The Halachah follows Beis Hillel.
(f) Chachamim: We heard in your name that the Halachah
follows Beis Shamai!
(g) R. Dosa: Did you hear this in my name, or in the name of
(h) Chachamim: We heard only 'Ben Harkinas'.
(i) R. Dosa: It was my brother Yonasan, a student of Shamai.
Beware! He has 300 proofs to permit Tzaras ha'Bas. I
testify that Chagai the Navi said three laws in this
1. Tzaras ha'Bas is forbidden;
(j) Yonasan encountered R. Akiva and insulted him. R. Akiva
bore it gracefully with humility.
2. In Amon and Mo'av, we separate Ma'aser Oni in
Shemitah (the seventh year).
3. We accept converts from Karduyin and Tarmudim.
(k) (Beraisa): In Amon and Mo'av, we separate Ma'aser Oni in
1. We learned that many cities were conquered by Bnei
Yisrael that left Mitzrayim, but were not conquered
by the exiles that returned from Bavel;
2. The first Kedushah of Eretz Yisrael was not
permanent. The returning exiles left some cities
without Kedushah so they could be (farmed and) a
source of food for the poor in Shemitah.
2) ACCEPTING CONVERTS
(a) (Beraisa #1): We accept Karduyim and Tarmudim to become
(b) Version #1 - Contradiction (Rami bar Yechezkel's
Beraisa): We do not accept Karduyim!
(c) Answer (Rav Ashi): He taught that we do not accept
1. This is like people say, that Kartuyim are Pesulim
(d) Version #2 (Rami bar Yechezkel - Beraisa): We do not
(e) Suggestion: Kartuyim and Karduyim are the same (and this
contradicts Beraisa #1)!
(f) Rejection (Rav Ashi): No, they are different.
1. This is like people say, that Kartuyim are Pesulim.
(g) (R. Yochanan and elders): We do not accept converts from
(h) Question: R. Yochanan taught otherwise!
1. (Mishnah): Stains (of blood on garments) which come
from Rekem are Tehorim;
2. R. Yehudah says they are Tamei, because they are
converts that erred. (Rashi - they abandoned Torah.
Chachamim decreed that their stains are Tamei, like
Dam Nidah of Yisraelim.)
3. Stains that come from Nochrim are Tehorim.
4. Inference: The Mishnah did not specify. This implies
that stains of all Nochrim are Tehorim, even from
(i) Answer: R. Yochanan observed that the Mishnah holds that
way; he himself disagrees.
5. (R. Yochanan): This teaches that we accept converts
from Tarmod (and may marry them. We are not
concerned lest they are (Mamzerim) Yisraelim.)
(j) Question: But R. Yochanan taught that the Halachah
follows a Stam Mishnah!
(k) Answer: Amora'im disagree with the opinion of R.
(l) Question: What is the reason not to accept converts from
(m) Answer #1 (R. Yochanan or the elders): (We are concerned
lest they descend from) the slaves of Shlomo;
(n) Answer #2 (The other of R. Yochanan and the elders):
(Perhaps they descend from) girls of Yerushalayim (this
will be explained).
(o) We understand Answer #1. He holds that the child of a Bas
Yisrael from a Nochri or slave is a Mamzer.
(p) Question: According to Answer #2, what was the problem
with Benos Yerushalayim?
(q) Answer (Rabah bar bar Chanah and Chachamim): When the
Nochrim entered the Heichal (at the time of the first
Churban), most Nochrim engaged in taking gold and silver.
Twelve thousand men and (or including) 6,000 archers
turned to Benos Yerushalayim - "They afflicted women in
Tziyon, virgins in the cities of Yehudah."
3) AGADIC TEACHINGS OF R. SHMUEL BAR NACHMANI
(a) (R. Shmuel bar Nachmani): "I was a youth, I grew old" -
this verse was said by the world minister (the angel
1. Hash-m could not have said it, for He does not age;
(b) (R. Shmuel bar Nachmani): "The afflicter spread his hand
on all its treasures" refers to Amon and Mo'av;
2. David could not have said it, for he did not live to
be so old!
3. Rather, the world minister must have said it.
1. When Nochrim entered the Heichal, all others engaged
in taking gold and silver, and they turned to the
2. They said 'the Torah forbids (converts from) Amon
and Mo'av to marry into the congregation of Hashem'
- it will be burned!
3. (Rav): "Hash-m commanded that Yakov's enemies
surround him" - such as Humniya (Yevanim), who
harass Yisraelim in Fum Nahara.
4) "SAFEK" "YISRAELIM"
(a) (Rav Yehudah): If a Nochri was Mekadesh a Bas Yisrael, we
are concerned for this. Perhaps he is (a Yisrael) from
the 10 tribes.
(b) Question: We should assume that he is from the majority
of people, who are not from the 10 Shevatim!
(c) Answer: We are concerned in places where they (the 10
Shevatim) settled. (Rashi - there they are 'fixed', so it
is considered an even Safek. Tosfos - there, they are the
Index to Outlines for Maseches Yevamos