POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
1) DOES GROWTH NULLIFY THE ROOT?
(a) Question (Rami bar Chama - Mishnah): If one said 'these
Peros are forbidden to me' or 'to my mouth', he may not
benefit from Chilufeihem or Giduleihem.
1. If he forbade 'what I eat' or 'what I taste', he is
permitted Chilufeihem and Giduleihem;
(b) Answer (R. Aba): Vows are different. Since he can permit
his vow, it is like a Davar she'Yesh Lo Matirin, which is
not Batel in a majority of Heter.
2. This applies to a species in which the seed
disintegrates. If not, even Gidulei Giduleihem are
forbidden. (Additional growth is not Mevatel the
(c) Question: One can permit a declaration of Terumah, yet it
can be Batel!
1. (Mishnah): If one Se'ah of Tamei Terumah fell into
less than 100 Sa'im of Chulin, it must all rot.
(d) Answer #1: The case is, the Terumah was given to a Kohen,
so the Yisrael may no longer permit his declaration of
2. Inference: Had it fallen into 100 Sa'im, the Terumah
would be Batel!
(e) Question (Seifa): If the Terumah is Tahor, the mixture
may be sold to a Kohen. (This shows that it was in the
hands of a Yisrael!)
(f) Answer: The case is, it belonged to a Yisrael that
inherited it from his mother's father, who was a Kohen.
(g) Rejection (Seifa): The mixture may be sold to a Kohen
except for the value of the Terumah. (This shows that the
Yisrael was obligated to give the Terumah to a Kohen!)
(h) Answer #2 (to Question (c)): Rather, vows are different,
for R. Nasan taught that it is a Mitzvah to permit them
(therefore, it is as if they were already permitted):
1. (R. Nasan): One who vows is like one who builds a
Bamah (his own Mizbe'ach, when this is forbidden).
One who fulfills the vow (does not permit it) is
like one who offered a Korban on the Bamah.
2. There is no Mitzvah to permit a declaration of
2) TITHED PRODUCE THAT WAS PLANTED
(a) (R. Yochanan): If a Litra of onions were tithed and
planted, when they grow, one tithes the entire amount.
(b) Question (Rav Chisda): A Litra of the grown onions were
already tithed and permitted. How can you consider them
to be totally untithed?!
(c) Answer (Rava): A Mishnah supports R. Yochanan!
1. (Mishnah): If onions (from before Shemitah) were in
the ground in Shemitah, and rain fell on them and
2. If their leaves are black, they are (entirely)
forbidden (like Shemitah produce). If the leaves
turned green, they are permitted.
(d) Rejection (Rav Chisda): The Mishnah does not say that the
entire onions are forbidden, only what grew in Shemitah!
i. When the leaves are black, we do not say that
what grew before Shemitah remains permitted!
(e) Question: If so (Rosh - the Tana holds that there is Isur
and Heter in the same plant), what is the (unique)
Chidush of R. Shimon ben Gamliel?
1. (Beraisa - R. Shimon ben Gamliel): The amount that
grew in a forbidden state (Shemitah) is forbidden;
the amount that grew in a permitted state is
(f) Answer: R. Shimon ben Gamliel taught the Mishnah.
2. According to Rav Chisda, the first Tana (we
mentioned, i.e. the Tana of our Mishnah) agrees!
1. (Even though there is no proof for R. Yochanan, he
is not refuted.)
(g) Question: Is it really true that whenever he toiled, what
is planted is Batel when the added growth exceeds it?!
2. In the Mishnah, the onions grew by themselves, so
they are not Batel. In R. Yochanan's case, the owner
toiled (to plant the onions), and we can say that
the initial bulb is Batel once the added growth
exceeds the initial size.
1. If a Litra of Ma'aser Rishon (from which Terumas
Ma'aser was not taken) was planted (in Shemitah), he
toiled; yet we learned that tithes must be removed
on the initial Litra from other produce! (If it
would be Batel, it would be like Shemitah produce,
which is exempt from tithes!)
(h) Answer: Ma'aser is different, for the Torah said "Tithe,
tithe all produce of your seeds";
1. This refers to a normal case, in which one planted
Heter. (It was already tithed, and the Torah
obligates tithing it again.) People do not normally
plant Isur. (If one did, it is not Batel the Isur
Index to Outlines for Maseches Nedarim