BACKGROUND TO THE DAILY DAF
brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Yerushalayim
[25a - 26 lines; 25b - 47 lines]
1) [line 2] YATZA - [if the Kometz] left [the Azarah it may not be offered]
2) [line 8] SHE'HUTRAH MI'CHLALAH B'TZIBUR - which is excluded from the general [prohibition against bringing a sacrifice b'Tum'ah] when [most of] the general public [is Tamei]
3) [line 11] AVON SEMOL SHE'HUTAR MI'CHLALO B'YOM HA'KIPURIM - [say that the Tzitz atones for] the sin of performing Avodah with the left hand, which is excluded from the general [prohibition against using the left hand] on Yom Kippur (when the Kohen Gadol carries the spoon with incense in his left hand)
4) [line 14] AVON SHE'HAYAH BO V'DACHISIV, L'AFUKEI YOM HA'KIPURIM D'HECHSHEIRO BI'SEMOL HU - [the Tzitz atones only for a] sin which was in it (the act of Avodah) and I (HaSh-m) pushed it aside, to exclude [the Avodah of] Yom Kippur, where its proper way [to perform the Avodah] is with the left hand; i.e. the Tzitz is Meratzeh only for something that is always forbidden but, in one occasion, is Nidcheh (permitted b'Di'eved). The left hand on Yom Kippur is used l'Chatchilah.
5) [line 20] TAMUS V'ZACHRUS BI'VEHEMAH V'EIN TAMUS V'ZACHRUS B'OFOS
See Background to Menachos 6:5.
6) [line 5] EIN TORMIN MIN HA'TAMEI AL HA'TAHOR - one may not separate produce that is Tamei as Terumah for produce that is Tahor (TERUMAH / MA'ASER DAGAN)
(a) After a crop that is grown in Eretz Yisrael is harvested and brought to the owner's house or yard, he must separate Terumah Gedolah from the crop and give it to a Kohen. Although the Torah does not specify the amount to be given, the Rabanan set the requirement at one fiftieth of the total crop. After Terumah is removed from the produce, one tenth of the produce that remains must be designated "Ma'aser Rishon," and given to a Levi. The Levi, in turn, must separate one tenth of his Ma'aser Rishon as Terumas Ma'aser, to be given to a Kohen, as it states in Bamidbar 18:26.
(b) The produce may not be eaten until both Terumos have been separated from it. Until the Terumos have been separated, the produce is called Tevel. The punishment for eating Tevel is Misah b'Yedei Shamayim (Sanhedrin 83a).
(c) A second tithe is given every year after Ma'aser Rishon has been separated. The tithe that is separated in the third and sixth years of the 7-year Shemitah cycle is called Ma'aser Ani and is given to the poor.
(d) The tithe that is separated during the first, second, fourth and fifth years is called Ma'aser Sheni. The Torah requires that Ma'aser Sheni be brought and eaten by its owner in Yerushalayim. Anyone who eats Ma'aser Sheni produce outside of the walls of Yerushalayim (without Pidyon, redemption - see (e) below) receives Malkus (RAMBAM Hilchos Ma'aser Sheni 2:5). Once the Ma'aser Sheni produce enters the walls of Yerushalayim, it may not be redeemed. It is considered "Niklat," "captured" by the walls.
(e) Alternatively, Ma'aser Sheni produce may be redeemed (Pidyon), in which case the money used to redeem it is brought to Yerushalayim. If the owner himself redeems the produce, he must add an additional fifth (of the ensuing total, or a quarter of the original value). The food that is bought with this money in Yerushalayim becomes Kodesh like Ma'aser Sheni and must be eaten b'Taharah. Ma'aser Sheni that was redeemed by anyone besides the owner is exempt from the additional fifth.
7) [line 20] HA'NITAR L'TEHORIM CHAYAVIN ALAV - an offering that became permitted to those who are Tahor, one is liable for eating it in a state of Tum'ah
8) [line 27] AF HA'PIGULIN K'NOSAROS - [the Beraisa should be read: I might think to include] even animals that are Pigul, like animals that are Nosar
9) [line 43] BI'TERUMAH D'KILA B'KODSHIM D'CHAMIRI - [when Rebbi Eliezer does not impose a fine, perhaps that is only] with regard to Terumah which is lenient, but with regard to Kodshim which are stringent [did you hear that he was lenient and did not impose a fine?]
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