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|ZEVACHIM 78 (17 Tamuz) - Dedicated in honor of the birthday of Mairav Linzer.|
1. If water falls into the blood of a Korban, and the mixture has the appearance of blood, it may be sprinkled on the Mizbe'ach. If the blood falls into water, every drop of blood which falls in becomes Batel to the water.
2. If blood of a Chayah or a bird falls into water, the blood is not Batel. If the mixture has the appearance of blood, it may be used for the Mitzvah of Kisuy.
3. If one combines an olive's size of Pigul with an olive's size of Nosar and an olive's size of Tamei, he is not Chayav Malkus for eating the mixture. It is inevitable that one of the Isurim will be Batel. Since it is not known which one is Batel, the Hasra'ah is a Hasra'as Safek.
4. Dough which is made from a mixture of wheat and rice, and which has the taste of wheat, is Chayav in Chalah, even if the rice is the majority of the dough.
5. Matzah made from a mixture of wheat and rice may be used to fulfill one's obligation to eat Matzah on Pesach, if it has the taste of wheat, even if the majority is rice.
6. If a Tamei jar which contains, but is not filled with, white wine or milk is immersed in a Mikvah, if the water of the Mikvah fills the remaining space in the jar and is the majority of the liquid in the jar, the Tevilah is valid according to the Tana Kama.
7. Rebbi Yehudah says that the white wine or milk in the jar is viewed as though it was red wine. If the red color would have faded from the water of the Mikvah, the Tevilah is valid.
8. If a Tamei jar which contains spit is immersed in a Mikvah, the Tevilah is not valid.
9. If the Tamei jar contains urine, the law is the same as for water.
10. If the Tamei jar contains the water of the Parah Adumah, it is a valid Tevilah only if the water of the Mikvah fills up the majority of the jar.
A BIT MORE
1. The first drop of blood which falls into the water is Batel, because at that point the mixture does not have the appearance of blood. Even if more blood subsequently falls in and the mixture gains the appearance of blood, the blood which fell in first was Nidcheh from the Kedushah of the Korban and it cannot regain its Kedushah.
2. When the first drop of blood falls in, the mixture does not have the appearance of blood and the blood is Nidcheh from the Mitzvah of Kisuy. However, when more blood falls in and the mixture gains the appearance of blood, it may be used for the Mitzvah because a Mitzvah is never Nidcheh.
3. When he chews the mixture of the three Isurim, it is inevitable that a minority of one Isur will be combined with a majority of another Isur and will become Batel. What remains from that Isur will be less than the size of an olive, and thus there is no Chiyuv for that Isur. Since there is no way to know which Isur is Batel, even if witnesses give him Hasra'ah for all of the Isurim, it is considered a Hasra'as Safek.
4. Only wheat is Chayav in Chalah, not rice. Even if wheat is the minority of the dough, if it has the taste of wheat it is Chayav in Chalah.
5. Matzah may be made only from the five species of grain, not from rice. However, if it has the taste of wheat, one fulfills his obligation to eat Matzah with it on the first night of Pesach.
6. However, if the jar contains red wine, if there is enough wine in the jar to give the water of the Mikvah which enters the jar the appearance of wine, the Tevilah is not valid even if the water of the Mikvah fills up the majority of the jar.
7. If there is sufficient wine or milk in the jar such that if it were red wine it would give the appearance of wine to the water of the Mikvah which fills the jar, the Tevilah is not valid even if the water of the Mikvah fills up the majority of the jar.
8. Spit is thick and therefore is considered a Chatzitzah, because it prevents the water from coming into contact with the entire surface of the jar.
9. Although urine has a different appearance than water, its law is the same as the law of water. If the water of the Mikvah comes into brief contact with the urine inside the jar, it is considered Hashakah and the Tevilah is valid.
10. Since the water of a Parah Adumah is an Av ha'Tum'ah, it is considered significant and is not Batel, unless the Mikvah water fills up the majority of the jar.
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