Monday, Bava Metzia 119
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Dedication
BAVA METZIA 118-119 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the Yahrzeit of her father, Rav Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rabbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away on 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study -- which was so important to Rav Weiner -- during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.

 

Summary of the Daf
If a tree sprouts out of the roots of another tree it is Chayav in Orlah.
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If the tree sprouts from the bark of the other tree according to R. Meir it is Chayav on Orlah and according to R. Yehudah it is Patur from Orlah.
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If there are two adjoining gardens and one is on higher ground than the other and a vegetable is growing on the incline between the two gardens R. Shimon says that if the vegetable was within arms reach of the upper garden it belongs to him and if not it belongs to the lower garden.

D'Vei R. Yanai says the vegetable only belongs to the upper garden according to R. Shimon if he doesn't have to extend himself to reach it.

It is a Safek according to R. Shimon if the vegetable belongs to the upper garden if he could reach only the roots or only the only the upper part but not the roots if the vegetable belongs to the upper garden.

 

Brief Insight
SHAVOR MALKA

The Gemara states that they said over in front of King Shevor the Din of R. Shimon and he praised it. Rashi says this is a reference to King Shevor who was the Persian King. The Maharitz Chiyus asks that it is forbidden to teach words of Torah to a non-Jew. The Maharitz Chiyus answers that it is permitted to teach him Torah with regards to the Sheva Mitzvos Bnei Noach and the Gemara states in Sanhedrin that the Dinim are one f the seven Mitzvos and the Din of R. Shimon is included in Dinim.

 

Quick Halachah
DISPUTED VEGETABLE

If there are two adjoining gardens and one of them is on higher ground than the other and a vegetable is growing on the incline if the vegetable can be reached from the upper garden and pulled out from its roots without extending himself it belongs to him and if not it belongs to the lower garden. Even if the entire incline can be reached from the upper garden anything that is growing within three Tefachim of the lower garden belongs to the lower garden. If the upper garden can reach the vegetable but can't reach the roots he may not take it but if he takes the vegetable it is not be taken from him. (Shulchan Aruch CM 167:1)

 

Chakirah
If there are two adjoining gardens and one is on higher ground than the other and a vegetable is growing on the incline between the two gardens R. Shimon says that if the vegetable was within arms reach of the upper garden it belongs to him and if not it belongs to the lower garden. Rashi says that if he can't reach it belongs to the lower garden because he is Mafkir it. Why is the owner of the lower garden Koneh when the Hefker?
Author's Suggestion
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MASECHES BAVA METZIA
Monday's Daf is קיט (119)

BAVA METZIA 118-119 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the Yahrzeit of her father, Rav Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rabbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away on 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study -- which was so important to Rav Weiner -- during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.


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