12th CYCLE DEDICATION
SOTAH 26-28 - A week of study material has been dedicated by Mrs. Rita Grunberger of Queens, N.Y., in loving memory of her husband, Reb Yitzchok Yakov (Irving) ben Eliyahu Grunberger. Irving Grunberger helped many people quietly in an unassuming manner and is dearly missed by all who knew him. His Yahrzeit is 10 Sivan.

1)

(a)According to Shmuel, one should rather marry a Domah than the daughter of a Domah. What is a 'Domah'?

(b)What is Shmuel's reason?

(c)Why does Rebbi Yochanan then say that one should rather marry the daughter? Why is he not concerned about a 'Tipah Pesulah'?

1)

(a)According to Shmuel, one should rather marry a Domah than the daughter of a Domah. A Domah is a woman about whose permissiveness everyone talks.

(b)Shmuel's reason is - because whereas she is from Kosher parents, her daughter's father may well be a Nochri or a Mamzer.

(c)Rebbi Yochanan permits marrying the daughter - who has a Chezkas Kashrus (due to the principle 'Most Be'ilos are attributed to her husband', for which reason, he is not concerned about a 'Tipah Pesulah'), whereas her mother, who is known to go out with other men, does not.

2)

(a)On what grounds do we refute the proof for Shmuel from the Beraisa 'Nosei Adam Domah'?

(b)How do we further amend the Beraisa?

(c)We rule like Rebbi Yochanan on the basis of a Beraisa quoted by Rav Tachlifa bar Ma'arava in front of Rebbi Avahu. What does the Beraisa say about a permissive woman?

2)

(a)We refute the proof for Shmuel from the Beraisa 'Nosei Adam Domah' - by pointing out that we need to change the text anyway, seeing as one may certainly not marry a Domah l'Chatchilah. Consequently, one needs to change the wording to 'Im Nasa Adam Domah Mutar' ...

(b)... in which case, we may as well change it to read 'Im Nasa Bas Domah Mutar'.

(c)We rule like Rebbi Yochanan on the basis of a Beraisa quoted by Rav Tachlifa bar Ma'arava in front of Rebbi Avahu - who said that the children of a permissive woman are Kosher, because most of a woman's Be'ilos are attributed to her husband.

3)

(a)Rav Amram asks whether one may marry the daughter of a Domah who is particularly licentious. Why might this be forbidden even according to Rebbi Yochanan?

(b)Why is this She'eilah not applicable according to those who hold that a woman becomes pregnant only a short while before her Veses (period)?

(c)Then according to which opinion will it apply?

(d)Despite the fact that her husband is able to keep track of her movements, why might it nevertheless be forbidden to marry her daughter?

3)

(a)Rav Amram asks whether one may marry the daughter of a Domah who is highly licentious, which might be forbidden even according to Rebbi Yochanan - because it is no longer possible to attribute most of the Be'ilos to her husband.

(b)This She'eilah is not applicable according to those who hold that a woman becomes pregnant only a short while before her Veses (period) - because seeing as her husband does not know when her Veses is due, he cannot keep check of her movements whenever it occurs (and the answer to the She'eilah is obvious).

(c)It applies however - according to those who hold that a woman becomes pregnant shortly after her Tevilah, in which case, it is possible for her husband keep check of her movements.

(d)Despite the fact that her husband is able to keep track of her movements, it might nevertheless be forbidden to marry her daughter - because when a woman is excessively licentious, even her husband cannot possibly keep track of all her escapades, and we may well no longer attribute most of her Be'ilos to her husband.

4)

(a)What do we learn from the Pasuk "Ish Ish Ki Sisteh Ishto"?

(b)The Tana Kama learns from "v'Heivi ha'Ish Es Ishto" that Beis-Din's warning will only suffice for her to lose her Kesuvah, but not to drink the Mei Sotah. What does Rebbi Yosi say?

(c)What is the basis of their Machlokes?

(d)Why do we not preclude the Beis-Din warning her from "v'Kinei ha'Ish Es Ishto", implying that only her husband can warn her?

4)

(a)We learn from the Pasuk "Ish Ish Ki Sisteh Ishto" - that whenever the husband is unable to warn his wife, then Beis-Din take his place.

(b)The Tana Kama learns from "v'Heivi ha'Ish Es Ishto" that Beis-Din's warning will only suffice for her to lose her Kesuvah, but not to drink the Mei Sotah. According to Rebbi Yosi - it will even be effective to make her drink, though only under the auspices of her husband, when he is freed from jail.

(c)The basis of their Machlokes is - whether we Darshen from "v'Kina v'Heivi" that the one who makes her drink must be the one who warned her (the Chachamim) or not (Rebbi Yosi).

(d)We do not preclude the Beis-Din warning her from "v'Kinei ha'Ish Es Ishto", implying that only her husband can warn her - because the Ribuy "Ish Ish" includes them.

5)

(a)What do Rav Sheshes, Rav ashi and Mar bar Rav Ashi, respectively, learn from the Pasuk ...

1. ... "v'Ne'elam me'Einei Ishah"?

2. ... "v'He'emid ha'Kohen Es ha'Ishah Lifnei Hash-m, Ve'Nasan al Kapehah"?

3. ... "v'Amrah ha'Ishah Amen Amen"?

(b)And what does the Beraisa now learn from the Hekesh "Asher Tisteh Ishah Tachas Ishah"?

5)

(a)Rav Sheshes, Rav Ashi and Mar bar Rav Ashi, respectively, learn from the Pasuk ...

1. ... "v'Ne'elam me'Einei Ishah" - that a woman whose husband is blind cannot become a Sotah, from ...

2. ... "v'He'emid ha'Kohen Es ha'Ishah Lifnei Hash-m, v'Nasan Al Kapehah" - that a woman who is lame or who has no hands cannot become a Sotah either, and from ...

3. ... "v'Amrah ha'Ishah Amen Amen" - that a mute woman cannot become a Sotah.

(b)The Beraisa learns from the Hekesh "Asher Tisteh Ishah Tachas Ishah" - that we compare the man to the woman and vice-versa in all the above regards.

HADRAN ALACH 'ARUSAH'

PEREK K'SHEM

27b----------------------------------------27b

6)

(a)What does Rebbi Akiva learn from ...

1. ... "u'Va'u ... u'Va'u"?

2. ... the extra 'Vav' in "Nitma'ah v'Nitma'ah"?

(b)The latter Derashah is based on the two Pesukim "v'Kinei Es Ishto v'Hi Nitma'ah" and "V'Haysah Im Nitma'ah". What do we learn from the Pasuk ...

1. ... "v'Nisterah v'Hi Nitma'ah"?

2. ... "Asher Tisteh Ishah ... v'Nitma'ah"?

(c)Why are these two Derashos not inserted in this Mishnah?

(d)From where does Rebbi learn the latter Derashah of Rebbi Akiva?

6)

(a)Rebbi Akiva learns from ...

1. ... "u'Va'u ... u'Va'u" - that just as the water examines the Sotah, so too, does it examine the Bo'el.

2. ... the extra 'Vav' in "Nitme'ah v'Nitma'ah" - that just as she is forbidden to her husband, so too, is she forbidden to the Bo'el.

(b)The latter Derashah is based on the two Pesukim "v'Kinei Es Ishto v'Hi Nitma'ah" and "v'Haysah Im Nitma'ah". We learn from the Pasuk ...

1. ... "v'Nisterah v'Hi Nitma'ah" - that the Sotah is considered Vadai Tamei if there is one witness who testifies that she is guilty.

2. ... "Asher Tisteh Ishah ... v'Nitma'ah" - that, if she is a Kohenes, she is forbidden to eat Terumah.

(c)These two Derashos are not inserted in this Mishnah - because the Tana only brings the two "V'Nitma'ah" that it does to teach us the Machlokes between Rebbi Akiva and Rebbi.

(d)Rebbi learns the latter Derashah of Rebbi Akiva - (not from the 'Vav', like Rebbi Akiva does, but) from the repetition of the word "Nitma'ah".

7)

(a)'On that day', Rebbi Akiva made other Derashos (which will now be discussed). What does 'on that day' refer to?

(b)What did he learn from the Pasuk "u'Kli Cheres Asher Yipol Meihem el Tocho, Kol Asher b'Socho Yitma" (instead of "Tamei")?

(c)Why does the Tana cite these Derashos here?

(d)What did Rebbi Yehoshua mean when he said 'Mi Yegaleh Afar me'Einecha Raban Yochanan ben Zakai!" What had Raban Yochanan ben Zakai said?

7)

(a)'On that day', Rebbi Akiva made other Derashos (which will now be discussed). 'On that day' refers to - the day that Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah took over the Nesi'us from Raban Gamliel. The latter would only permit people whom he knew to be totally sincere into the Beis ha'Midrash. But when the former took over, he opened the doors wide, allowing entry to anyone who wished to learn. The result was an upsurge of Talmidim in the Beis ha'Midrash, and they in turn, clarified many Halachos that had previously been obscure.

(b)He learned from the Pasuk "u'Kli Cheres Asher Yipol Mehem el Tocho, Kol Asher b'Socho Yitma" (instead of "Tamei") - that a loaf of bread in an earthenware oven does not only become a Sheni l'Tum'ah, but it also render whatever it touches a Shlishi (the source of a Shlishi l'Tum'ah both by Chulin and by Terumah, according to Rebbi Akiva).

(c)The Tana cites the current Derashos here - because the Derashah of "Nitma'ah" "V'Nitma'ah" it appears, was also Darshened 'on that day'.

(d)When Rebbi Yehoshua said 'Mi Yegaleh Afar me'Einecha Raban Yochanan ben Zakai! - he meant who would enlighten him and tell him Rebbi Akiva's Derashah, because he had stated that there will come a generation who will declare a loaf that is a Shlishi Tahor, since there is no Pasuk that renders it Tamei.

8)

(a)Everyone agrees that the one thousand Amos surrounding the cities of the Leviyim constitute empty space. According to Rebbi Akiva, the second Pasuk which gives the Shi'ur as two thousand Amos, is referring to Techum Shabbos (and not to the space surrounding the Leviyim's cities). How does Rebbi Eliezer Beno Shel Rebbi Yosi ha'Glili reconcile the two Pesukim?

(b)From where does he then learn Techum Shabbos?

8)

(a)Everyone agrees that the one thousand Amos surrounding the cities of the Leviyim constitute empty space. According to Rebbi Akiva, the second Pasuk which gives the Shi'ur as two thousand Amos, is referring to Techum Shabbos (and not to the space surrounding the Leviyim's cities). Rebbi Eliezer Beno Shel Rebbi Yosi ha'Glili reconciles the two Pesukim - by establishing the latter as an extras thousand Amos for the planting of fields and vineyards for the benefit of the Leviyim

(b)Techum Shabbos according to him - is only mid'Rabanan.

9)

(a)Rebbi Akiva also explained the Pasuk in Beshalach "Az Yashir Moshe ... Leimor to mean that Yisrael all repeated the Shirah after him phrase by phrase, like one recites Hallel. What does Rebbi Nechemyah say?

(b)Rebbi Yehoshua learns from the Pasuk in Iyov "Hein Yikteleini Lo Ayachel" that Iyov served Hash-m with love. Why then, does he require the Pasuk "Ad Egva Lo Asir Tumasi Mimeni" (declaring that his perfection will never leave him)?

(c)What did Rebbi Yehoshua comment with regard to Raban Yochanan ben Zakai and himself?

9)

(a)Rebbi Akiva also explained the Pasuk "Az Yashir Moshe ... Leimor to mean that Yisrael all repeated the Shirah after him phrase by phrase, like one recites Hallel. Rebbi Nechemyah says - that they repeated it after him like one recites the Shema (both opinion will be explained later).

(b)Rebbi Yehoshua learns from the Pasuk "Hein Yikteleini Lo Ayachel" that Iyov served Hash-m with love. He nevertheless requires the Pasuk "Ad Egva Lo Asir Tumasi Mimeni" (declaring that his perfection will never leave him) - because we might otherwise have interpreted the first Pasuk to mean that if Hash-m kills him, he will no longer hope for His salvation (since sometimes the word "Lo", even when it is spelt with a 'Vav', means 'not' [as if it was spelt with an 'Alef']).

(c)Rebbi Yehoshua commented - that, based on the Pasuk "Ish Tam v'Yashar Yerei Elokim v'Sar me'Ra", Raban Yochanan ben Zakai Darshened that Iyov served Hash-m out of fear, but not out of love; and here was his Talmid (himself, Rebbi Yehoshua), Darshening from a Pasuk that he also served Hash-m out of love.

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