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NIDAH 5 (5 Sivan) - Dedicated l'Zecher Nishmas Reb Chaim Aryeh ben Aharon Stern Z'L by Shmuel Gut of Brooklyn, N.Y.


1. There is a dispute about the status of bloodstains on the clothing of women who are not expected to see blood.
2. We do suspect that an ordinary woman who finds a bloodstain on her clothing was Teme'ah from before she discovered the stain.
3. When the Chachamim (on 2a) mention the last "examination," they do not mean an examination before she has relations.
4. The Gemara explains why the Chachamim (on 2a) must mention that an examination confirms that she was Tehorah at that time.
5. Generally, a situation of Safek Tum'ah in Reshus ha'Rabim, a doubtful Tum'ah in a public domain, is treated differently from a Safek Tum'ah in Reshus ha'Yachid, a doubtful Tum'ah in a private domain.


1. Rebbi Chanina ben Antignos: Just as women who see blood are not assumed to have been Tamei before they saw the blood, bloodstains that are found now are not assumed to have been present earlier. Rebbi Meir: We suspect that the bloodstains were present earlier.
2. This is true even according to Rebbi Chanina ben Antignos (see #1).
3. The Chachamim (on 2a) say that a woman who sees blood is assumed to have been Teme'ah from the last time she checked, or for the last 24 hours, whichever is less. "Examining" does not include before having relations, as a woman is often rushed when she examines herself before relations and she does not check well.
4. We might have thought that the Chachamim rule that we assume that the woman had been Teme'ah for 24 hours and not longer, due to the concern for the loss of Taharos that would occur if we would suspect that she was Teme'ah for longer. However, the Chachamim would not say that we rely on the last examination that she performed within 24 hours, since that would result in only a small amount of Taharos (less than a day's worth) remaining Tahor. This is why they explicitly state that we do rely on the examination.
5. We derive from the law of Sotah that a Safek Tum'ah in a private domain is treated stringently and deemed to be Tamei, while a Safek Tum'ah in a public domain is treated leniently and deemed to be Tahor. (However, there are exceptions to this rule.)

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