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PESACHIM 109 (3 Cheshvan) - dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas Shlomo Mordechai ben Yakov Sobol, in honor of his son Aaron.


1. Rebbi Akiva would distribute nuts and roasted kernels to children before the Seder.
2. At only two times a year would Rebbi Akiva tell people to leave the Beis ha'Midrash.
3. There is a Mitzvah to be happy with one's family on Yom Tov.
4. Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseirah has another understanding of happiness, similar to that of the Tana Kama (#3).
5. The Gemara explains why the Rabanan decreed that one should drink four cups of wine, even though, at other times, drinking this number of cups is not advisable.


1. He did so in order to prevent them from falling asleep before the Seder.
2. These were Erev Pesach and Erev Yom Kippur. He wanted to make sure that the men went home to prevent their children from being asleep on Pesach night before the Seder, and he wanted to make sure that they went home to give their children food to eat before Yom Kippur.
3. The Tana Kama says that this is accomplished by drinking wine. Rebbi Yehudah says that men, women, and children achieve happiness through different things. Accordingly, men should buy for their wives new clothing for Yom Tov, as this makes them happy.
4. When the Beis ha'Mikdash was standing, the happiness was achieved through eating the Korbanos brought for the Yom Tov. However, now that the Beis ha'Mikdash is not standing, happiness is achieved through drinking wine.
5. This is generally not advisable due to the spiritual damaging agents that harm a person when he has an even number of something (such as four cups of wine). One reason why the four cups at the Seder are different is that Pesach is called "Leil Shimurim" ("a protected night"), and therefore no harm will come from consuming pairs.

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