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|ERCHIN 30 (13 Tamuz) - Today's Dafyomi study is dedicated to the blessed memory of U.S. Army Staff Sgt. Seymour Ira Gottlieb (Yitzchak Shimon ben Chaim Shlomo Yosef ha'Levi, Z"L), who died in World War II on the 13th of Tamuz 5704 in the battle of St. Lo, France, fighting the Nazis to save his Jewish brethren in Europe.|
1. The Chachamim discuss what should be done with the money that a man gave to his sister in order to be Mekadesh her.
2. A person who wants to redeem his Sedeh Achuzah may do so for the lowest price that the field was sold for, whether he sold it at this price or whether it was subsequently sold by the first buyer to a second buyer at a lower price.
3. There is a discussion about whether this leniency (#2 above) also applies when he sold it for 200 Shekalim, the buyer sold it for 100, and then the second buyer sold it again for 200.
4. One must give to his Eved Ivri food, drink, and sleeping conditions similar to his own.
5. A person will end up selling himself if he does not repent from a series of sins, starting with doing business with produce of Shemitah.
A BIT MORE
1. Rav: The money must be given back to the brother, since the Kidushin is invalid. Shmuel: The sister keeps the money, since everyone knows that a brother cannot be Mekadesh a sister, and thus it is assumed that the brother's intention was to give her the money as a gift.
2. The Mishnah derives this leniency from various verses that teach that whether he sold it for 100 Shekalim and the buyer then sold it for 200 Shekalim, or he sold it for 200 Shekalim and the buyer then sold it for 100, he may redeem it based on the price of 100 Shekalim.
3. The Gemara establishes that this is the practical difference between Rebbi and Rebbi Dostai, who derive the teachings above (#2) from different verses. Rebbi says that he would still redeem it for 100 Shekalim, while Rebbi Dostai rules that he would redeem it for 200 Shekalim.
4. This is derived from the verse, "For it is good for him with you." The Beraisa explains that this means that the quality of bread, wine, and mattress given to the Eved Ivri must be comparable to the quality of those of the master.
5. Rebbi Yosi b'Rebbi Chanina derives from a series of verses that a person who sins by doing business with produce of Shemitah will be forced to sell his movable possessions, then his fields, his house, his daughter, and eventually himself.
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