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|12th Cycle dedication|
CHULIN 74 - Dedicated in memory of Esther Miryam bas Harav Chaim Zev and her husband Harav Refael Yisrael ben Harav Moshe (Snow), whose Yahrzeits are 7 Elul and 8 Elul respectively. Sponsored by their son and daughter in law, Moshe and Rivka Snow.
1. If the limb of an animal that died is mostly detached, it is regarded as an Ever Min ha'Chai, not a Neveilah.
2. If a limb of an animal is mostly detached, the Shechitah of the animal is Metaher the limb from Tum'as Neveilah.
3. The disagreement about whether the Shechitah of the mother is Metaher the protruding limb of a fetus from Tum'as Neveilah applies only to a live fetus, according to Rav Chisda. Rabah disagrees.
4. The Shechitah of an animal that was born in its eighth month does not purify it from Tum'as Neveilah.
5. The Shechitah of a Tereifah is Metaher it from Tum'as Neveilah.
6. If one inserts his hand into the womb of an animal and slaughters a nine-month-old fetus, there is a doubt about whether the Shechitah is valid.
7. If one slaughters an animal and finds inside it a fetus, either alive or dead, in its eighth month, or a dead fetus in its ninth month, it is permitted with the Shechitah of the mother, but one must remove the blood before eating the fetus.
8. If a fetus in its ninth month is found alive inside its slaughtered mother, it requires Shechitah, according to Rebbi Meir, and it may not be slaughtered on the same day as the mother. The Chachamim disagree.
9. The Chelev and Gid ha'Nasheh of a nine-month-old fetus found alive in its mother's womb after Shechitah is forbidden, according to Rebbi Meir. Rebbi Yehudah disagrees.
10. There is a disagreement about whether, according to Rebbi Yehudah, there is a Chiyuv Kares for one who eats the blood of a nine-month-old fetus found in alive in its mother's womb after Shechitah.
11. There is a disagreement about whether a nine-month-old fetus found alive in its mother's womb after Shechitah may be used to redeem a Peter Chamor.
12. There is a disagreement about the status of a nine-month-old fetus found alive in its mother's womb after Shechitah. Is it considered part of the body of its mother with regard to Tum'ah?
A BIT MORE
1. An Ever Min ha'Chai is Metamei like a Neveilah. However, there is a difference between a Neveilah and an Ever Min ha'Chai in a case in which the flesh is detached from the limb. An Ever Min ha'Chai is Metamei only like a Neveilah if it is a complete limb consisting of flesh, tendons, and bones.
2. However, mid'Rabanan the mostly-detached limb may not be eaten.
3. According to Rav Chisda, if the fetus is dead, everyone agrees that Shechitah does not purify it from Tum'as Neveilah. Just as Shechitah does not permit a dead animal, it does not permit the protruding limb of a dead fetus.
4. Nevertheless, if a fetus in the womb of its mother is in its eighth month, the Shechitah of the mother purifies it from Tum'as Neveilah.
5. Although a Tereifah may not be eaten, the Shechitah purifies it from Tum'as Neveilah.
6. It is a doubt according to both Rebbi Meir, who says that a Ben Peku'ah (a live fetus which was found inside a slaughtered animal) requires Shechitah, and the Rabanan, who maintain that a Ben Peku'ah does not require Shechitah.
7. The Chelev of the fetus is permitted, but the blood is prohibited.
8. The fetus that is found inside is called a Ben Peku'ah. Rebbi Meir and the Rabanan disagree about whether it becomes permitted with the Shechitah of the mother.
9. Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Yehudah disagree about whether a Ben Peku'ah requires Shechitah, and also about whether the Gid ha'Nasheh and Chelev of the fetus are permitted.
10. Although, according to Rebbi Yehudah, even blood that is not Dam ha'Nefesh is forbidden, in this case since there is no Chiyuv Kares for Dam ha'Nefesh, there also is no Chiyuv Kares for blood that is not Dam ha'Nefesh.
11. Rebbi Meir maintains that it requires Shechitah, and it certainly may be used to redeem a Peter Chamor.
12. According to Reish Lakish, if the mother becomes a Rishon l'Tum'ah, the fetus is also a Rishon. According to Rebbi Yochanan, the fetus is a Sheni.
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