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1. According to the first version of the Gemara, the fat of the bow of the abomasum is forbidden, while the fat of the bowstring is subject to a disagreement between the Bnei Eretz Yisrael and the Bnei Bavel.
2. Even according to the Bnei Eretz Yisrael, who permit the fat of the bowstring, the top layer of fat must be cut off.
3. If the intestines of an animal was punctured and was resealed by the intestinal fluid, the animal is Kosher.
4. If one of the relatives of the deceased was close by at the time of the death, and he arrived at the house of mourning within the first three days, he counts his seven days of mourning at together with the other mourners, according to the Tana Kama. Rebbi Shimon disagrees.
5. If the relative was far away at the time of death, even if he arrived within the first three days of mourning he counts his seven days of mourning from the day he arrived.
6. It is permissible to compare puncture holes in the intestines, lung, or trachea of an animal to determine if the puncture occurred before or after Shechitah.
7. If the rectum of an animal is punctured, the animal is Kosher because the hips seal off the puncture.
8. If the inner paunch of an animal is punctured, the animal is a Tereifah.
9. If the majority of the outer paunch of an animal is torn the length of a Tefach, the animal is a Tereifah, according to the Tana Kama. According to Rebbi Yehudah, if it is a large animal even if it is ripped only a Tefach it is a Tereifah.
10. If the tear in the paunch created a circular hole larger than the size of a Sela, the animal is a Tereifah, because if the hole would be stretched out in a straight line it would be the size of a Tefach.
A BIT MORE
1. According to the second version of the Gemara, everyone agrees that the fat of the bowstring is permitted. The dispute between the Bnei Eretz Yisrael and the Bnei Bavel involves the fat of the bow.
2. The top layer of fat is the Chelev of the innards, which is forbidden.
3. The intestinal fluid is not removed easily from the lining, and therefore it is an effective seal.
4. However, if he arrived after three days, he must start counting his seven days of mourning from the day of his arrival, according to the Tana Kama. Rebbi Shimon maintains that even if he arrived on the seventh day, he counts his seven days of mourning together with the other mourners.
5. Even Rebbi Shimon agrees that if he was far away and he could not have heard about the death on the same day, he counts his seven days of mourning from the day of his arrival.
6. If there is a doubt about whether the puncture occurred before or after Shechitah, one may puncture another hole next to it, and if he sees that they are similar, that indicates that the puncture occurred after Shechitah and the animal is Kosher.
7. However, if the rectum is punctured in the place where it is not sealed by the hips, the animal is a Tereifah even with a tiny puncture.
8. There are various opinions about what is considered the inner paunch, the cecum, the stomach, the place on the paunch that is not wooly, the Tefach of the esophagus which is closest to the paunch, the entire paunch, and the part of the paunch that is exposed when the stomach is sliced open.
9. In the case of a small animal, if the majority of the outer paunch is ripped, the animal is a Tereifah even though it ripped less than a Tefach, according to Rebbi Yehudah.
10. If three date pits with a little remnant of the date still attached can barely pass through the hole, or if three date pits without any of the date attached can pass through it easily, this indicates that it is larger than the size of a Sela.
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