1. One may give Matanos Kehunah to any Kohen who agrees that the Torah commanded us to offer sacrifices.
2. While it shows love for a Mitzvah to eat Matanos Kehunah, it is wrong to ask for them.
3. A similar statement is made regarding the division of the Lechem ha’Panim.
4. However, even refined people would often try to receive some of the Lechem ha’Panim on Erev Yom Kippur.
5. There are twenty four different types of Matanos Kehunah.
A BIT MORE
1. This is even if he is not an expert in the laws of exactly how to offer sacrifices.
2. Asking a Yisrael to give you (the Kohen) Matanos Kehunah is deemed somewhat unrefined. It is the type of thing that a person should be happy to receive, but not to demand.
3. There usually was not a lot of Lechem ha’Panim to divide when taking into account the many Kohanim of the Mishmar. Accordingly, the more refined Kohanim would not ask for a portion of the Lechem ha’Panim.
4. This, together with their performance of Birkas Kohanim whenever they were able to do so (if they were not occupied with other Mitzvos), established publicly at least once a year that they were indeed Kohanim.
5. The Gemara proceeds to list ten that applied in the Beis ha’Mikdash, four that only applied in Yerushalayim, and ten other ones that apply anywhere in the world.