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|CHULIN 101 (1 Adar II) - dedicated in memory of Mordecai (Marcus) ben Elimelech Shmuel Kornfeld, who perished in the Holocaust along with most of his family. His Yahrzeit is observed on 1 Adar. May his death and the deaths of the other Kedoshim of the Holocaust atone for us like Korbanos.|
1. According to Rebbi Shimon, one who eats the Gid ha'Nasheh of a non-Kosher animal is not Chayav at all.
2. If one eats the Gid ha'Nasheh of a Neveilah, he is Chayav twice, according to Rebbi Meir. The Chachamim disagree.
3. If one eats the Gid ha'Nasheh of an Olah or of a Shor ha'Niskal, he is Chayav twice, even according to the Chachamim.
4. If a Tamei person eats Kodesh that is Tamei, if the person became Tamei first, he is Chayav Kares for eating Kodesh with Tum'as ha'Guf.
5. If the Kodesh became Tamei and subsequently the person became Tamei, according to the Tana Kama he is Chayav Kares for eating it. Rebbi Yosi ha'Glili disagrees.
6. If one does a Melachah on Yom Kippur which occurs on Shabbos, he is Chayav twice, according to Rebbi Akiva. Rebbi Yosi ha'Glili disagrees.
7. The prohibition of Ever Min ha'Chai applies to both Kosher and non-Kosher animals and birds, according to Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Eliezer. The Chachamim disagree.
A BIT MORE
1. According to Rebbi Shimon, the prohibition of Gid ha'Nasheh applies only to a Kosher animal. He also maintains that a Gid ha'Nasheh has no taste and is no different from a piece of wood. Therefore, there is no Chiyuv for eating a Gid ha'Nasheh of a non-Kosher animal.
2. According to Rebbi Meir, the prohibition of Neveilah takes effect in addition to the prohibition of Gid ha'Nasheh, because it is an Isur Kolel; it is inclusive of more than just the Gid ha'Nasheh, as it includes all of the flesh of the animal. According to the Chachamim, even an Isur Kolel does not take effect on top of an existing prohibition.
3. The prohibitions of Kodshim and Shor ha'Niskal include a prohibition against Hana'ah, and therefore it is an Isur Mosif; it is a more stringent prohibition than the pre-existing prohibition of Gid ha'Nasheh, and therefore it takes effect on top of the prohibition of Gid ha'Nasheh, even according to the Chachamim.
4. Since he became Tamei before the Kodesh became Tamei, everyone agrees that the more severe prohibition of eating Kodesh with Tum'as ha'Guf takes effect, and even though the Kodesh subsequently became Tamei one is Chayav for eating it.
5. Although the Kodesh became Tamei before the person became Tamei with Tum'as ha'Guf, since the Tum'as ha'Guf is an Isur Kolel (since it includes more than the existing prohibition of Tum'as Kodesh, as it includes all Kodshim), it takes effect on top of the Isur of Tum'as Kodesh, according to the Tana Kama. Rebbi Yosi ha'Glili disagrees.
6. According to Rebbi Yosi ha'Glili, just as an Isur Kolel does not take effect on top of a prohibition that is already in place, two prohibitions that occur simultaneously do not take effect on top of each other. Therefore, a person who does a Melachah on Yom Kippur which occurs on Shabbos is Chayav only once, whether he was Shogeg with the Isur of Shabbos and Mezid with the Isur of Yom Kippur, or vice versa.
7. According to the Chachamim, the prohibition of Ever Min ha'Chai applies only to Kosher Behemos, Chayos, and birds.
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