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1. If a Sefer Torah has four errors on each Daf, and those errors are letters that are missing, the Sefer Torah may not be repaired. If the errors are extra letters, it may be repaired.
2. A Sefer Torah may not end in the middle of a Daf. However, a Chumash may end in the middle of a Daf.
3. Rav says that a Sefer Torah may end in the middle of a line.
4. Rav says that the last eight verses of the Torah must be read by only one person.
5. The last eight verses of the Torah were written by Yehoshua bin Nun, according to Rebbi Yehudah or Rebbi Nechemyah.
6. Rebbi Shimon says that Hashem dictated and Moshe repeated the verse, and then he wrote it in the Sefer Torah. However, the last eight verses were not repeated by Moshe, and he wrote them with his tears.
7. If one writes a Sefer Torah, he is considered as though he received it on Har Sinai.
8. Each parchment of the Sefer Torah must have from three to eight columns.
9. The bottom margin of a Sefer Torah must be a Tefach. The top margin should be the width of three fingers. The margin between the columns should be the width of two fingers. Between the lines should be a space of one line, between the words the space of a letter, and between the letters the space of a hair's width.
10. If one has reached close to the end of the line and he must write a five letter word, he should write at least three of the letters inside the column. Two of the letters may be written past the end of the line (between the columns).
11. If the scribe of a Sefer Torah skipped the Name of Hashem, he must scratch out the word next to it and suspend it above the line and write the Name of Hashem in the place that was rubbed out, according to Rebbi Yehudah. Rebbi Yosi says that it is permissible to suspend the Name of Hashem above the line.
12. If an animal was slaughtered and a fetus survived, the fetus is permitted to be eaten without Shechitah, even if it is eaten many years later, according to Rebbi Shimon Shezuri.
13. Initially, the Chachamim said that if a man is being taken out to be killed and he instructs witnesses to write a Get for his wife, they must write the Get and give it to her.
14. Later, the Chachamim said that even if a person is about to depart on a trip overseas, or to travel with a caravan, and he instructs witnesses to write a Get for his wife, they must write the Get and give it to her. Rebbi Shimon Shezuri says that this applies also to a man who is mortally ill.
15. If Terumas Ma'aser of Demai becomes mixed again with the Ma'aser from which it was taken, according to Rebbi Shimon Shezuri one is permitted to ask the Am ha'Aretz who sold the grain, even on a weekday, if he separated the Ma'aser. If he answers in the affirmative, the grain is permitted.
16. If a crop of Egyptian legumes took root partially before Rosh Hashanah and partially after Rosh Hashanah, one may not separate Terumah and Ma'aser from the crop of one year for the crop of the other.
17. The Egyptian legumes which took root partially before and partially after Rosh Hashanah should be mixed together well before the Terumah and Ma'aser are separated.
A BIT MORE
1. The Sefer Torah may not be repaired if letters are missing, because the repairs will make the Sefer Torah look spotty.
2. The five Chumashim of the Torah may end in the middle of the Daf, including the Chumashim which are part of the Sefer Torah.
3. The Rabanan say that the scribe has the option of ending in the middle of the line. Rav Ashi says that he must end in the middle of the line.
4. According to Rebbi Yehudah, the last eight verses were written by Yehoshua bin Nun. According to Rebbi Shimon, they were written with tears. According to both opinions, the last eight verses differ from the rest of the Sefer Torah and must be read by only one person.
5. Since the Torah states that Moshe Rabeinu died, these verses could not have been written by him. Rather, they were written by Yehoshua bin Nun, according to Rebbi Yehudah or Rebbi Nechemyah.
6. According to Rebbi Shimon, it is impossible that Moshe Rabeinu told the Leviyim, "Take this Sefer Torah," if the Torah was missing even one letter.
7. If one buys a Sefer Torah instead of writing it, it is a fulfillment of the Mitzvah. However, it is a greater Mitzvah to write it oneself. However, if one buys the Sefer Torah and subsequently corrects one of the words, it is as if he wrote it himself.
8. The columns should not be too narrow so that it will not have the appearance of an Igeres. The columns should not be too wide so that it not be difficult to find the beginning of the next line.
9. The scribe may not make his letters especially small in order to leave enough space in the margins, or between the lines, or between the Parshiyos.
10. However, if the entire word consists of two letters, he may not write it between the columns. Instead, he should start the word at the beginning of the next line.
11. Rebbi Yitzchak says that a word of the Sefer Torah may be erased while it is still damp, and the word should then be written suspended above the line, and the Name of Hashem written in its place. Rebbi Shimon Shezuri says that the entire Name of Hashem may be suspended above the line, but not part of the Name. Rebbi Meir says that none of these options are acceptable; rather, the parchment must be removed and hidden away.
12. Even if the offspring was four our five years old and it was plowing in the field, the Shechitah of the mother permits it be eaten.
13. Although he did not instruct them to give the Get, since he was taken out to be killed we assume that he wanted the Get to be given to her so that she would not be bound to do Yibum after his death, and merely because of his agitated stated he failed to mention it.
14. A person who is about to depart on a dangerous journey is in an anxious state, and we assume that he wanted the Get to be given to his wife because of the concern that he may never return and she will be left an Agunah, or that he will die and she will be bound to do Yibum.
15. The Rabanan decreed that when produce is bought from an Am ha'Aretz, the Ma'aseros must be separated because of the concern that the Am ha'Aretz did not separate the Ma'aseros. However, since most Amei ha'Aretz separate Ma'aser, the Rabanan instituted certain leniencies. Hence, if the Terumas Ma'aser became mixed with the Ma'aser from which it was taken, the Rabanan allow the owner to rely on the word of the Am ha'Aretz. If the Am ha'Aretz insists that he separated the Ma'aser, he is believed, and the Terumas Ma'aser which was separated is no longer regarded as Terumah since it was separated needlessly, and the mixture is permitted, according to Rebbi Shimon Shezuri.
16. The year of Ma'aseros for legumes is determined by when they took root. Therefore, Ma'aser may not be separated from legumes which took root before Rosh Hashanah on behalf of the legumes which took root after Rosh Hashanah.
17. If they are mixed together well, even though some of the mixture took root in the previous year, we assume that the Terumos and Ma'aseros which were separated were proportionate to the percentage of the legumes which took root in each of the years.
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