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1. If prohibited, old wine spills on grapes, everyone agrees that if the wine gives taste to the grapes, they are forbidden.
2. If prohibited, freshly pressed wine spills on grapes and does not give taste, there is a dispute about whether the grapes are forbidden.
3. If prohibited vinegar from wine spills into vinegar of beer, or if prohibited Chametz falls into other Chametz and does not give taste, there is a dispute about whether the mixture is forbidden.
4. If two or three prohibited spices of the same type with different names, or of different types, fall into a dish, the food is prohibited if the spices together give taste to the dish.
5. If prohibited wine spills into vinegar and does not give taste, according to Rava the mixture is permitted. According to Abaye, it is prohibited.
6. According to Abaye, a Yisrael is forbidden to puncture the barrel of wine of a Nochri in order to smell it. Rava disagrees.
7. If an oven was heated with cumin of Terumah, bread which was baked in the oven is permitted to a non-Kohen because there is no taste of the cumin in the bread, but only the smell.
8. If hot bread is placed on a barrel of wine of Terumah, the bread is prohibited, according to Rebbi Meir. According to Rebbi Yehudah, it is permitted.
A BIT MORE
1. When it is impossible to discern if the prohibited item gives taste to the mixture, the mixture is forbidden if the amount of the prohibited item in the mixture is more than one in sixty.
2. According to Abaye, the grapes are forbidden, because freshly pressed wine has the same taste as grapes. Since they are considered the same entity, even a minute amount of wine prohibits the grapes. According to Rava, since wine and grapes have two different names, they are considered two different entities even though they have the same taste.
3. According to Abaye, the mixture is permitted, because vinegar of wine and vinegar of beer have different tastes. Chametz of wheat and Chametz of barley also have different tastes. Therefore, the mixture is forbidden only if the prohibited item gives taste. According to Rava, since both are called vinegar, and both are called Chametz, even a minute amount of prohibited vinegar or Chametz prohibits the mixture.
4. Each spice is not enough to spice the food alone, but together they spice the food. If all of the spices are sweet, the dish is prohibited. According to Rava, the dish is permitted even though all of the spices are sweet. Rebbi Meir maintains that all prohibited items combine, whether they have the same taste or not.
5. Wine which spills into a jar of vinegar attains the smell of the vinegar when it is the air of the jar. Thus, at the time it falls into the vinegar, it smells like vinegar but tastes like wine. According to Abaye, wine which smells like vinegar and tastes like wine is regarded as vinegar. Therefore, even a minute amount prohibits the vinegar. According to Rava, since it tastes like wine, it is regarded as wine. It prohibits the vinegar only if it gives taste.
6. According to Abaye, smell is a significant benefit, and therefore one is forbidden to smell wine of a Nochri because of the prohibition against deriving benefit from it. According to Rava, smell is not a significant benefit.
7. Abaye maintains that smell is a significant benefit. The bread is permitted because the cumin was no longer in existence when the bread was baked.
8. According to Rebbi Yosi, wheat bread it is permitted, but barley bread is forbidden because barley is more absorbent.
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