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|KIDUSHIN 32-33 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for thIs Daf for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.|
It is a Machlokes if a son must spend his own money in order to honor his father or mother. (1)
Two brothers or partners, a father and son and a Rav and Talmid may redeem each other's Ma'aser Sheni without adding a fifth. (2)
Two brothers or partners, a father and son and a Rav and Talmid may give each other Ma'aser Ani. (3)
Rebbi Yehudah says that a person who supports his father from his Ma'aser Ani shall be cursed.
Even if a parent throws a purse into the sea the son may not embarrass him.
If people who are Chayav Sekilah get mixed in with people who are Chayav Sereifah, R. Shimon holds all of them are punished with Sekilah, while the Rabanan hold all of them are punished with Sereifah. (4)
If a son sees his father transgress the Torah he should not say to his father that he transgressed the Torah instead he should quote the Pasuk that prohibits it.
R. Elazar Ben Masya says if a parent instructs a child to bring him water and the son has a Mitzvah to do, he shall do the Mitzvah instead of bringing the water because both he and his parent are obligated in the Mitzvos.
Isi Ben Yehudah says that if it is possible for the Mitzvah to be done by others he should bring the water to his parent.
A parent may be Mochel his honor but it is a Machlokes if a Rav may be Mochel his honor. (5)
It is a Machlokes if a Nasi may be Mochel on his honor, but everyone agrees that a King may not be Mochel on his honor.
The Tana Kama holds that one must stand for an elder Talmid Chacham, while Rebbi Yosi ha'Glili holds that one must stand even for a young Talmid Chacham.
Isi Ben Yehudah says that one must stand up for an elder man even if he is an Am ha'Aretz.
The obligation to stand up for a Talmid Chacham is only when he is within 4 Amos..
The Mitzvah of standing up for a Talmid Chacham does not apply in a bathroom or bathhouse.
One shall not close his eyes in order to avoid standing up for a Talmid Chacham.
A Talmid Chacham should try to avoid causing others to stand up for him.
A BIT MORE
1. However everyone agrees that a son must take off work if necessary in order to honor his father or mother even if it costs him money as a result.
2. If the owner of the produce redeems his own Ma'aser Sheni he must add a fifth, but if someone else redeems his Ma'aser Sheni he does not have to add a fifth. All of these people mentioned do not a fifth, even though they love each other they are not regarded as the Guf of their friend or relative.
3. They may give each other Ma'aser Ani even though they love each other and would have provided for each other even if they did not have Ma'aser Ani to give
4. R. Shimon holds that Sekilah is a more lenient punishment and therefore they all receive Sekilah even though the majority of the people are Chayav Sereifah, while the Rabanan hold that Sereifah is a more lenient punishment and even if the majority of the people are Chayav Sekilah they are be punished with Sereifah.
5. However even if the Rav is Mochel on his honor the Talmid must still treat him with some respect.
HONORING A KING
R. Tzadok learns out from a Kal va'Chomer that if Hashem Yisbarach is Mochel on His honor and blows the wind and brings clouds and rain most certainly a Nasi may be Mochel on his honor as well. R. Ashi says that even according to the opinion that a Nasi may be Mochel on his honor a King may not be Mochel on his honor. The Maharsha ask that the Kal va'Chomer of R. Tzadok applies to a King as well, if Hashem Yisbarach is Mochel on his honor certainly a King may be Mochel on his honor. The Maharsha answers that the entire world belongs to Hashem Yisbarach and the Kingdom of the world is His and therefore He may be Mochel, however a mortal King is given his Kingdom from Heaven and it is not his Kingdom to be Mochel.
A DISHONORABLE PARENT
A Mamzer is Chayav to honor and fear his father even though he is Patur from hitting or cursing him unless he did Teshuvah. Even if a parent is a Rasha and a Ba'al Aveirah he must honor and fear him. If a child sees a parent transgress a Mitzvah he should not say Abba you transgressed the Torah instead he shall say Abba the Torah states such and such in a way that makes it seem that he is asking, not telling. If a father instructs a child to transgress a Mitzvah of the Torah, whether it is a Mitzvas Aseh or Mitzvas Lo Sa'aseh, or even a Mitzvah mid'Rabanan he should not listen to his parent. (Rambam Hilchos Mamrim 6:911, 12`)
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