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GITIN 31

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GITIN 31 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the Yahrzeit of her father, Rav Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rabbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away on 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study -- which was so important to him -- during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.
 

12th CYCLE DEDICATION
GITIN 31 (10 Av) - Dedicated by Rabbi Dr. Eli Turkel of Ra'anana, Israel, in memory of his father, Reb Yisrael Shimon ben Shlomo ha'Levi Turkel, on the day of his Yahrzeit.

SUMMARY

Just as Terumah Gedolah may be separated by estimation and with thought (without separating it), so too Terumas Ma'aser may be separated with estimation and thought.
 
Just as the Ba'al ha'Bayis may separate
 
Terumah Gedolah so too he may separate Terumas Ma'aser
 
If someone puts aside produce to separate Terumah or Ma'aser from it, or money to redeem Ma'aser Sheni, he may operate under the assumption that the produce or money is still around.
 
If he finds that the produce or money is no longer around, the Ma'aser that he separated or redeemed within the past 24 hours is a Safek according to R. Elazar. (1)
 
Rebbi Yehudah sys that someone who put aside wine to separate Ma'aser from it must check the wine three times a year to ensure that has not turned into vinegar. (2)
 
If a Mikvah is measured and found to be lacking the Shi'ur all of the Taharos that were in contact with utensils or people that immersed in the Mikvah are assumed to be Tamei. (3)
 
Three times during the year one partner may sell their produce or wine without permission from the other partner.
 
The eastern wind is very hot and when it blows it overpowers the cool breezes of any other wind.
 
The north blows together with all of the winds, and if it stopped blowing the world would cease to exist.
 
The southern wind is the harshest of all of the winds and if an angel called Ben Netz didn't hold it back it would destroy the entire world.

A BIT MORE

1. This is the opinion of R. Yochanan; however R. Elazar Ben Antigonus says that any Ma'aser that he separated or redeemed up until 24 after the time that he put them aside is a Safek.
 
2. Because one may not separated Terumah or Ma'aser from vinegar for wine because it is two separated Minim. The three times are when the hot east wind blows on Motzei Sukos and when the grapes start to appear on the vine and when the grapes reach the size that a little bit of juice can be squeezed from them.
 
3. Even if the Mikvah was in Reshus ha'Rabim they are assumed to be Tamei. The Tana of this Beraisa argues with the R. Elazar of our Mishnah who says that the lost produce is only a concern for the last 24 hours not for any longer than that, while this Tana holds that the Mikvah is considered to be lacking in its Shi'ur all the way back to the last time it was checked and found to be 50 Se'ah.

BRIEF INSIGHT

RU'ACH HA'BERIYOS
 
The Gemara says that R. Huna and R. Chisda told Geniva that they were discussing Ruchos. The Degel Machaneh Ephrayim says that the Ruchos that they were discussing were the Ruchos that are discussed in the Mishnah in Avos which says that anyone who the Ru'ach of Beriyos (fellow people) are pleased with him the Ru'ach ha'Makom is also pleased with him. However someone [like Geniva] who the Ru'ach of the Beriyos are not pleased with him [because he was a combative person] the Ru'ach ha'Makom is also not pleased with him and therefore the obligation to stand up for him does not apply.

QUICK HALACHAH

SEPERATING TERUMAH
 
One may not separate Terumah with a measure, or with weights, or by number because the Torah does not give a Shi'ur for Terumah. Instead one shall separate the Terumah by estimation and he shall separate about 1/50. (Rambam Hilchos Terumah 3:4)
 
The Rash says that we shall separate Terumah by estimation so that we will separate a generous amount. (Kesef Mishneh)

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