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|KESUVOS 49 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the Yahrzeit of her father, Rav Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rabbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away on 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study -- which was so important to him -- during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.|
12th CYCLE DEDICATION
KESUVOS 49 (7 Cheshvan) - in honor of ha'Gaon Rav Meir Shapiro, creator of the Dafyomi study cycle. (See www.dafyomi.co.il/dafyomi.htm for more on the Rav and his Yahrzeit.)
If the father hands over his daughter to the Chasan and subsequently the Kalah returns to her father's house and is Mezanah, she is punished with Chenek.
Rebbi Yishmael: If the father hands over the daughter to the Chasan and he subsequently dies, her father may not annul her vows. (1)
A Na'arah ha'Me'orasah who is Mezanah is Chayav Sekilah, but if she is a Bogeres, Be'ulah, or Nesu'ah, she is Chayav Chenek.
One who is Mezanah with a woman who entered into Nisu'in but did not yet have relations with her husband is Chayav Chenek.
A daughter is supported from the property of the father after his death.
Rebbi Meir: It is a Mitzvah to support one's daughters, and certainly to support sons who learn Torah.
Rebbi Yehudah: It is a Mitzvah to support one's sons, and certainly to support daughters so that they will not be disgraced.
Rebbi Yosi ben Berokah: The father has no Mitzvah to support his children.
The Rabanan in Usha decreed that a man must support his children who are Ketanim.
The Chachamim do not physically force a man to support his children unless he is wealthy. (2)
A raven rejects her offspring when they are young and light-colored, but embraces them when they turn black.
Rava forced Rav Nasan bar Ami to give 400 Zuz to Tzedakah.
The Rabanan in Usha decreed that when a man writes that all of his property shall be given to his children, both he and his wife are to be supported from the property.
If a man dies and leaves a widow and a daughter, the widow is supported from the property even after the daughter gets married. (3)
A BIT MORE
1. The act of handing her over was regarded as a Nisu'in, and at that point the father lost all of his rights in his daughter. However, if the Chasan died after the Eirusin, she returns to the Reshus of her father and he may annul her vows.
2. However, they use verbal coercion to try to convince him to support them.
3. Even after the death of the daughter, the widow continues to be supported from the property. Even though the husband of the daughter who inherits the property is regarded as a buyer of the property, and the law is that the widow may not take property from the buyers for her support, the Rabanan decreed that the widow may take her support from the husband of the daughter.
THE SUPPORT OF YOUNG CHILDREN
The Rabanan in Usha decreed that a man must support his young children. Nevertheless, we do not force a man to support his children unless he is wealthy. However, the Rosh says that for young children up to the age of six, we do force the father to support them. Even if the children are capable of supporting themselves (for example, they inherited property from their grandparents), the father still must support them; once the Chachamim decreed that they must be supported, the decree applies in all cases.
THE OBLIGATION OF TZEDAKAH
Every person is obligated to give Tzedakah. Even a poor person who is supported from Tzedakah must give Tzedakah from his allotment. If a person gives less Tzedakah than is appropriate for a person of his wealth, the Beis Din coerces him and lashes him until he gives an appropriate amount. Beis Din may enter his property and seize the Tzedakah that he should be giving. (Shulchan Aruch YD 248:1)
Even though Tzedakah is a Mitzvas Aseh for which the Torah promises a reward, even so we force a person to give Tzedakah because there are also Mitzvos Lo Sa'aseh that pertain to the Mitzvah of Tzedakah. (Shach)
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