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There is a case in which a person eats one bite and is liable for four Chata'os and an Asham Me'ilos: a person who is Tamei who eats Chelev from a Korban that is Nosar on Yom Kippur. (1)
Rebbi Meir says that if it is Shabbos and one carries the food in his mouth in a public domain, he is liable for a fifth Chatas. (2)
Rebbi Yehoshua maintains that one who commits an Aveirah in the process of doing a Mitzvah is exempt from a Korban Chatas, even if the Mitzvah was not done correctly. According to one version, however, Rebbi Yehoshua exempts the person only in a case in which the Mitzvah needs to be done hastily. (3)
While a Kohen was eating Terumah, he became aware that he was the son of a divorcee or of a Chalutzah. Rebbi Eliezer: He must pay the principle and a fifth of the value of the Terumah to the Kohen. Rebbi Yehoshua: He is exempt.
In the case of the Mishnah in which two Chasanim mixed up their brides and are Chayav for Eshes Ish, Eshes Achiv, Achos Ishto, and Nidah, it is possible that all of the prohibitions occurred at the same time, and even Rebbi Shimon maintains that they would be Chayav for all four. (4)
The prohibition of Nidah can occur at the same time as the other prohibitions if she starts seeing blood prior to becoming a Gedolah and continues seeing blood after becoming a Gedolah. (5)
A woman does not become pregnant from the first time she has relations.
Er did not have conventional relations with Tamar out of concern that her beauty would be tarnished as a result of pregnancy. Onen did not have conventional relations with Tamar because the child that would have been born would have been regarded as his brother's child.
Rebbi Yehudah derives from a verse that a Kalah does not require Tevilah from the Tum'ah of her first relations. The Chachamim derive instead that a woman who had unconventional relations does not require Tevilah. (6)
A woman who waited ten years after her first marriage before getting married again and did not have in mind to remarry will no longer be fertile.
A woman who had relations must wait three months before remarrying, with the exception of a Giyores or a Meshuchreres who is a Ketanah.
A Ketanah who does Mi'un does not have to wait three months before remarrying.
A BIT MORE
1. Chelev is the first prohibition. Since the person was Makdish the animal, the prohibitions of Me'ilah and Nosar apply, which are Isurei Mosif. The subsequent prohibitions of Tum'ah and Yom Kippur are Isurei Kollel.
2. The prohibition of Shabbos is an Isur Bas Achas together with Yom Kippur. Rebbi Meir maintains that for Yom Kippur itself there is no Chiyuv for carrying.
3. There are two baby boys. One was born on Shabbos, and one was born on Sunday. The Mohel erroneously performs the Bris Milah on Shabbos on the boy who was born on Sunday. This is a case of committing an Aveirah (Chilul Shabbos) in the process of doing a Mitzvah and ending up not fulfilling the Mitzvah. In the case of our Mishnah, when the two Chasanim mixed up their brides, they also committed an Aveirah in the process of doing a Mitzvah and did not do the Mitzvah correctly.
4. It is possible for the prohibitions of Eshes Ish, Eshes Achiv, and Achos Ishto to occur at the same time in the following scenario. The two brothers appoint one agent to be Mekadesh the two sisters for them, and the two sisters appoint an agent to accept the Kidushin from the two brothers for them. The agents meet each other and perform the two Kidushins at the same time.
5. It is possible for the Isur Nidah to occur at the same time only if the two brothers and two sisters all become Gedolim on the same day, and they stipulate that the Kidushin should go into effect at the time they become Gedolim.
6. Although Tamar did become pregnant from the first Bi'ah with Yehudah, she was a Besulah at the time, because Er and Onen did not have conventional relations with her. Tamar is an exception because she used her finger to create an opening.
7. The reason why the Torah does not require a Kalah to immerse in the Mikvah after the first Bi'ah is that a woman cannot conceive from the first Bi'ah.
The Beraisa says that sometimes a person eats one bite and becomes liable for four Chata'os and an Asham Me'ilos. Rebbi Meir says that if it is Shabbos and he carries the food in his mouth in a public domain, he is liable for a fifth Chatas. Tosfos asks how carrying can be included among the prohibitions of eating prohibited food. If we seek to include prohibitions other than eating, we can also include doing any Melachah on Shabbos while eating the food. Tosfos answers that the act of swallowing is what creates the Chiyuv for carrying, because one is not Chayav for carrying until the object is placed down (Hanachah). Swallowing the object is the same as placing the object down.
SHICHVAS ZERA L'VATALAH
It is forbidden to spill one's seed needlessly. This sin is the most severe Aveirah in the Torah. Therefore, a person should not thresh on the inside and spill on the outside, and one should not marry a minor who is not yet fertile. (Shulchan Aruch EH 23:1)
If a person is in danger of stumbling into the Aveirah of Eshes Ish or Nidah, it is preferable to spill one's seed rather than commit the Aveirah of Eshes Ish or Nidah. However, he must repent by fasting in the summer or by sitting in the ice in the winter. (Chelkas Mechokek)
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