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YEVAMOS 104

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12th CYCLE DEDICATIONS
 
YEVAMOS 104 (1 Elul) - dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas Esther Chaya Rayzel (Friedman) bas Gershon Eliezer (Yahrzeit: 30 Av, Yom Kevurah: 1 Elul) by her daughter and son-in-law, Jeri and Eli Turkel of Raanana, Israel. Esther Friedman was a woman of valor who was devoted to her family and gave of herself unstintingly, inspiring all those around her.

SUMMARY

A shoe from an Ir ha'Nidachas and a shoe reserved for Tachrichim are not valid for Chalitzah. (1)
 
The Tana'im disagree about whether Chalitzah at night is valid. (2)
 
The Tana'im disagree about whether Chalitzah done with the left shoe is valid.
 
Nega'im may not be seen by the Kohen at night.
 
Monetary cases may not be started at night, but may be completed at night.
 
Chalitzah done in front of two people is invalid, but Rebbi Shimon and Rebbi Yochanan ha'Sandlar permit it. (3)
 
The Retzi'ah of an Eved Ivri is done to the right ear.
 
If the Yevamah does Chalitzah and the Rekikah, but they did not read the Parshah, the Chalitzah is valid.
 
If they read the Parshah and did the Rekikah but not the Chalitzah, it is invalid.
 
The Tana'im disagree in a case in which they did the Chalitzah and read the Parshah, but they did not do the Rekikah.
 
The Chalitzah of a deaf- mute is not valid.
 
The Chalitzah of a Katan is not valid.
 
The Chalitzah of a mute is not valid. (4)
 
According to Rebbi, once the Yevamah does the Rekikah, she is no longer permitted to do Yibum.
 
The Korban may not be eaten until the offering of the Eimurim. However, if the Eimurim are no longer in existence, the Korban may be eaten.
 
The Shechitah is Mekadesh the bread of the Kivsei Atzeres. (5)

A BIT MORE

1. These shoes are not used for walking.
 
2. The dispute is whether Chalitzah is similar to the beginning of Din or to the end of Din.
 
3. Rebbi Akiva is Machshir an act of Chalitzah that is not done in anyone's presence.
 
4. Although the reading of the Parshah is not Me'akev, the Yavam and Yevamah must at least be capable of reading the Parshah.
 
5. Rebbi Eliezer b'Rebbi maintains that both the Shechitah and the Zerikah is Mekadesh the bread of the Kivsei Atzeres.

BRIEF INSIGHT

SHOE RESERVED FOR A ZAKEN
 
The Gemara says that a shoe that was reserved for the honor of a Zaken (for Tachrichim) is not valid for Chalitzah, because it is not used for walking. Why does the Gemara say that it was reserved for a Zaken, instead of saying that it was reserved as Tachrichim for a Mes? The answer is that "reserved for a Mes" implies that he already died, and if that is the case, then there is another reason for why it is invalid for Chalitzah: According to Abaye, anything reserved for a Mes is forbidden. Therefore, the Gemara mentions that it was reserved while the person was still alive, and even so it is not valid for Chalitzah because it is not used for walking. (Aruch la'Ner)

QUICK HALACHAH

CHALITZAH AT NIGHT
 
Chalitzah may be done only during the day. Chalitzah done at night is not valid. Chalitzah may not be done on Shabbos and Yom Tov. It may be done on Chol ha'Mo'ed. Some say that Chalitzah should not be done on Erev Shabbos or Erev Yom Tov, and that is the Minhag.
 
The reason why Chalitzah is not done on Erev Shabbos and Erev Yom Tov is that Din is prohibited on those days. (Gra)

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